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    Дистанционное обучение 14.05.2020

    Сидельникова Татьяна Владимировна

    Задания для студентов АПК

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    Тема: Промышленность в России. Промышленные города.

    Ознакомьтесь с лексикой по новой теме.

    resource

    [rɪˈsɔːs]

    ресурс

    oil

    [ɔɪl]

    нефть

    gas

    [gæs]

    газ (бензин)

    industry

    [ˈɪndəstri]

    промышленность

    technology

    [tɛkˈnɒləʤi]

    технология

    energy

    [ˈɛnəʤi]

    энергия

    plant

    [plɑːnt]

    завод

    machine

    [məˈʃiːn]

    машина (напр.станок)

    facility

    [fəˈsɪlɪti]

    промышленное здание

    equipment

    [ɪˈkwɪpmənt]

    оборудование

    manufacturer

    [ˌmænjʊˈfækʧərə]

    производитель

    mine

    [maɪn]

    шахта

    factory

    [ˈfæktəri]

    фабрика

    engineering

    [ˌɛnʤɪˈnɪərɪŋ]

    инженерия

    storage

    [ˈstɔːrɪʤ]

    хранилище

    production

    [prəˈdʌkʃən]

    производство

    silver

    [ˈsɪlvə]

    серебро

    gold

    [gəʊld]

    золото

    crop

    [krɒp]

    урожай

    maker

    [ˈmeɪkə]

    производитель

    waste

    [weɪst]

    отходы

    Промышленность

    Россия – высокоразвитая промышленная страна. Она имеет самые большие запасы минеральных и энергетических ресурсов в мире. Страна богата нефтью, углем, газом, медью, никелем и другими минеральными ресурсами. Несмотря на экономические проблемы, с которыми Россия сталкивается в настоящее время, она остается одной из главнейших стран в мире.

    Ознакомьтесь с текстом и выполните упражнение после него.

    Text “Oil and Gas Industry of Russia”.

    In Russia the oil and gas industry is historically regarded as being one of the most important sectors of the economy, as the revenue it generates forms a major component of the country’s budget. The oil and gas industry is currently the main source of the state’s tax revenues and currency revenues. Russia’s oil reserves are the third largest in the world. Russia is also a major producer of natural gas.

    The development of the Russian oil and gas industry began in the mid-19th century with the development of oil deposits in the Northern Caucasus. The discovery and development of oil and gas deposits in the Volga, Urals, and Timan-Pechora areas led to a significant increase in the volumes of oil extraction in the first half of the 20th century. The development of major basins in Siberia, Timan-Pechora, the Caspian, and the Far East resulted in a record quantity of oil being extracted in 1988. Extraction levels fell at the beginning of the 1990s, but are now once again on the increase.

    The oil industry plays a significant role in Russia’s macroeconomy, investment environment, infrastructure development, politics and foreign policy.

    Given its central role in the economy, it is logical that oil is a significant driver of both domestic and foreign investment.

    The Russian oil industry presents tremendous opportunities for firms, particularly in areas of engineering services, technical consulting and finance (raising capital, auditing).

    Oil and gas are more than commodities and are also, tools of international power, components of foreign policy, elements of national security and a source of national pride.

    Gas industry of the country is still a system-forming industry. It moves towards new economic relations following its own way, which is absolutely different from that of oilmen, coal miners or power engineers. The most important task set for the gas industry for the present is to be a reliable guarantor of supplying gas in required volumes, in due time and in due place both inside Russia and to European countries.

    Gas industry not only stabilizes economy it also can initiate a breakthrough into a new technological era and facilitate deep structural transformation of the economy.

    Russian gas industry is reach in unique industrial production experience, qualified stuff, it has assumed a position of a strategic operator on solvent gas markets in Europe, it disposes of colossal reserves of hydrocarbons, a unique natural resource base that, when reasonably used, ensures successful development of the industry for the next decades.
    Russia plays a significant part in the formation of world prices owing to the large volumes of oil and gas that Russia supplies to the world market.

     

    Слова к тексту.

    regard – рассматривать, считать

    revenue – годовой доход

    currently – теперь, в настоящее время

    tax – налог

    currency – деньги, валюта

    proven – доказанный

    oil extraction – добыча нефти

    investment – капиталовложение

    auditing – аудит, ревизия, контрольная проверка

    commodities – товар

    tool – инструмент, оружие

    move – двигаться

    in due time – в свое время

    initiate – положить начало

    breakthrough – прорыв

    facilitate – способствовать

    reach – область, влияние, сфера

    assume – принимать на себя

    dispose – располагать

    reasonably – разумно

    ensure – обеспечивать

    supply – снабжать, поставлять

    decade – десятилетие

    discovery - открытие

    quantity - количество

    increase - увеличение

    significant - значительный

    opportunity - возможность

    reliable – надежный

    volume – объем

    market - рынок

    price - цена

    formation – образование

    successful - успешный

    producer – производитель

    Ответьте письменно на вопросы.

    Ответьте на вопросы:

    1. How is oil and gas industry historically regarded?

    2. When did the development of the Russian oil and gas industry begin?

    3. What does oil industry present for firms?

    4. What is the most important task set for the gas industry?

    5. What can gas industry initiate?

    6. What led to a significant increase in the volumes of oil extraction in the first half of the 20th century?

    7. The oil industry plays a significant role in Russia’s politics and foreign policy, does not it?

    8. Are oil and gas more than commodities?

    9. What is still a system-forming industry?

    10. Why does Russia play an important part in the formation of word prices?