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    Новые направления в английском языке-Роб Дин
    презентация по английскому языку на тему

    Чупина Людмила Александровна

    Автор презентации рассказывает о новых направлениях в изучении английского языка. Семинар был очень интересным и продуктивным.


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    ‘ That is Something Up With Which I Will Not Put’ Changing English Rob Dean Russia, June 2009

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    Agenda Language analysis task Types of changes Source of changes Examples galore Conclusions

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    There are less people here today than there were yesterday. Due to bad weather, the event was cancelled. Hopefully, it won’t rain later. And, later on, we’ll have some coffee. I’d like to quickly tell you something. You’ll get a free gift if you order today. None of you are going to enjoy this. Me and my mum always go shopping on Saturday. It rained all day, so we had to put the party off.

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    Prescription or Description?  

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    The Academy? L’Acad èmie Française Le parking Le pressing Le marketing Le weekend

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    So, what’s changed? Vocabulary Grammar Pronunciation

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    Change is nothing new

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    Words from Different Sources Old English book help French volume aid Latin text assistance Different words; similar meanings

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    ‘ Mongrel’ Language Anglo Saxon Cow Pig Sheep Deer Norman Beef Pork Mutton Venison Different words; different meanings

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    What’s caused the changes? Media – Television, films, journalism Youth culture Technology & Lifestyle changes Political correctness ‘ Foreign’ words entering the language

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    “ New” Borrowed Words - Which language? panini fajita mezze macchiato oligarch passé siesta zeitgeist Italian Lebanese Italian Spanish Spanish French German Greek New products from abroad Easier / Shorter names for existing things

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    It works the other way too…

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    Ihr Handy ist simgelockt

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    “ I am so not gonna do that” The ‘Friends’ Phenomenon The Influence of the Media:

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    Which are ‘in’? Which are ‘out’? In a jiffy / in a sec. Amazing! / Smashing! Bonkers / crazy What a nuisance! / what a pain! A cool dude / a good chap Jolly good! / way to go! Stop bugging me! / Talk to the hand! (How are you?) I’m fine thanks / I’m good Organised! / Sorted!

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    Top ten most irritating ‘in’ expressions: If he scores, the stadium will literally explode. It’s a big ask for Murray at this stage of his career. You need to think outside the box. Let’s touch base. At this moment in time , the meeting is still in progress. With all due respect , I think you’re wrong. How key is that! They’re open 24/7. Would you like cheese or ham? – Whatever! Here’s your meal. Enjoy!

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    Pronunciation: Queen’s English?

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    The Influence of the Media The ‘Neighbours’ Effect

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    The ‘Neighbours’ Effect It’s great to be here. I’m taking a break.

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    Youth 2009, innit? Latest ‘L ady Gaga ’ album iphone insane e-mail add ress $250 T rainers / Sneakers

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    Slang Hit Parade pants (adj) rad (adj) chav (n) hottie (n) A person or thing which is extreme in some positive way. A person who is sexually attractive An undesirable unsophisticated person A word meaning rubbish or no good.

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    From Bad to Good wicked That’s a wicked bike! ill Isn’t Lucia Rijker the world’s illest female boxer! fat or phat Those shoes are just so phat!

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    New Grammatical Constructions "be like"

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    New Grammatical Constructions “ Vicky ’s like standing at the bus stop and I ’m like , “What are you doing here?” “ Vicky was standing at the bus stop and I said to her “What are you doing here?”

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    The form and meaning of ‘be like’ Subj + be + like + -ing Usage: Informal version of past continuous Subj + be + like + “direct quote” Usage: Informal; to introduce direct speech, often of a surprising or interesting nature.

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    Shortening camera > cam carbohydrates > carbs dreadlocks > dreads e-commerce > e-comm disc jockey > jock mobile phone > mobi

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    Three-Letter Acronyms

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    TLA’s SMS LOL BBL EOD LMK FYI FYA MTF Short Messaging System Laugh out Loud Be back later End of discussion Let me know For your information For your amusement More to follow

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    New words for a new technological age

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    What’s Missing? age native book business cash commerce crime fraud kidnapper digital e- cyber

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    e-business e-cash e-commerce e-money e-publishing e-tailer e-ticket e-book e-zine e-signature Business Non-Business e-words

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    ‘ cyber’ words cybercafe cyberland cyberforensics cybercrime cyberfraud cyberkidnapper cyberporn cybersickness cyberterrorism cyberwidow neutral negative

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    Technical Neologisms Podcasts Vodcasts Netizen Ego Surfing Skype (v) Putting your own name into a computer search engine A person who interacts with others mainly through the internet A downloadable audio file To communicate using an online ‘telephone’ programme A downloadable video file

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    21 st Century ‘Lifestyle’ Neologisms Road rage Yummy mummy Waitress mum Shopgrifting Mallrats Irritainment

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    Compound Words Over half the “new words” entering the language are not one word, but two old ones put together

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    Compound Words back office hot desk loyalty card neural computer stealth tax credit crunch

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    Blends documentary + soap = global + localization = imagination + engineer = traffic jam + camera = testify + lying = kid + adult = docusoap glocalisation imagineer jamcam testilying kidult

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    Acronyms and Backronyms Scuba S elf c ontained u nderwater b reathing a paratus Laser L ight a mplification by s timulated e mission of r adiation Army A ll R eally M acho Y obs Spam S tupid, P ointless A nnoying M essages FIAT F ix i t a gain t omorrow

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    Retronyms Snail Mail Acoustic Guitar

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    The Age of Political Correctness air stewardess actress chairman blind fat short cheating flight attendant actor chairperson non-sighted person of substance vertically challenged academic dishonesty

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    Darwin is still right! Evolution is inevitable... If we don’t adapt, we become extinct. ALL CHANGE

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    Lynne Truss Talk to the Hand David Crystal The Fight for English Lynne Truss Eats, Shoots and Leaves Bill Bryson Mother Tongue

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    Accuracy counts though… My teacher is very fertile The verb connected with arson is ‘to arse’ Hospitable is when you go to hospital There’s some cat on the chair She likes talking to the phone I spent the summer in my grandmother In the holidays I tripped on the mountain Anna tried to throw up smoking Intercourse between trams should be about six minutes The bed has nice clean shits A nursery is a school for nurses On the coast there is a nice bitch

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    robert.dean@pearson.com Thank you

    Слайд 53

    Wordclass Migration verb > noun ask, buy, get, gimme, suck-up noun > verb author, bike, message, sky, task, text adjective > verb big something up, harsh on somebody, large it noun > adjective dope, pants adjective > noun massive, win-win verb > adjective stand-alone, walk-in

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    Thank you very much. It was interesting to watch and to read.I've learnt some new things.
    Чупина Людмила Александровна

    I'm really glad to be helpful for somebody.