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    Дистанционное обучение 22.05.2020

    Сидельникова Татьяна Владимировна

    Задания для студентов АПК

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    Тема: МАШИНЫ И МЕХАНИЗМЫ.

    ВЫУЧИТЕ НОВЫЕ СЛОВА НО ТЕМЕ.

    Vehicle- транспортное средство

    Agricultural and construction equipment- сельскохозяйственная и строительная техника

    Automotive parts- автозапчасти

    Bus-автобус

    Bicycle- велосипед

    Commercial vehicle- грузовик

    Crossover- Кроссо́вер ( автомобиль  повышенной проходимости)

    Forklift trucks- вилочные погрузчики

    Engine- двигатель

    Motorbicycle- мотоцикл

    Minivan- минивен

    Off-road vehicle- внедорожник

    Passenger car- легковой автомобиль

    Pickup- модификация легкового автомобиля и внедорожника, лёгкий коммерческий автомобиль с открытой грузовой платформой

    ПРОЧИТАЙТЕ И ПЕРЕВЕДИТЕ ПИСЬМЕННО

    1.One of the multinational automotive corporation is General Motors. It is an american automobile company. It was founded in 1908. Its headquarter is in Detroit.

    Production of GM: passenger cars and trucks in 35 countries.

    The number of sold cars: 9.8 million units

    Automobile brands: Alpheon, Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, Holden, Opel

    Cooperation:

    ●Fiat Auto SpA of Italy (brands Fiat, Alfa Romeo, Lancia, Ferrari, Maserati)

    ●Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd. *(Subaru)

    ● Isuzu Motors Ltd. (Design for commercial vehicles and diesel engines, the brand Isuzu)

    ● Suzuki Motor Corp. of Japan (Suzuki).

    2. Toyota Motor Corporation is japanese automobile company.

    Founded: 1937

    Headquarter: Toyota

    Production: passenger cars, trucks, commercial vehicles, buses,engines in 10 countries.

    The number of sold cars: 10.2 million units

    Automobile brands:Toyota, Lexus, Scion, Daihatsu, Hino.

    In Russia: Saint- Petersburg

    3. Volkswagen AG (VAG) is German automobile company.

    Founded: 1937

    Headquarter: Wolfsburg

    Production: passenger cars, trucks, buses, tractor units, motorcycles in 21 countries.

    The number of sold cars: 9.9 million units

    Automobile brands: Volkswagen, Audi, Seat, Bentley, Škoda, Bugatti, Lamborghini,

    Scania, Porsche, Ducati

    Cooperation: Suzuki Motor Company

    In Russia: Kaluga

    4. Daimler AG is german automobile company.

    Founded: 1886 (1926)

    Headquarter: Stuttgart,  Baden- Württemberg

    Production: passenger cars, trucks, buses, vans in 17 countries.

    The number of sold cars: 2.1 million units

    Automobile brands: Maybach, Mercedes-Benz,Smart.

    1. Ford Motor Company is an american automobile company

    Founded: 1903

    Headquarter: Dearborn, Michigan

    Production: passenger and commercial cars.

    The number of sold cars:  4,8 million units

    Automobile brands: Ford, Aston Martin, Jaguar, Lincoln,Mercury, Volvo и Mazda. 

    In Russia : Vsevolozhsk (Leningrad oblast)- Ford Focus, Ford Mondeo

    6. Nissan Motor Company Ltd is japanese automobile company.

    Founded: 1933

    Headquarter: Yokohama

    Production: passenger cars, trucks,commercial vehicles, forklift trucks

    The number of sold cars: 3.1million units

    Automobile brands: Nissan, Infiniti, Nismo, Datsun

    In Russia: Saint- Petersburg, Tolyatti

    7. Renault is french automobile company. 

    Founded: 1898

    Headquarter: Boulogne - Billancourt

    Production: passenger cars, commercial vehicles, engines in 15 countries

    The number of sold cars: 2.7 million units

    Automobile brands: Renault, Samsung, Dacia

    In Russia: Moscow

    8. Hyundai Motor Company is South Korean automobile company. 

    Founded: 1946

    Headquarter: Seoul

    Production: passenger cars, trucks, commercial vehicles,buses in 7 countries.

    The number of sold cars: 2.3 million units

    Automobile brands: Hyundai

    In Russia: Saint- Petersburg

    9.BMW AG(Bayerische Motoren Werke* AG) is german automobile company 

    Founded: 1916

    Headquarter: München

    Production: passenger cars, motorcycles, bicycles, engines in 10 countries.

    The number of sold cars: 2.1 million units

    Automobile brands: BMW, MINI, Rolls-Royce

    In Russia: Kaliningrad

    10. FIAT* Group (Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino- Итальянская автомобильная фабрика Турина ) is an italian automobile company. 

    Founded: 1899

    Headquarter: Turin

    Production: passenger cars, trucks, commercial vehicles, automotive parts,buses,

    agricultural and construction equipment, motorcycles in 15 countries

    The number of sold cars: 2.1 million units

    Automobile brands: Peugeot, Citroën

    Cooperation: Fiat, Ferrari, Maserati, Alfa Romeo, Lancia, Case Construction, Case, IVECO

    In Russia: Tolyatti

    11. Chrysler FCA US LLC (LLC- Limited liability company — ООО – Общество с ограниченной ответственностью) is an italian (american) automobile company. 

    Founded: 1924

    Headquarter: Auburn Hills, Michigan

    Production: passenger cars,trucks,crossovers, off-road vehicle, minivans, pickups in 17 countries.

    The number of sold cars: 1.4 million units

    Automobile brands: Chrysler, Dodge, Ram Trucks, Jeep, Fiat .

    12. Honda Motor Co. Ltd. is japanese automobile company. 

    Founded: 1948

    Headquarter: Tokio

    Production: passenger cars, motorcycles, engines

    The number of sold cars: 1.5 million units

    Automobile brands: Honda

    ТЕМА: ПРОМЫШЛЕННОЕ ОБОРУДОВАНИЕ.

    Задание 1 Прочитайте и переведите текст «Industrial Equipment» 

    The term industrial equipment covers a very wide range of devices. These can include everything from ball bearings and air tools to large bulldozers, cranes, cement mixers and backhoes and just about everything in between such as compressors, check valves, couplings, dollies and dust collectors. Basically, just about any type of device that is used in the industrial world could be considered to be industrial equipment. Some types of industrial equipment are operated by manual labor while others are power-generated.

    All types of tools and equipment devices have been developed and used by man since prehistoric times however the first forms of modern industrial equipment were born along with the Industrial Revolution, which took place in Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries. This major technological and cultural change introduced the world to machinery, which was created to replace and help make manual labor easier. Steam power and powered machinery was suddenly developed for the manufacturing world and with it came the first industrial metal machine tools and industrial equipment.

    As the industrial world began to grow new types of equipment and machinery were developed. These tools and equipment were designed to be powered by human and animal power along with such things as electrical, solar, nuclear and water energy. Some devices are operated manually while others such as robotics can be programmed to perform their functions automatically. Some types of equipment such as levers and hammers are simple tools while others such as hydraulic motors are pieces of complex machinery.

    While many articles of industrial equipment such as ladders, power tools, hand tools, heaters, generators, and compressors can be used around your home, office, cottage and garden, some devices are built to a much larger scale and are made specifically for use in industrial settings. Some of these articles include industrial heaters, industrial carts, industrial forklifts, industrial vacuum cleaners, industrial presses, industrial boilers, industrial ovens, industrial furnaces and industrial scales etc. However, no matter where you use them, the one thing that all articles of industrial equipment have in common is that they were built and designed to make manual labor become faster and easier.

     Задание 2. Составьте план текста (письменно)

    Задание 3. Заполните пропуски в предложениях (письменно)

    All types of tools and equipment …. have been developed and used by man since …. times however the first forms of …. industrial equipment were born along with the Industrial …., which took place in ... during the 18th and 19th centuries. This major ... and cultural change introduced the world to …., which was created to replace and help make …. labor easier. Steam power and powered machinery was …. developed for the manufacturing world and with it … the first industrial …. machine tools and industrial equipment.While many …. of industrial equipment such as ladders, power tools, hand tools, …., generators, and compressors can be use ….your home, office, cottage and …., some devices are built to a much …. scale and are made specifically for use in …. settings. Some of these articles include industrial heaters, industrial carts, industrial…., industrial …. cleaners, industrial presses, industrial boilers, industrial …., industrial furnaces and industrial …. etc. However, no matter where you use them, the one …. that all articles of industrial equipment have in ... is that they were built and designed to make manual labor…. faster and easier.