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    Presentation "Holidays and Traditions in Britain"
    презентация к уроку по английскому языку (6 класс) на тему

    Шеломанова Наталья Николаевна

    Материал содержит описание наиболее популярных традиций и праздников в Британии.

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    Слайд 1

    Учитель английского языка МБОУ СОШ №2 с.Александров-Гай Шеломанова Н.Н. "Holidays and Traditions in Britain and Russia"

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    Britain holidays and traditions

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    Guy Fawkes Night

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    Guy Fawkes Night is a very British celebration. It celebrates a failed attempt to blow up the Houses of Parliament (that’s where Big Ben is) in London. This was probably one of the first examples of terrorism, only it didn’t work. It all happened on November the fifth, 1605. A group of Catholics who were unhappy with their Protestant rulers wanted to bring the government down. Their leader was a man called Guy Fawkes and his plan was called the Gunpowder Plot. Fortunately, some passers-by saw Guy Fawkes and his followers with the gunpowder. Guy Fawkes was arrested. He was put on a bonfire and burned to death. In Britain and former British colonies, this day is also called Bonfire Night. Bonfire Night is perhaps the biggest outdoor celebration in Britain. Unfortunately, it is in winter and takes place at night. You have to brave the cold, but it is a happy occasion. Every town and village puts on a fireworks display. There is usually a large bonfire in the middle of the town. People gather at it to watch the fireworks and eat traditional Guy Fawkes Night food. Baked potatoes and toffee apples are the most popular treats. There is usually a mock guy on the bonfire to represent the real one that died 400 years ago. Many families have smaller celebrations and will have their own, private fireworks display in their garden. There are many warnings to be careful because every year, children are injured in fireworks accidents.

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    Shrove Tuesday (known in some countries as Pancake Day) is a day in February or March, preceding Ash Wednesday (the first day of Lent ), which is celebrated in some countries by consuming pancakes . This moveable festival is determined by Easter . The expression "Shrove Tuesday" comes from the word shrive , meaning " absolve ". Shrove Tuesday is observed by many Christians, including Anglicans , Lutherans , Methodists and Roman Catholics , who "make a special point of self-examination, of considering what wrongs they need to repent, and what amendments of life or areas of spiritual growth they especially need to ask God's help in dealing with." Being the last day before the penitential season of Lent , related popular practices, such as indulging in food that one sacrifices for the upcoming forty days, are associated with Shrove Tuesday celebrations, before commencing the fasting and religious obligations associated with Lent. The term Mardi Gras is French for "Fat Tuesday", referring to the practice of the last night of eating richer, fatty foods before the ritual fasting of the Lenten season, which begins on Ash Wednesday . Pancake Day

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    Halloween or Hallowe'en (/ˌ hæləˈwiːn , - oʊˈiːn , ˌ hɑːl -/ a contraction of "All Hallows Evening"), also known as Allhalloween , All Hallows' Eve ,or All Saints' Eve ,is a yearly celebration observed in a number of countries on 31 October, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows' Day. It initiates the three-day observance of Allhallowtide the time in the liturgical year dedicated to remembering the dead, including saints (hallows), martyrs and all the faithful departed believers. Within Allhallowtide , the traditional focus of All Hallows' Eve revolves around the theme of using "humor and ridicule to confront the power of death." Halloween

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    Valentine's Day, also known as Saint Valentine's Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine, is a celebration observed on February 14 each year. It is celebrated in many countries around the world, although it is not a public holiday in most of them. St. Valentine's Day began as a liturgical celebration of one or more early Christian saints named Valentinus Several martyrdom stories were invented for the various Valentines that belonged to February 14, and added to later martyrologies . A popular hagiographical account of Saint Valentine of Rome states that he was imprisoned for performing weddings for soldiers who were forbidden to marry and for ministering to Christians, who were persecuted under the Roman Empire. According to legend, during his imprisonment, he healed the daughter of his jailer, Asterius . An embellishment to this story states that before his execution he wrote her a letter signed "Your Valentine" as a farewell.Saint Valentine's Day is an official feast day in the Anglican Communion as well as in the Lutheran Church / The Eastern Orthodox Church also celebrates Saint Valentine's Day, albeit on July 6 and July 30, the former date in honor of the Roman presbyter Saint Valentine, and the latter date in honor of Hieromartyr Valentine, the Bishop of Interamna (modern Terni). Valentine's Day

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    Christmas or Christmas Day (Old English Crīstesmæsse , meaning "Christ s Mass") is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ , observed most commonly on December 25 as a religious and cultural celebration among billions of people around the world.A feast central to the Christian liturgical year, it is prepared for by the season of Advent or Nativity Fast and is prolonged by the Octave of Christmas and further by the season of Christmastide Christmas Day is a public holiday in many of the world's nations is celebrated culturally by a large number of non-Christian people, and is an integral part of the Christmas and holiday season. Christmas Day

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    New Year Day

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    English people celebrate Christmas on the 25 th of December on the 31 st of December on the 7 th of January

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    English people celebrate Halloween on the 30th of November on the 31st of October on the first Sunday of October

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    English people celebrate St. Valentine’s Day on the 8th of March on the 14th of February on the 1st of May

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    buy, give presents, send special cards, celebrate, decorate the room, cook special dishes, invite relatives and friends, have a military parade, chat with each other, watch TV, have a good time Translate:

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    Which holidays do people celebrate only in….. Russia Pancake Day Britain , Guy Fawkes Night, Victory day, Independence day ,Halloween .

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    Thank You!!!


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