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    Герман Наталья Геннадьевна

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    The Press in Britain

    TRUE OR FALSE?

    1.        There are four types of newspapers in Britain:

    2.        Tabloids have lots of text.

    3.        The quality press is less popular than the tabloid press.

    4.        Tabloids are sold better than broadsheets

    5.        The differences between the tabloids and the broadsheets are breaking down.

    6.        The British press is not rich in magazines.

    7.        There are four types of magazines.

    8.        Young people prefer to read magazines.

    9.        Boys buy magazines more often than girls.

    10.        The main interests of the boys are pop music, clothes and make-up.

    FILL IN THE GAPS

    the headlines         divided into               national daily newspapers       quality press           The Daily Express            tabloid and broadsheet          not as popular as                            long articles                       breaking down            are aimed at            used to be cheaper     weekly and monthly          main interests

    Probably in no other country are there are such great differences between the various  1.______________- in the type of news they report and the way they report it.

    There are two types of newspapers in Britain: .2._________________ .

     The most popular daily newspapers, The Daily Mail, , The Sun,  3. _______. The Daily Mirror and The Daily Star are tabloids.  Tabloids have lots of stories about the Royal family, famous people, sport; the photos are large; 4. __________ are big and there is not much text.

     The tabloid press is much more popular than the  5. _________. Tabloids sell many more copies than broadsheets.

    Broadsheets, such as The Times, The Independent, The Financial Times are 6__. the tabloids.  Broadsheets have   7. __________with lots of information; some pages report international news; the photos and the headlines are smaller than in the tabloids.

    The differences between the tabloids and the broadsheets are   8. ___________.

     Broadsheets now realize that tabloids are easier to read and hold.  The Guardian, a broadsheet, now has a tabloid section.  Many of the broadsheets now have stories about famous people.

     Tabloids   9. ________than broadsheets, but The Times is now the cheapest national newspaper.

    The British are one of the biggest newspaper-reading nation in the world.

    There are also thousands of 10. __________ magazines in Britain.

     They can be   11. ___________four main categories: specialist magazines, such as the computer magazine PC Weekly; general magazines, such as the TV listings magazine Radio Times; women's magazines and teenage magazines.

    Young people below the age of 18 do not buy newspapers, but they do buy magazines.

     Many more girls than boys buy magazines.  Their  12. _________seem to be boys, pop music, clothes and make-up.  Teenage girls like reading magazines which   13. ________an older age group.  For example, Just Seventeen is not only the most popular magazine for 15-year-olds, it is also very popular with 12-year-olds.



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    Прочитайте отрывки из нескольких рассказов и установите соответствия между перечисленными названиями рассказов (0—5) и их героями (A—F). Каждая из характеристик встречается только в одном тексте.

    ABSTRACTS FROM      CHILDREN'S STORIES

    Decide in which story

    1. The main
      character was not
      happy about the
      place he lived in.
    2. The characters were
      not human.
    3. The main character
      felt lonely.
    4. The main character
      had only brothers
      and no sisters.
    5. The main character
      wouldn't play with
      other children.
    6. The main character

    liked to watch people in the neighbourhood.

    A.        The House Under the Floor

    Once a mouse family lived under the floor of a play-room. There was a mother mouse and a father mouse. There was a big sister mouse called Mouskin and a baby brother mouse called Little Mouse.

    B.        The Farm Girl

    Roberta, who was usually called Bobby, lived on a sheep farm. She was far from shops and schools and other girls, but she wasn't lonely because of her family, the animals and the cars. Her family was her father and mother and her four big brothers. Because there were five men in the family, all wanting to go to different places at different times, the backyard of the farm was filled with motor bikes and cars.

    С The Convenient Flat

    There was once a boy called James who lived with his father and grandmother in a flat in the city. His grandmother said that the flat was «convenient», and by this she meant it was close to the father's office, close to the shops in the city's main street, and close to the school as well. Indeed the school was just across the road, but James did not find it convenient at all. All his friends lived miles away and came to school in buses.

    D.        The Girl who Wanted to Know

    Katie Stephenson was curious about everything — curious about streets, gardens and houses. But most of all she was interested in people and the different ways they lived and the different things they had around them. Every person she met entertained her. For example, on the other side of the street Mrs Pope and Mrs Poole were walking together wearing similar coats. Next door Mrs Floyd was giving ice-cream to one of her twins. Katie wanted to see if the other twin got his ice-cream too.

    1. The Playground

    Linnet's house was next to the playground. Every day after school she stood for a while at the window watching the children in the playground and wishing to run out and join them. But she didn't because she was frightened of the swings, slides and roundabouts. Jim her brother and Alison her sister (who was a year younger than Linnet) were not frightened of the playground. Alison could fly down the slide with her arms held wide, laughing as she went.

    F.        New Friend

    Once there was a little boy called Sam. There were no other children in his family and Sam felt unhappy. He said to his mother, «Where can I find a friend?»

    His mother said, «Behind our house is a field. It is filled with grass and red poppies and cornflowers. There are ears of wild wheat. There are big brown and yellow butterflies. Go into the field, Sam. Perhaps you will find a friend there.



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    Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ

    ЗАДАНИЯ НА ПОНИМАНИЕ ОСНОВНОГО СОДЕРЖАНИЯ ПРОЧИТАННОГО ТЕКСТА

    2.1.1. Установите соответствие тем А-Н текстам 1-7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема — лишняя.

    A. Musical performance                       Е. Film for all agesооьлоооо

    B. Attractive landscape                       F. Exciting hobby

    C. Perfect holidays                                   G. Colourful festival

    D.  Portrait of a girl                                   H. Interesting book

    1. This is a full-length (ninety minutes) cartoon, which is entertaining for both adults and children over six. The animation and colour are of very high quality and the story has lots of fun and excitement. The plot is quick moving and full of surprises. There's romance, action, comedy, music and lots of fantastic songs and dances.
    2. This is a full-blooded magnificently written portrait of history's most fascinating woman. Readers will lose themselves for hours in this richly entertaining novel full of dramatic twists and turns. From the spectacular era that bears her name comes the spellbinding story of Elizabeth I — her tragic childhood, her confrontation with Mary, Queen of Scots and her brilliant reign.
    3. The young woman is shown in a "shepherdess" hat and white dress, recalling a classical chiton. The background landscape, common in such paintings, seems to indicate the heroine's closeness to nature, to the ordinary joys of life. The painter's colour range — at times as translucent as porcelain, at others muted like mother-of-pearl — is based upon subtle plays of gray and green, light blue and pink.
    4. In this picture one is struck by the artist's absolute mastery in portraying natural details, whether the dry, sandy soil of the forest, the clear stream of water in the foreground, the yellow bark and fluffy needles of the pines, or the sense of a bright, clear, calm summer day. The artist managed to create an image familiar to anyone who has seen a Russian forest.

    5.        Have a good time on the most lively and exciting island in the Caribbean. Relax under a palm tree on the white sandy beaches. Swim in the clear, blue sea. Listen to the bands playing Calypso music. Or get really adventurous and go scuba diving for sunken treasure on the sea bed. Join in the many cultural celebrations we offer, for example the sugar harvest festival.

    6.        This event is considered the greatest attraction for visitors to the Isle of Man. No definite date can be given, but it is normally held between 5th and 15th July. The Pageant begins at about 8 p.m. First we are given a glimpse of village life in Celtic times. Then suddenly Viking long ships appear and then there are scenes of war. Then Celts and Vikings unite, and the Manx nation is born. The actual Pageant is followed by a grand torchlight procession and firework display.

    7.        Do you like Latin American dancing? Do you want to dance like you see in the films and on the stage? Do you want to feel the rhythm of the music in your body and in your soul? Do you want to meet other people who have a love for the same music as you? If you have answered "Yes" to any of these questions, join our Latin dance classes on Thursday night between seven and ten. All are welcome.



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    Animal World of Australia

    1. Why do people kill them?

    2. What are their habitats?

    3. They eat poisonous leaves. Why do they not die?

    4. How big are their new-born babies?

    5. How do they look like?

    A.  Wallabies are from the kangaroo family. They get around by hopping and they raise the young in a pouch. They are great plant eatef*g, farmers often kill them. They want to save the grass for their sheep. Wallabies have also been killed for their fur.

    B.  This creature is often called a Koala "bear". It is not a bear! It is a marsupial, like kangaroos, raising its young in a pouch. The Koala is a plant eater, and almost all of its diet is made up of the leaves of eucalyptus trees. These leaves are poisonous, but the Koala has special substances in its stomach that neutralize the poison.

    С  The platypus is often seen in eastern Australia. In Tasmania the platypus is common in the lakes of the Central Highlands, and in rivers and streams of the south, southwest and northwest coasts. Platypus is not fast and prefers slow streams. It lives in a burrow on the banks.

    D.  Echidnas are 30—45 cm long and weigh 2—5 kg. The body, face and legs, is covered with cream coloured spines. These spines, which reach 50 mm in length, are in fact modified hairs. The fur of the Tasmanian species is thicker and longer than that of echidnas in warmer areas and often looks like the spines.

    E.  The Red Kangaroo travels in groups and feeds mainly on grass. It can speed along at 35 miles per hour, jump 10 feet high, and leap 30 feet. A baby kangaroo is born only about the size of a coin. It stays in his mother's pouch for 8 months. Young kangaroos will return to their mothers pouch even after they are old enough to feed on their own.

    F.  The lyrebird is one of the most elegant and graceful Australian birds. It often sings its own song but it can imitate different sounds too. It can sound like a squeaky wheel or a piano or a baby's cry! Unfortunately, many other beautiful Australian birds have got unpleasant voices!

    The Orangutan

    The orangutan was once found throughout Indochina, Malaysia and north to China, and possibly in India. In the past it was thought that the orangutan had also occurred in Africa. These animals are rare and inhabit the impenetrable forests of Borneo, Java and Sumatra, as well as those of Guinea and Congo.

    In historical times it has only been known to occur on Sumatra and Borneo. About 100 years ago it was present in most of the rainforest areas on these islands; but it was never found in large numbers. It declined greatly after the leaving of the Dutch and the British after World War II. Its population in Sumatra declined 20—30% from the 1930's to the 1980's, and the species is now found only in the northern part of that island. The Sumatran orangutan is thought to have declined by more than 50% in the last eight years.

    The major threats for the orangutan have always been capture for the pet and zoo trade, especially the capture of young, which usually involved killing the mother; and habitat loss, especially through conversion to plantations and for logging.

    The orangutan is found in tropical, swamp and mountain forests. In Sumatra, orangutans are largely lowland animals. About 60% of the orangutan's diet consists of fruit, including lychees, mangoes and figs, young leaves and shoots, but it also eats insects, mineral-rich soil, tree bark and woody lianas and eggs and small vertebrates. Much of their water is taken from the fruit in their diet, but it is also drunk from tree holes.

    The orangutan is arboreal and diurnal, with peaks of activity in the morning and late afternoon. It uses tools for gathering fruit and insects for food. An orangutan utilizes twigs and branches to construct a large nest-platform in a tree where it sleeps in at night. It usually makes a new nest each night but sometimes reuses one.

    Usually only one young is born at a time. Occasionally twins are born. Time between births is generally 7—9 years. A female orangutan can produce at most four surviving young over a lifetime. Young orangutans are carried by the mother when they travel until they are 4 years old.

    Orangutans are very poor dispersers in non-forest habitat, shunning these areas except in extreme discomfort. It can live up to 45 years in the wild and 59 years in captivity.

    17. The orangutan lived...

    1. all over the world;

    2. everywhere except Indochina, Malaysia, j China and India;

    3. nowhere except Indochina, Malaysia, China and India;

    4. only in Africa.

    18. The orangutan usually lives...

    1. in great numbers;

    2. alone;

    3- in small groups;

    4. in couples

    19 The major threats for the orangutan are... 

    1. capture for food and skins;

    2. constructions of human houses and taking to the zoo;

    3- hunting and climatic changes;

    4- illnesses and lack of food.

    20. The orangutan eats...

    1. meat and fish;

    2. eggs and milk of small animals;

    3. leaves and grass;

    4. different kinds of food.

     21 The orangutan... 

    1. is not clever in using tools;

    2. is very clever in using tools;

    3. doesn't use any tools at all;

    4. uses human tools to get food.



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    English Idioms Test

    Task 1

    1. cost a pretty penny                                 a) не уступить
    2. a milestone                                             б) переусердствовать
    3. to have tones of something                     в) семейное древо
    4. in for a penny, in for a pound                 г) быть ограниченным в    
    5. to gild the lily                                         д) дорого стоить
    6. to beat about the bush                             е) зануда
    7. to put down the roots                              ё) нет людей без недостатков
    8. to paint the town red                               ж) событие, веха
    9. a castle in Spain                                      з) иметь много чего-либо
    10. to take the wrong turning                        и) шумно отпраздновать
    11. to be hedged in                                        к) взялся за гуж, не говори, что не дюж
    12. There is no rose without a thorn             л) водить за нос
    13. a family tree                                            м) обосноваться
    14. a thorn in the flesh                                  н) принять неверное решение
    15. not to budge an inch                               о) привлекательная, но неосуществимая идея

                                                             Task 2

    1. I am afraid he will drop a brick in her presence.
    2. She will go round the bend until he wins in the competition.
    3. The task was just up his street.
    4. Jack did not work in the main office in London, he worked in a branch office in Brighton
    5. I hope this meeting will lay the foundation of our cooperation.
    6. John understood that he could not get a quart into a pint pot.
    7. He is every inch a gentleman.
    8. Mary is penny wise, pound foolish.

    English Idioms Test

    Task 1

    1. cost a pretty penny                                     a) не уступить

    2. a milestone                                                 б) переусердствовать

    3. to have tones of something                         в) семейное древо

    4. in for a penny, in for a pound                     г) быть ограниченным в    

    5. to gild the lily                                             д) дорого стоить

    6. to beat about the bush                                 е) зануда

    7. to put down the roots                                  ё) нет людей без недостатков

    8. to paint the town red                                   ж) событие, веха

    9. a castle in Spain                                          з) иметь много чего-либо

    10. to take the wrong turning                          и) шумно отпраздновать

    11. to be hedged in                                          к) взялся за гуж, не говори, что не дюж

    12. There is no rose without a thorn               л) водить за нос

    13. a family tree                                              м) обосноваться

    14. a thorn in the flesh                                     н) принять неверное решение

    15. not to budge an inch                                  о) привлекательная, но неосуществимая идея

                                                             Task 2

    1. I am afraid he will drop a brick in her presence.

    2. She will go round the bend until he wins in the competition.

    3. The task was just up his street.

    4. Jack did not work in the main office in London, he worked in a branch office in Brighton

    5. I hope this meeting will lay the foundation of our cooperation.

    6. John understood that he could not get a quart into a pint pot.

    7. He is every inch a gentleman.

    8. Mary is penny wise, pound foolish.



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    TEST  2. Participles

    1. Use the words in brackets to complete the sentences below

    1. The stranger's …..face was kind and I smiled back.                                                        (smile)
    2. The news …..by my friend was exciting: we would go to Kostroma for a day .             (bring)
    3. Football …..all over the world is one of the best ….games.                                             (play, love)
    4. At 9 o'clock the …….work was lying on my boss's desk .                                               (finish)
    5. Tom's parents were …and ….and the boy had a very happy childhood.                          (love, care)
    6. Have you noticed the ………kitchen window? I wonder who's done it.                           (broke)
    7. Jane's last words ………into my ear were, "I'll always remember you."                        (whisper)
    8. The class was busy…….. There was no sound except the sound of turning pages           (working, )
    9. The trees …..in front of the school were ……to us as a present.                                       (grow, give)
    1. I love to look at ……..children.                                                                                         (play)
    2. The picture …….by my little brother is a portrait of our family.                                     (draw)
    3. The …….leaves soon covered everything in our little garden.                                          (fall)

    2. Choose the right variant.

    1. English is the main foreign language which______within most school systems.

            a)   taught                         b) teaching

    2.  We usually eat vegetables ... in the market.

     a) buying                           b) bought

    3. The film ... on Channel I at prime time was watched by millions of TV viewers.

    a) showing                        b) shown  

    4. 1 don't  mind______out.

           a)  eaten                            b) eating

    5. We had a wonderful time……..about Italy.

    a) travelling                           b) travelled

    6. The question ... by the child surprised the grown-ups

    a)  asking                         b) asked

    7. People ... English have better possibilities to find a good job.

    a)  speaking                      b) spoken

    8. How can I love someone ... my birthday?

    a)   forgetting                   b) forgotten  

    9. Children ... a lot of junk food put their health at risk.

    a) eating                          b) eaten

    10. Some parents enjoy______their children what to do.

         a) telling                           c)  told

    3. Translate into English

    1) Она занимается танцами.

    2) Мы отлично провели время, катаясь на коньках.

    3) Я не прочь сходить в магазин.

    4) Ты не будешь против, если я открою окно?

    5) Том занимался лыжным спортом, когда жил в горах.

     6) Ты не против, если я закрою дверь?

    7) у меня были трудности с переводом текста об истории журналистики.

     8) Она смотрела на него и продолжала плакать.

    9) Я не люблю смотреть телевизор.

    10) Джек никогда не увлекался верховой ездой.



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    CAREER PROSPECTS

    13. Match the words and expressions in the left column with their Russian equivalents in the right column.

    1. to apply for a job

    a)

    получить продвиже-

    2. to take a job

    ние по службе

    3. to earn money

    b)

    хорошо владеть ка-

    4. to make promo-

    кой-либо профессией

    tion

    c)

    получить работу

    5. to retire

    d)

    работать по сменам

    6. a notice

    e)

    подавать заявление о

    7. to be dismissed

    приеме на работу

    8. to hire smb.

    f)

    нанимать кого-либо

    9. to feel at home

    на работу

    in a job

    g)

    работать сверхуроч-

    10. to be unem-

    но

    ployed

    h)

    выходить на пенсию

    11. to do overtime

    i)

    быть уволенным

    12. to work in shifts

    j)

    зарабатывать деньги

    k)

    быть безработным

    1)

    уведомление об уволь-

    нении

    Use these words and expressions in your own sentences.

    14.  Translate the following expressions into Rus-

    sian.

    1. a demanding job; 2. a full-time job; 3. a part-time job; 4. a boring job; 5. clerical work; 6. manual worker; 7. a steady job; 8. a challenging job; 9. a legal profession; 10. a 9-to-5 job; 11. a job interview.


    15*. Complete this bubble-network for the word job as in the example. Use the given words. There are some extra words that you do not need to use.

    1. a calling; 2. a partner; 3. a career; 4. a means of livelihood; 5. a vocation: 6. an occupation; 7. a profession; 8. an employment; 9. a business: 10. an interview; 11. a trade; 12. a fee; 13. work; 14. an employer

    16*. Cross out one word in each line that does not fit into the line.

    1. a payment; a salary; a wage; expenses
    2. an employee; a co-worker; a companion; a col
      league
    3. to retire; to take a job; to leave a job; to quit a
      job
    4. a boring job; a challenging job; an interesting
      job; an inspiring job
    5. a post; a vacation; an appointment; a position
    6. curriculum vitae; a letter of application; a refer
      ence; a recommendation



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    Gerund / infinitive Test 1

      Put the verb in brackets into correct  form, gerund or infinitive.

    A) to + verb B) verb + -ing

    1. I'm thinking of (go) to Brazil.

    2. You cannot live without (do) such stupid things.

    3. He isn't good at (drive) his car.

    4. Try to avoid (lose) your temper.

    5. He seems (know) everything about it.

    6. It's no use (cry) over spilt milk.

    7. Would you mind (repeat) your threat?

    8. You should practise (say), "Red little lorry, yellow little lorry."

    9. It's useless (argue) with him. He won't listen to any reason.

    10. They were advised (take) a packed lunch.

    11. Do you think it's worth (see) this film?

    12. If you want (lose) weight, try (eat) less.

    13. It's forbidden (smoke) here.

    14. I'm not keen on (work) late.

    15. I'm not very fond of (shop).

    16. He managed (calm) her by promising to return soon.

    Gerund / infinitive Test 2

    Put the verb in brackets into correct form, gerund or infinitive.

    A) to + verb В) verb + -ing

    1. Why don't you stop (watch) TV? I don't think it's harmless.

    2. Please try (come) a little bit earlier next time.

    3. I don't remember (see) Tom.

    4. I've forgotten (buy) cheese. Let's go without it.

    5. She regrets (tell) you that lie about John.

    6. I don't think this work needs (correct).

    7. They stopped (discuss) where to go now.

    8. If you want to have a lot of money, try (rob) a bank.

    9. The boys went on (look for) the money they'd lost.

    10. I'll never forget (visit) Paris.

    11. After describing the situation in general, he went on (talk) about details.

    12. She regrets (say) she won't come to you.

    13. Shall I help you (carry) that box?

    14. Did you remember (say) good-bye to everybody?

    15. He didn't need (be reminded) about his promise.

    16. We can't help laughing (look) at them.