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The environment means what is around us.
The most serious environmental problems are:
Water pollution, air pollution, nuclear pollution
Noise from buses, cars, planes
Destruction of wildlife and countryside beauty
Shortage of natural resources
The growth of population.
Water pollution Many seas are used for dumping industrial and nuclear waste. This poisons and kills fish and sea animals. Many rivers and lakes are poisoned too. Fish and reptiles can not live in them. There is not enough oxygen in the water. In such places all the birds leave their habitats and many plants die. Factories and plants produce a lot of waste and pour it into rives. Air pollution Nuclear power stations cause nuclear pollution. The ozone layer is becoming thinner. Factories and plants put harmful substances into air. Big cities suffer from smog.
What must we do?
There are many organizations which protect our environment. Nowadays people understand how important to solve the environmental problems that endanger people lives. What must we do? Walk or use a bicycle instead of going by car.
Do not litter with paper, cans or bottles.
Recycle used materials such as metal, bottles and paper.
Plant more trees.
Feed birds in winter and help them survive in the cold.
Save energy. Use less electricity and gas. Turn off the lights when you leave a room.
Clear rubbish from lakes and rivers.
Have showers, not bath. Showers use less water.