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    Методическая разработка открытого урока английского языка в 9 «Б» классе «Проблемы окружающей среды» «Environmental Problems»
    методическая разработка по английскому языку (9 класс) на тему

    Цели урока:

    Совершенствовать навыки монологической и диалогической речи;

    Осуществить метапредметные связи (биология, география);

    Создать код экологических правил;

    Развивать коммуникативные навыки;

    Продолжить формирование познавательного интереса к предмету через использование нестандартных форм обучения и создание ситуации успеха;

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                              Государственное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение

    средняя общеобразовательная школа № 118

    Выборгского района Санкт-Петербурга

    Методическая разработка открытого урока английского языка в 9 «Б» классе «Проблемы окружающей среды» «Environmental Problems»

                                              Дата проведения урока: 15 мая 2012 года

    Учитель английского языка Алексеева Татьяна Владимировна

    Цели урока:

    Совершенствовать навыки монологической и диалогической речи;

    Осуществить метапредметные связи (биология, география);

    Создать код экологических правил;

    Развивать коммуникативные навыки;

    Продолжить формирование познавательного интереса к предмету через использование нестандартных форм обучения и создание ситуации успеха;

    Задачи:

    образовательные

    побудить учащихся на уроке к активной и продуктивной умственной деятельности, умению выявлять проблемы и находить пути их решения

    воспитательные

    привлечь внимание учащихся к экологическим проблемам;

    привить чувство ответственности за окружающую среду

    развивающие

    развивать память;

    развивать способности формулировать выводы;

    развивать способности выявлять главное

    Ведущая образовательная технология урока: комбинированный с использованием метапредметных связей

    Методические приёмы: беседа, работа в парах, частично поисковые, использование видеофильмов на уроке, проектная деятельность, практические методы обучения.

    Ход  урока:

    На доске написана тема урока  Environmental Problems

    Main idea: How to protect Nature

    Aim: to make a Code of Ecological Rules

    Цитата     «If you don`t think about the future you will not have it»

                                                         John Galsworthy

    1. Объявляю тему и цель урока.
    2. Вступительное слово учителя:

    The Earth is a home to millions of different kinds of living things, which are linked in many ways. Together, they make up the complex world nature. Some are rivals or enemies while others depend on each other for survival.

    The word environment means simply what is around us. The air we breathe, the soil on which we stand and work the water we drink are all part of the environment. However, nowdays we have many ecological problems.

    1. Look at the blackboard. Which of these problems is our country facing? Can you list them in order from most to least serious?

    acid rain                              typhoon

    industrial waste                  earthquake

    deforestation                       rubbish

    overfishing                          oil spills

    famine                                 air pollution

    volcanic eruption                noise pollution

    rising water levels               land pollution

    hole in ozone layer             ultraviolet radiation

    1. Look at the table and make true sentences about the problems our planet faces.

    The air

    contaminated

    by

    oil spills

    Fish stocks

    polluted

    due to  

    frequent flooding

    Seas and oceans

    Is being

    reduced

    as a result of

    deforestation

    Forests

    are being

    wiped out

    because of

    smoke and gases from factories

    Crops

    destroyed

    overfishing

    Example: The air is being polluted by smoke and gases from factories.

    1. Now we are going to watch video about environmental problems people in Britain have. While watching video try to answer the questions in the screen.

    Учащиеся после просмотра видео отвечают на вопросы, появившиеся на экране.

    1. T: I asked you to prepare reports about ecology.

    Доклады учащихся:

    P1: I want to tell you about water pollution. The situation is really gloomy and sometimes even hopeless. Rivers, lakes, seas and oceans cover more than 70% of our planet. Scientists say «Man will die if oceans die». Over 5 million tons of oil products pollute the ocean each year. About 2 million tons of these products come from cars. First the oil products go into atmosphere. From the atmosphere they go into oceans. A ship wrecked tankers spill a lot of oil into the ocean. In addition big rivers carry into the ocean a lot of waste from industry and agriculture, Pollution means death to oceans. It kills fish, plants, and birds. Experts believe life in oceans will be destroyed within 25 years.

    P3: The industry affects the nature greatly. For example more than 30 years ago a pulp-and paper factory was built on the shore of lake Baikal. As a result, because of the water pollution, more than 50% of the world`s purest water has been ruined. The whole ecological system of lake has changed greatly. Some organisms that can be found only in Lake Baikal are disappearing; trees are dying from the dust and gas blow-outs of the factory.

    P3: Well, we see that water which is necessary for our life is polluted awfully. As for me, I want to focus to another problem, the problem of air pollution. Nobody and nothing on the Earth could live without air. People pollute the air all over the world. A great number of trees growing on the planet produce oxygen and clean the air. But vast forests are cut and burn in fire. Their disappearance upset the oxygen balance.

    Besides, the ozone layer in the atmosphere protects the Earth from the dangerous ultraviolet rays of the sun. It`s like a kind of a roof. But now, because of the air pollution, the ozone layer is destroyed. The dangerous rays get through the atmosphere, causing different diseases.

    In addition awful harm is caused to our home by nuclear test of atom bombs, accidents on the atomic power stations, for example, Chernobyl tragedy in 1986. About 18% of the territory of Belarus was polluted with radioactive substances.

    P4: We must keep in mind that only the industry pollutes the nature. Every year each family create one ton of rubbish. A great number of dumps are all over the country. Just only some facts: it takes more than 2 years to decompose paper. Cans and tins destroy more than 90 years. Plastic packets decompose more than 200 years, glass-more than 1000 years.

    P5: People in cities suffer greatly from the pollution. But as for animals, the situation is really dramatic. Almost all animals, insects and birds living on our planet need help. They could disappear forever. During 300 years 280 species were destroyed on our planet. Nowadays the destruction of animals is going on. Indian tigers are among them. Tigers are the biggest cats in the world. They are skilful hunters and people are afraid of them. So they kill them to save their lives. But some people hunt tigers for their beautiful skins and for fun. They sell the skins and get a lot of money. The result is sad/ there are few Indian tigers on the Earth.

    P6: I want to tell you about elephants. They are wonderful, they can help people. Elephants need a lot of water. They drink as much as 50 gallons a day; they spray their bodies with water. They need a lot of food. Elephants spend about 16 hours a day eating. Today many elephants in Africa are dying because they do not have enough food to eat and space to live in. Hunters kill thousands of elephants every year for meat and for their tusks. Only two million elephants live on the planet today. As for the other animals the situation is the same:

    1. 8 big cats are killed to make one fur coat;
    2. Only several hundred of rhinos are left in Asia;
    3. About 3 million kangaroos are hunted every year;
    4. Only 30 Californian condors were left in the world;
    5. Million buffalos were destroyed by now;
    6. Over 40000 monkeys are caught every year;
    7. About 300 dolphins and 30 sea turtles are poisoned by water pollution every day.

    7. Speaking.

    a) Match the causes to the effects, then make sentences, as in the example.

    CAUSE

    EFFECT

    CONSEQUENCE

    exhaust fumes

    smog and factory smoke

    industrial waste

    sewage

    use of aerosols

    air pollution

    water pollution

    damage to the ozone layer

    people can develop breathing difficulties

    diseases are spread

    greenhouse gases are produced

    fish die

    the earth is not protected from ultraviolet radiation

    Exhaust fumes cause air pollution. As a result, people can develop breathing difficulties.

    b) Your father uses his car to go everywhere. You want him to stop using the car so much and use public transport. Persuade your father to stop driving his car so much.

    tell him that you want him to stop using his car and give a reason

    disagree with the arguments presented by your father and give other arguments

    suggest a solution

    Учащиеся составляют диалоги.

    8. Listening «Global warming»

    a) T: Which of the following do you think the possible effects of global warming are? Listen and tick accordingly.

    1

    changing weather patterns

    2

    a shortage of water

    3

    flooding of the entire planet

    4

    melting of polar ice caps

    5

    a decrease in the population of the planet

    6

    rising sea levels

    7

    a decrease in food supplies

    8

    flooding of low-lying areas

    9

    extinction of many species

    10

    depletion of natural recourses

    11

    loss of plant life

    b) How can we stop global warming? Use the prompts below to make suggestions, as in the example.

    Useful language:  We could, A good idea would be, One way is to, Something must be done to, Laws must be passed to, People should be required to5

    use less fuel

    use public transport

    recycle rubbish

    ride bicycles

    plant more trees

    use unleaded petrol

    use less aerosol sprays

    put filters on factory chimneys

    People should be required to use less fuel.

    A good idea would be to use public transport instead of driving your car.

    c) Use your answers to give a one minute talk about global warming. Explain its causes and effects, then suggest possible solutions.

    9. What can we do to help our planet?

    Просмотр видео. После просмотра учащиеся высказывают мнение о способах защиты окружающей среды.

    10. Speaking

    a) What can we do with: old newspapers/ magazines? plastic bottles? aluminium cans? empty glass bottles?plastic bags? rainwater? Discuss with a partner. Use some of the ideas below to make sentences, as in the example.

    recycle / make/ greeting cards/ writing paper

    recycle/ make/ plant pots/ vases

    recycle/ make/ new cans

    return/ shop/ take/ bottle bank

    reuse/ take out/ rubbish/ at home

    reuse/ water/ garden/ plants

    Don`t throw away old newspapers and magazines, they can be recycled to make greeting cards.

    b) Are there any recycling schemes in your city?

    Do you think recycling is important? Why?

    11.Защита проекта.

    На доске плакат созданный учащимися о необычных способах переработки, повторного использования вещей, экономии природных ресурсов. Учащиеся защищают проект.

    12.

    T: Now we know ecological problems and how to help our planet. Let`s make the code of Ecological rules.

    Учащиеся выходят к доске и записывают правила.

                       Use less fuel.

                       Use public transport.

                       Recycle rubbish.

                       Ride bicycles more.

                       Plant more trees.

                       Use unleaded petrol.

                       Use less aerosol sprays.

                       Put filters on factory chimneys.

                       Do not break trees.

                       Do not leave litter.

    13. Our lesson is coming to the end. In conclusion I would like to tell you that the protection of nature is everybody`s business. An outstanding English writer John Galsworthy said. «If you don`t think about the future you will not have it». Let`s save the Earth for ourselves and for the next generations.

    14.Оценивание работы учащихся на уроке.

    15. Домашнее задание. Написать небольшую статью о защите окружающей среды.


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