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    Дистанционное обучение 08.04.2020

    Сидельникова Татьяна Владимировна

    Задания для студентов АПК

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    !!! После каждого теоретического материала даны задания, которые вам необходимо выполнить и отправить мне на электронную почту Sidelnickova.tania@yandex.ru до 09.04.2020

    Тема : «Роль научно-технического прогресса в мировом значении». Scientific and Technological Progress .

    Ознакомьтесь с текстом.

    It"s difficult to overestimate the role of science and technology in our life. They accelerate the development of civilization and help us in our co-operation with nature.

    Scientists investigate the laws of the universe, discover the secrets of nature, and apply their knowledge in practice improving the life of people. Let"s compare our life nowadays with the life of people at the beginning of the 20th century. It has changed beyond recognition. Our ancestors hadn"t the slightest idea of the trivial things created by the scientific progress that we use in our every day life. I mean refrigerators, TV sets, computers, microwave ovens, radio telephones, what not.

    They would seem miracles to them that made our life easy, comfortable and pleasant. On the other hand, the great inventions of the beginning of the 20th century, I mean radio, airplanes, combustion and jet engines have become usual things and we can"t imagine our life without them. A century is a long period for scientific and technological progress, as it"s rather rapid. Millions of investigations the endless number of outstanding discoveries have been made. Our century has had several names that were connected with a certain era in science and technology. At first it was called the atomic age due to the discovery of the splitting of the atom. Then it became the age of the conquest of space when for the first time in the history of mankind a man overcame the gravity and entered the Universe. And now we live in the information era when the computer network embraces the globe and connects not only the countries and space stations but a lot of people all over the world. All these things prove the power and the greatest progressive role of science in our life.

    Допишите свои ответы

    https://urok.1sept.ru/%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8C%D0%B8/647420/img1.gif

    Ответить на вопросы используя слова в рамке (письменно):

    https://urok.1sept.ru/%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8C%D0%B8/647420/img2.gif

    1. What computer system makes it possible to send letters very quickly?
    2. What system allows computer users around the world to send and to obtain information?
    3. What programs provide colorful pictures and sound?
    4. What is the name of a computer-created “world”, which seems almost completely real?
    5. What is a special term, which means “to obtain stored information from a computer’s memory”?
    6. What do we call a disk on which a large quantity of information can be stored?
    7. What do you call a sudden, unexpected computer failure?
    8. What is the term for the electrical or electronic components of a computer?
    9. What do we call a large collection of data that is stored in a computer system?
    10. What is the term for a set of instructions secretly put into a computer that destroys the information stored in it and stops it from working normally?
    11. Where on the Internet can you look for information about products and services offered by a company or organization?
    12. What is WWW?
    13. What store of information can you easily put into your pocket?
    14. What do we call a set of computer programs to control the operation of a computer?
    15. What kind of computer can you use on the plane?

    Подставьте по смыслу слова из рамки на место пропуска.

    https://urok.1sept.ru/%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8C%D0%B8/647420/img3.gif

    For me, computers are a (1) _________ to an end, nothing (2)_________ . I don’t find them interesting in (3) __________ . They enable me to do things that I need to do, (4) ________ as sending emails or checking information on websites to help me (5) __________ my homework or connected to one of my hobbies. But (6) __________ my sister the situation is (7) ________ different. It’s like you can’t believe we’re (8) ___________ related. She is obsessed with computers. I don’t understand, but that’s the truth.

    Тема: «Преимущества и недостатки научно-технического прогресса»

    Прочитайте  текст и ответьте письменно на вопросы после него. Жду ваши работы по эл. адресу.

    Scientific and technical progress

    The basis of scientific and technical progress of today is new informational technology which is very different from all the previous technologies. Thanks to up-to-date software and robots new informational technologies can make many processes much faster and transmit information more quickly. It is important today because the quantity of information grows rapidly.
    New informational society has its peculiarities. Firstly, more and more employees work in the sphere of service and information. Secondly, more and more huge databases appear to collect and store the information. And finally, information and IT become goods and start playing important part in the country's economy.
    These processes affect social structures and values.
    It becomes important to learn to get new knowledge quickly and sometimes to change your qualification. IT can first lead to unemployment, but later create even more workplaces especially for highly qualified professionals. While the hardest work can be performed by robots and routine calculations by computers, in the future people with the most creative mind and numerous fresh ideas will get better career chances.
    On one hand technology development gives more access to professional and cultural information and leads to new forms of individual enterprises. But on the other hand there is a danger of total control of private life unless special laws are enforced by the government.
    Another danger is «intellectual terrorism» when computer viruses block important programs.
    There are other directions of technical and scientific progress of today.
    One of them is the development of new ecologically clean sources of energy using sun, gravitation, winds or rain. New kind of transports and new agricultural methods that do not harm our nature are being developed today.
    Breakthroughs in science have led to creation of artificial viruses for new medicines and products, body organs for transplantation and productive soils for growing vegetables and crops. Many new materials and technologies are being used in our everyday life.
    All these innovations may have influence on our life, social relations and globally on our Earth.
    The influence can be very different: from psychological and health problems of children who spend too much time online to an opportunity to prevent genetic diseases for future generations.
    But the most difficult problems the humanity faces are global problems.
    The first and foremost is ecological problem: pollution of air, water and soil, exhaustion of natural resources. Renewable natural resources such as oxygen, forests, flora and fauna do not have enough time to regenerate. This leads to different changes in climate and nature such as depletion of ozone layer and other things that has not been properly studied by scientists yet.
    Other crucial problems include wars, epidemics, and demographic problems.
    The only way to solve them is to work globally and in cooperation with other countries. And here the humanity should find a way to use new technologies for the common good. The solution of these problems cannot be postponed because otherwise people will have fewer chances to survive on this planet.


    Answer the questions
    1. Why is IT progress different from other progresses?
    2. What are the peculiarities of information society?
    3. What is the role of information in this society?
    4. According to the text who will have better career chances in the near future and why?
    5. What are the possible dangers of wide access to information?
    6. What ecologically clean sources of energy do you know?
    7. How can scientific innovations influence our everyday life?
    8. What are the key problems that humanity faces today?
    9. How can these problems be solved?
    10. What ecological problems are mentioned in the text?
    11. What are the benefits of the scientific and technical progress?
    12. What are the drawbacks of the scientific and technical progress?
    13. Find in the text synonyms to the words «new», «fast», «important» and «to send». Can you think of other synonyms to these words?
    14. Translate the underlined words and use them in your own sentences.

    Соедините слово и перевод (письменно)

    development -                      вредить, наносить
    to enforce -                            генетический
    to face -                                   приводить в силу (закон)
    genetic -                                  сталкиваться
    to harm -                                развитие

    Выучите слова

    access - доступ
    affect - влиять
    breakthrough - открытие, достижение, научный прорыв
    calculation - вычисление
    common good - общее благо
    crops - зерновые культуры
    crucial - важнейший, ключевой крушиал
    database –базаданных дейтебейз
    development - развитие
    to enforce - зд. приводить в силу (закон)
    to face - сталкиваться
    genetic - генетический
    to harm - вредить, наносить вред
    highly qualified – высококвалифицированный кволифайд
    humАnity - человечество
    to lead - вести к чему-то
    otherwise - иначе, в противном случае
    peculiarities - особенности пекьюляритиз
    postpone - откладывать, переносить (во времени)
    properly - как следует, должным образом
    quantity - количество
    rapidly - быстро
    to regenerate - восстанавливаться, возрождаться
    renewable natural resources - возобновляемые природные ресурсы
    routine - обычный, стандартный рутИин
    software - программное обеспечение
    to solve a problem - решать проблему
    solution - решение
    source - источник
    survive - выживать
    transmit - передавать, переслать
    unemployment - безработица
    up-to-date - новейший, современный
    values – ценности



    Предварительный просмотр:

    !!! После каждого теоретического материала даны задания, которые вам необходимо выполнить и отправить мне на электронную почту Sidelnickova.tania@yandex.ru до 14.04.2020

    Тема занятия: «Моя повседневная жизнь». «My daily life»

    1 Прочитайте и выучите незнакомые для Вас слова

    Бытовые моменты (новые слова)

    • 1) wake up [weɪk ʌp] просыпаться
    • 2) get up [ɡɛt ʌp] вставать
    • 3) have/take a shower [hæv/teɪk a ˈʃaʊə] принимать душ
    • 4) brush my teeth [brʌʃ maɪ tiːθ] чистить зубы
    • 5) comb my hair [kəʊm maɪ hɛə] расчесывать волосы
    • 6) have breakfast/ dinner [hæv ˈbrɛkfəst/ˈdɪnə] завтракать/обедать
    • 7) come home [kʌm həʊm] приходить домой
    • 8) go to college [ɡəʊ tə ˈkɒlɪdʒ ] идти в колледж
    • 9) do my homework [do maɪ ˈhəʊmwɜːk] делать домашнюю работу
    • 10) go to bed [ɡəʊ tə bɛd] идти спать
    • 11) wash my face and hands [wɒʃ maɪ feɪs ænd hændz ] умывать руки и лицо
    • Досуг (новые слова)
    • 12) watch TV [wɒtʃ ˌtiːˈviː] смотреть телевизор
    • 13) play computer games [pleɪ kəmˈpjuːtə ɡeɪmz] играть в компьютерные игры
    • 14) play football/ basketball [pleɪ ˈfʊtbɔːl/ˈbɑːskɪtbɔːl] играть в футбол/баскетбол
    • 15) ride a bike [raɪd ə baɪk] кататься на велосипеде
    • 16) play thе guitar/the piano [pleɪ ðiː ɡɪˈtɑː/pɪˈænəʊ] играть на гитаре/пианино
    • 17) go to the cinema/club [ɡəʊ tə ðiː ˈsɪnɪmə] идти в кино/клуб
    • 18) walk with my friends [wɔːk wɪð maɪ frɛndz]гулять с друзьями

    Когда мы говорим о наших повседневных делах мы используем время Present Simple.Давайте вспомним как оно образовывается.

    Правило образования Present Simple

    Present Simple – это простое настоящее время. Оно обозначает действие, которое мы делаем каждый день, всегда, обычно, часто и т.д.

    Наречия и словосочетания, которые часто употребляются в PresentSimple (Повторение)


    1) always

    [ˈɔːlw(ɛ)ɪz]

    всегда

    2) every day

    [ˈɛvrɪ deɪ]

    каждый день

    3) every morning

    [ˈɛvrɪ ˈmɔːnɪŋ]

    каждое утро

    4) every evening

    [ˈɛvrɪ ˈiːvnɪŋ]

    каждый вечер

    5) every week

    [ˈɛvrɪ wiːk]

    каждая неделя

    6) every month

    [ˈɛvrɪ mʌnθ]

    каждый месяц

    7) every year

    [ˈɛvrɪ jɪə,]

    каждый год

    8) usually

    [ˈjuːʒ(ə)lɪ]

    обычно

    9) often

    [ˈɒf(t)ən]

    часто

    10) never

    [ˈnɛvə]

    никогда

    Составьте 5 предложений по таблице.

    Example. I usually have breakfast every morning.

    I

    She, he

    They, we

    Mary, Sam

    My friend

    Tom and Tim

    My sister, brother

    usually

    always

    never

    often

    cook

    have

    watch

    brush

    wash

    play

    go

    breakfast

    dinner

    supper

    TV

    computer games

    tennis

    football

    (my/her...т.д.) face and hands

    teeth

    in (my/her...т.д.) room

    in the kitchen

    in the bathroom

    to the cinema

    to college

    to school

    to bed

    every day

    every week

    every month

    every morning

    every evening

    in the morning

    in the evening

    after

    school


     Переведите предложения.

    1) Моя мама всегда готовит завтрак по утрам. 2) Я часто играю в теннис с Мери после школы. 3) Moи друзья и я обычно ходим в кино каждый месяц. 4) Сэм часто катается на велосипеде. 5) Она встает в семь утра каждый день. 6) Ее брат каждый вечер играет на пианино.

    Дополните предложения.

    1. He usually … up at 6.00 o’clock in the morning.
    2. I … lunch at school.
    3. In my family we usually … dinner at about 5m.
    4. I … to bed late.
    5. She always … her teeth before she goes to bed.
    6. On Sunday, Kate goes … with her.
    7. In the evening we often … to the radio.
    8. My mother likes to … a bath.

    Прочитайте текст и ответы на вопросы:

    Hi! My name’s Jane and I’m a secretary at a big company. Every morning I get up at 8 o’clock and have a shower. Then I have breakfast, get dressed and go to work. At work I send e-mails and answer telephone calls. At 12 o’clock I have lunch. I finish work at 18 o’clock and go home. At work I have dinner, surf the Internet and go to bed.

    My weekend is much more interesting. On Saturday I usually do sports and go out with my best friend. Her name is Alice. We like to go to the cinema together. Sometimes we go to an art gallery or to a museum.

    On Sunday I always spend time with my family. We watch TV together and talk. Sometimes my father plays the guitar.

    I like my Sundays and Saturdays!

    1. What does Jane do in the morning?
    2. What does Jane do at work?
    3. What does Jane do on Saturday?
    4. Where do Jane and Alice do together?
    5. What does Jane’s father do on Sunday?
    6. Does Jane like her Sundays?

    Тема: «Общение с друзьями».

    Сегодня мы рассмотрим тему общения и дружбы. Для начала перейдите по ссылке и посмотрите видео.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eq_iKF9rBNk

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vaCnlzl18K4

    Далее вы должны найти пары (качества персонажей и их определения). Не забудьте отправить выполненные задания своему педагогу на почту!!!

    loyal

    Верный

    Firm in their support for a person

    selfish

    Самолюбивый

    Caring only about themselves

    aggressive

    Агрессивный

    Angry and violent

    patient

    Терпеливый

    Calm, not easily annoyed

    respected

    Уважаемый

    Admired and considered

    dedicated

    Преданный

    Devoted and enthusiastic

    mean

    Недоброжелательный

    Unkind to another person

    caring

    Заботливый

    Affectionate, helpful and sympathetic

    jealous

    Ревнивый

    Angry or bitter about something

    creative

    Творческий

    Able to invent and develop original ideas

    trusting

    Доверчивый

    Honest and sincere

    dishonest

    Нечестный

    Not truthful, cannot be trusted

    supportive

    Поддерживающий

    кого-либо

    Kind and helpful during difficult or unhappy times

    moody

    Капризный

    Angry or depressed without any warning

    Well-meaning

    Действующий из лучших побуждений

    Unsuccessful when trying to be helpful or kind

    Вставьте по смыслу слова и переведите предложения.

    Fill in the words: loyal, patient, moody, dishonest, jealous.

    1. John cannot be trusted. He is very …. .

    2. He goes to all of his team’s matches. He is a …. fan.

    3. Sara is a good teacher. She is very …. and kind.

    4. She never says anything nice to her. I think she is …. of her.

    5. One minute she is happy and the next she is sad. She is quite …. .

    Напишите рядом в колонке прилагательное.

    noun

    adjective

    verb

    adjective

    Beauty

    beautiful

    Care

    Aggression

    Act

    Dream

    Create

    Self

    Trust

    Fun

    Annoy

    passion

    fear