Презентация к внеклассному мероприятию по английскому языку "СПАСО-БОРОДИНСКИЙ МОНАСТЫРЬ".
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Лазарева Елена Витальевна

Презентация подготовлена учителем; коментарии к слайдам и обсуждение материала ведется на английском языке вместе с учащимися. Цель: ознакомить учащихся с историей создания и жизнью архитектурного памятника; научить учащихся выражать свое мнение об увиденном на английском языке; привить учащимся интерес и уважительное отношение к истрии Отечества.

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ПРЕЗЕНТАЦИЯ «СПАСО-БОРОДИНСКИЙ МОНАСТЫРЬ» Внеклассное мероприятие по английскому языку в рамках «Недели иностранных языков» Разработчик презентации : преподаватель английского языка ГБОУ НПО ПУ № 97 МО Лазарева Елена Витальевна

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To the north of the world-famous Borodino village there is Semionovskoe village, where there is the Convent of Savior in Borodino, founded by the widow of General A.A. Tuchkov IV – M.M. Tuchkova (1781-18 52) on the supposed place of her husband’s death in 1812 . It is absolutely unique among all Orthodox monasteries of Russia. It was the first monument in honor the Russian heroes of the Borodino battle of before the post-war period of XX century the largest war memorials in the country of those years. It was built on the initiative of Russian women, and mainly at the expense of women and elderly parents in memory of the dead husbands, brothers and sons. It is a symbol of inexhaustible good soul, a very rare personal courage and fortitude of Russian women break that - thanks to the Orthodox Church - cannot absolutely no blows of fate, this life is a beautiful testimony of M.M. Tuchkova - the first abbess of the convent of Savior in Borodino. In 1812, near the village Semionovskoe during the Battle of Borodino were Bagration’s flushes - the main building of the left flank of the Russian army, which have been under especially hard attacks of the French troops. The battle for the Bagration’s flushes was very severe and bloody. On the supposed place of her husband’s death in Bagration’s flushes, M.M. Tuchkova decided to construct a monument, first it was a wooden chapel, then in 1818-1820 it was rebuilt as stony church of Our Savior not man-made, exactly an icon of the Savior was an icon of the Revel Infantry Regiment .

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Construction of the convent lasted since1840 trill 1870. Many members of the royal family donated money for its construction. At that time, it was the largest monastery as a military memorial in Russia . From architectural and artistic positions the main dominant of the convent is the Cathedral of the Icon of the Holy Mother of Vladimir (1851-1859, architect M.D. Bykovsky’s project). This volume, high structure made of brick with a decor of white stone. In its architecture are synthesized methods of classicism, and the Byzantine style. This is a massive four-pillar five domed church in the shape of a cube placed on the basement. In the temple, the walls of the altar partially preserved paintings of academic school .


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Special attention in the monastery attracts temple and mausoleum (1817-1820) - The place where whole Tuchkov’s family is buried. It is a temple-tomb in honor of not man-made Our Savior of the Lord Jesus Christ. Its main shrine has become an icon of the Revel Regiment, which commander was A.A.Tuchkov. This temple-tomb was built on the initiative and to a large extent of M.M. Tuchkova, as well as the contribution of the Emperor Alexander I, the donations of many Russians, especially those whose husbands, children, relatives and friends were killed in the battle of Borodino. Preserved paintings and a wonderful bronze Empire style iconostasis, decorated with stampings of that same time. In front the entering temple -tomb on the grand staircase there are two cast iron tripods - cast iron lamps, which represent the bowl with fire, earlier near their base there were the pyramids of the cannon cores. Before the temple there is the obelisk (1912) in honor of the 3rd Division of P.P. Konovnitsyn heroically fought in the Battle of Borodino. This is a tall, thin, like a needle, four-sided obelisk made of polished red granite, built on money of P.P. Konovnitsyn’s descendants .

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Walls, a small bell tower, Exclusionary housing with the refectory and warm church of St. Filaret the Merciful were built at the expense of the Emperor Nicholas I (who called Borodino the “State place”); he visited the monastery in 1839. Refectory with a temple in the name of the holy Prophet John the Baptist (1874, architect Nikitin ) is a small building. The basis of this two-story building is the refectory hall, which is joined the west porch and the altar. The basis of the decor is domination of motives in pseudo-Russian style . Bell Tower (1839-1840) made as two squares, built of brick, has a white stone details, puttied .

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One- storey housings of cells, services, hospital, of old refectory and hotel are of not great artistic value. They have simple forms of the late Empire. The monastery buildings suffered greatly during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, specifically, from the battles of 1941-1942. In the monastery buildings worked evacuation hospital, and fascists organized here concentration camp during the occupation .


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Brick monastery wall with four corner towers and gates were built in the 1837-1839 years, in 1906, it was overbuilt. In the 1970-1980-ies were restored damaged parts of fence. The west wall with (its outside) involves fragments of sculptures from the Triumphal Arch in Moscow . Since the late 1820-ies M.M. Tuchkova lived permanently at Borodino in a wooden house at the church (it burned down in 1942, but it is restored now).This small wooden house was also built by the M.M. Tuchkova.

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An interesting historical monument is the monastery hotel, where in 1867 stayed the Count L. Tolstoy, he worked on the novel "War and Peace" and collecting materials for the description of the battle of Borodino at that time . In the monastery there is a small lake, where the font is arranged during celebration of the Holy Christening. They say that in these days water from all springs is blessed...


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