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    Дистанционное обучение 21.04.2020

    Сидельникова Татьяна Владимировна

    Задания для студентов АПК

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    !!! После каждого теоретического материала даны задания, которые вам необходимо выполнить и отправить мне на электронную почту Sidelnickova.tania@yandex.ru до 24.04.2020

    Тема: Взаимоотношения внутри коллектива. Взаимоотношения между руководством и сотрудниками».

    Практически в любом рабочем коллективе существуют отношения «Начальник — подчиненный». Профессиональные взаимоотношения — это очень важная часть деятельности трудового коллектива. Каждый работник должен выполнять какую-либо функцию для успешного рабочего процесса. Сегодня в ходе урока мы рассмотрим взаимоотношения людей на работе.

    Наша сегодняшняя таблица состоит всего лишь из нескольких категорий — фразы, существительные, несколько глаголов и парочка прилагательных, поэтому запомнить ее будет очень легко. Изучайте, повторяйте, запоминайте перевод и написание каждого слова с помощью данной таблицы, чтобы полностью овладеть курсом и уметь легко рассказать о том, где вы работаете и какие у вас взаимоотношения с коллегами, начальником или подчиненными.

    Рабочие взаимоотношения

    Фразы

    Кто босс (хозяин, главный)?

    Who is the boss?

    Мой начальник (управляющий)

    my supervisor

    Я работаю в/на…

    I work at …

    Существительные (Nouns)

    хозяин

    boss

    компания

    company (business)

    сотрудники

    co-workers

    команда, экипаж, бригада

    crew

    оборудование

    equipment

    пожарник/пожарники

    fireman/firemen

    горючее, топливо, бензин

    fuel

    владелец

    owner

    ремонтный пункт

    pit

    остановка для ремонта

    pit stops

    (девятое) место

    (ninth) place

    гонки

    race

    правила

    regulations

    ремонт

    repairs

    правила, нормы

    rules

    секунда

    second

    спонсор

    sponsor

    покрышки, шины

    tires

    трек, путь, дорога

    track

    водитель

    driver

    руководитель, начальник

    supervisor

    Прилагательные (Adjectives)

    опасный

    dangerous

    технический

    technical

    Глаголы (Verbs)

    исполнять роль, представлять

    to perform

    звучать

    to sound

    объяснять

    to explain

    обслуживать (здесь)

    to serve

    руководить, направлять

    to supervise

    ЗАДАНИЕ:

    1. Допишите диалог

    — Where do you work?
    — I work at … (и называйте место своей работы).
    — Who is your boss?
    — My boss is … (и называйте имя своего босса).
    — Are you a supervisor?
    — Yes, I am. /No, I am not.

    — Do you have a sponsor?
    — Yes, I do. /No, I do not.
    — Who is your supervisor?
    — My supervisor is … (и называйте имя своего начальника).
    — Name one of your co-workers.
    — One of my co-workers is … (и называйте имя своего сотрудника).

    2. Переведите на английский язык и запишите предложения в тетрадь:

    • Я работаю на фабрике
    • Я работаю в офисе
    • Я — рабочий
    • Я — не начальник
    • Мой босс — Питер Смит
    • Он очень хороший человек
    • Мой руководитель хороший человек
    • Мои подчиненные хорошие работники
    • Мои коллеги соблюдают правила

    3. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

    Рабочее отношение внутри коллектива.
    Not any person works with pleasure in collective. Its time any team which sounded in its address irritates and oppresses. But cruel laws of reality most of people force to be employed in offices, to get a job on the enterprises.The German economists considered that the medium-sized German enterprise loses about hundred thousand brands as a result of subversive activities of the workers who are negatively influencing inside labor relations of collective. But it is necessary to recognize that good experts become disturbers of tranquillity not seldom.

    Всезнайка.
    Life at it isn't simple. Its self-assessment will fail if it don't recognize the most smart and all-knowing. The know-it-all it is surrounded by people who envy it and which try to humiliate with any method its advantage. He often doesn't want to recognize the errors and will argue with foam at a mouth and to prIn principle it is the good worker therefore he should give the chance to save the face and to get out of the situation with honor. For this purpose it is necessary to praise at first it, and then to make the constructive proposalsove the case.
    Завистник.
    Among the people surrounding it he always sees competitors. The envious person will be externally friendly, will always greet. But only you won't be on the horizon, it will try to blacken you in the opinion of people around. And to these does you irreparable harm. Won't entrust you an important post or operation.

    In case of detection of responsible, often don't pay attention to the envious person, in a type of its good masking. And when it was succeeded to reveal it, it is necessary to carry out open talk. Naturally he never admits the acts. Strongly it isn't necessary to press on it. It is necessary to let to it know that you believed it. After a while you pay attention that hearings ceased.

    Циник.
    It is difficult to be in collective when on all your expressions and sentences such words are heard: it's totally ludicrous or you drivel. Also starts giving advice as correctly to make everything. Not seldom starts tapping on the shoulder and from shares of irony doesn't advise it to do.

    If you are sure of the correctness, be not afraid to stop at nothing. It is necessary to talk to the cynic by his methods. No delicate talk will help here. He starts raising the voice, and you smile and quietly argue the point of view.

    The cynic shows respect for the strong people and starts listening.
    Консерватор.
    The word says that such type of workers the opponent of all new. He got used to live quietly and you will convince of inexpediency of new ideas.
    Don't catch its pessimism, you steer clear of it.
    Кипучий.
    To cause rage in people of this kind as easy as shelling pears. Cries and shouts about dismissal it will express the disagreement. At its presence workers feel not really comfortably.

    As a rule, such people aren't sure of themselves, and their aggressive behavior by no other than the form of self-defense. It is senseless to shout at it, wait his anger better and you speak quietly and slowly. Such behavior you will calm and at the same time you will puzzle the vigorous worker.
    Зануда.
    It always selects to itself(himself) the specific victim. Starts wandering from the desktop to the desktop, complaining of unfortunate life, of a situation in the country and in collective.

    Be not frank with such type of people. Be not curious, differently he quickly will understand that you that person to whom he can complain.

    Before starting selecting a line of conduct, think and take a detached view of yourself, maybe, you simply are negative to this person. For the sake of check it is possible to observe some time how the collective treats it. If you see that employees with it communicate with pleasure also it soul of collective then you have to this worker simply personal antipathy.



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    !!! После каждого теоретического материала даны задания, которые вам необходимо выполнить и отправить мне на электронную почту Sidelnickova.tania@yandex.ru до 24.04.2020

    ТЕМА: «Образование в Великобритании. Роль образования в нашей жизни»

    Лексика по теме:

    1. Kinds of School  (Типы учебных заведений):

    1. primary school – начальная школа
    2. secondary (high) school – средняя школа
    3. higher school – высшее учебное заведение
    4. comprehensive school – общеобразовательная школа
    5. a school, specializing in — школа, специализирующаяся на
    6. gymnasium — гимназия
    7. lyceum – лицей
    8. technical school — техникум
    9. college — колледж

    School Curriculum & School Subjects ( Учебный план и предметы):

    1. timetable — расписание (on the timetable)
    2. curriculum — учебный план
    3. term – четверть
    4. academic year –  учебный год
    5. at the end of each term… — в конце четверти
    6. obligatory — обязательный
    7. optional – факультативный
    8. lesson of Chemistry = Chemistry lesson — урок химии
    9. learn (study) different subjects — изучать различные предметы
    10. advanced mathematics – углубленный курс математики
    11. Science — точные науки
    12. The Humanities — предметы гуманитарного цикла
    13. study Science/ the Humanities — изучать предметы научного / гуманитарного цикла
    14. attend the optional (elective) class in ….. – необязательный, факультативный

    Учебные предметы на английском языке: Maths, Algebra, Geometry, Russian, English, Biology, Geography, History, Literature, Chemistry, Botany, a foreign language, Physics, PE (Physical Education), Design and Technology (технология), Information Technology, Mechanical Drawing, Social Science / Social Studies  (обществоведение), Art, World Culture (МХК), Economics, Handicraft (ТРУД): (Cooking, Needlework,Woodwork, Metal work).

    Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

    The British system of education has a very long history, but in the recent years there have been many changes in it. Now the Educational Reform Act has led to a compulsory National Curriculum for pupils aged 5 to 16 in state schools. It consists of English, Mathematics, Science, History, Geography and some other subjects. The Act also aims to give parents a wide choice of schools for their children. Non-selective comprehensive education is available for children of all abilities, though 7% of children attend private fee-paying schools, called public schools. The well-known ones are Eton and Harrow. The education system in the UK is divided into four main parts: primary education, secondary education, further education and higher education. Children in the UK have to attend primary and secondary education which runs from about 5 years old till the student is 16. School starts in September and finishes in late July. There are 3 terms, a two-week break between terms and 6 weeks summer holidays. The most important examination is the assessment at the age of 16 which is called GCSE or General Certificate of Secondary Education. Once students get their GCSEs, they have the choice whether to go to further education or go into the working world. Pupils can continue studying for two more years, concentrating on three main subjects, and then at 18 they take the General Certificate of Education Advanced Level exams. There is also a Certificate of Pre-Vocational Education, for those staying at school from 16 till 17. Further education (FE) is the term used to describe education and training that take place after the school-leaving age of sixteen. FE takes place in colleges, of which there are over 600 spread across the UK. These colleges provide education and training services for the whole of the community that they are part of. They will also run courses for people who are in work and wish to continue their training. Students who are admitted to English universities take part in ‘undergraduate studies’ which leads to a bachelor’s degree in a main field of study known as a ‘major’. The most common degrees are Bachelor of Arts (BA) and Bachelor of Science (BSc), although there are others. As for PhD or Doctor of Philosophy, it is the highest degree awarded to a person who has completed at least three years of graduate study and a dissertation approved by a board of professors. There exist also sandwich courses which offer students work places for a short period of time in a relevant industry before completing their studies. Taking a sandwich course may make the degree last a year longer than otherwise. Graduate study, conducted after obtaining an initial degree, leads to a more advanced Master’s degree. The Oxbridge universities (Oxford University and Cambridge University), which are amongst the world's oldest universities, are generally ranked at or near the top of all UK universities. These universities denote an elite education. They consist of a number of colleges, each self-governing and independent.

    Прочитайте следующие предложения и выпишите предложения, которые не соответствуют информации в тексте.

    1. The Oxbridge universities denote an elite education.

    2. Further education (FE) is the term used to describe education that take place after the graduation.

    3. Graduate study, conducted after obtaining an initial degree, leads to a more advanced PhDs degree.

    4. The education system in the UK is divided into four main parts: primary education, secondary education, further education and higher education.

    5. At the age of 16 British students take the General Certificate of Education Advanced Level exams.

    6. There are also sandwich courses which offer students work places for a short period of time in a relevant industry before completing their studies.

    Дайте развернутые ответы на следующие вопросы:

    1. What has the Educational Reform Act in the UK led to?

    2. What is a National Curriculum?

    3. How many children attend private fee-paying schools?

    4. What is the education system in the UK divided into?

    5. At what age do children have to attend school in Britain?

    6. When does school start in Britain?

    7. What is GCSE?

    8. Where does FE take place?

    9. What degrees can students get at a university?

    10. What is a sandwich course?