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    Нетрадиционный урок-беседа по теме “Nobel Peace Prize Winners”
    план-конспект урока по английскому языку (9 класс) по теме

    Гукасян Ирина Хареновна

    При изучении в 9-ом классе темы "Люди и общество" мы знакомимся с текстом “Noble Peace Prize Winners”. Это сподвигло меня на проведение открытого урока по данной теме. Вместе с учащимися мы проштудировали большое количество информации связанной с возникновением этой премии, с ее создателем, лауреатами и церемонией ее проведения. Все это вошло в нетрадиционный урок-проект, который принял форму дискуссии. 

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    План-конспект

    нетрадиционного

    урока-беседы

                                                    предмет: английский язык

      тема:

    “Nobel Peace Prize Winners”

    Форма проведения урока:

    комбинированный урок

    Участники:

                           учащиеся 9 «А» класса МОУ СОШ №12

      Учитель:

    И.Х. Гукасян

    Пятигорск

    Визитная карточка проекта

    ”NOBEL PEACE PRIZE WINNERS”

    Topic – People and Society

    Form - 9

    Number of students – 11.

    Length of time – 45 minutes.

    Level and age – intermediate, 15 years old.

    Project initiated by teacher.

    Activities – speaking, discussing, listening comprehension, providing the facts.

    Language work – learning vocabulary.

    Подготовительный этап:

    1. Изучение темы, лексических единиц, речевых образцов, работа над текстами (учебник по английскому языку для  9 класса, авторы Афанасьева, Михеева).

    1. Работа с дополнительной литературой: аутентичные материалы, справочные материалы, интернет.

    1. Подготовка диалога, распределение обязанностей.

    1. Подготовка выступлений.

    1. Подготовка презентации.

    Цели урока:

    1. Воспитание интернационализма.
    2. Формирование познавательных умений и самостоятельности.
    3. Формирование системы научных знаний.

    Задачи урока:

    1. Расширение знаний учащихся по теме.
    2. Развитие познавательных интересов, творческой активности, желания участвовать в коллективной деятельности.
    3. Совершенствовать культуру устной речи, формирование навыков речевого этикета.
    4. Развивать память учащихся.

    Тип урока:

    Обобщающий урок-беседа

     

    Оснащение:

    1. Computer.
    2. Tape-recorder.
    3. TV-set.
    4. Listening Comprehension Task.

    Ход урока.

    1. Вступительное слово ведущего урока-дискуссии:

    Установка на заданную тему.

    1. История создания Нобелевской премии

    1. Лауреаты Нобелевской премии за мир.

    1. Видео-церемония объявления лауреата Нобелевской премии за мир 2011 года.

    1. Аудирование. Мартин Лютер Кинг.

    Заключительный этап.

    Анализ работы участников дискуссии.

    Корректирующий этап, проводимый на следующем уроке.

                                              NOBEL PEACE PRIZE WINNERS

    St.    The topic of our today’s lesson is Nobel Peace Prize Winners. But first we’ll start with the history of Nobel Prize and speak about its founder Alfred Nobel. X., you promised to find      information about him.

    St.    I did. Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden into a family of engineers. He was a chemist, engineer and inventor. Nobel amassed a fortune during his lifetime, most of it from his inventions. Just imagine there were 355 inventions, of which dynamite is the most famous. To the surprise of many, Nobel’s will requested his fortune to be used to create a series of prizes for those who confer the “greatest benefit on mankind” in physics, chemistry, peace, physiology or medicine and literature.

    St.    You are quite right. But you didn’t mention why he had come to such a decision.

    St.    What do you mean?

    St.    Well, it’s a well-known fact. In 1888 Alfred had an unpleasant surprise of reading his own obituary, titled “The merchant of death is dead”, in a French newspaper. As it was Alfred’s brother Ludvig who had died, the obituary was 8 years premature. Alfred was disappointed with what he read and concerned with how he would be remembered. This inspired him to change his will. On the 10th of December 1896 Alfred Nobel died in his villa in San Remo Italy at the age  of 63.

    St.    You say he died in 1896. But if I am not mistaken the first Nobel Prizes were awarded        in 1901.

    St.    It’s really so. You see, it took some years for the executors of Nobel’s will to form the Nobel Foundation to take care of Nobel’s fortune and organize the prizes.

    St.    Sorry, but I’ve got confused about what country is responsible for awarding the prizes. Whether it is Sweden or Norway?

    St.   Both. Only Norway’s Nobel Committee is responsible for the Nobel Peace Prize and the Swedish institutions – for the other prizes: in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and also the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.

    St.    And what prize do the winners receive?

    St.    Each laureate is presented with a gold medal, a diploma and a sum of money which depends on the Nobel Foundation’s income. For example in 2009 each prize was worth 1.4 million US dollars.

    St.    And what about medals? Are they really made of solid gold?

    St.    Sure. All medals made before 1980 were struck in 23 carat gold. Since then they have been struck in 18 carat green gold plated with 24 carat gold. The average weight of each medal is about 175grams. Each medal features an image of Alfred Nobel in left profile on the obverse and the years of his birth and death. The laureate’s name is engraved on the rim of the medal.

    St.      By the way, do you know who Nobel laureates receive a diploma from?

    From the hands of the King of Sweden or the Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee in the presence of the King of Norway.

    St.      It must be exciting. But is that all about the ceremony?

    St.      Of  course not. After the award ceremony in Sweden a banquet is held at the Stockholm City Hall which is attended by the Swedish Royal Family and around 1.300 guests.

    St.      And what about the Nobel Peace Prize banquet in Norway?

    St.      It includes the King and Queen of Norway, the Prime Minister and about 250 guests. By the way for the first time in its history, the banquet was cancelled in Oslo in 1979 because the laureate Mother Teresa  refused to attend it, saying the money would be better spend on the poor. Mother Teresa used the 7.000 US dollars that was to spend on the banquet to hold a dinner for 2.000 homeless people on Christmas Day.

    St.     You know, you didn’t mention that the annual Prize Award Ceremony is held on the 10th of December, the anniversary of Nobel’s death.

    St.     Well, now we came to the Nobel Peace Prize Winners and I know that you’ve prepared information about some of them.

    St.    Sorry, but we forgot about one important detail. According to the rule a person can receive the Nobel Prize only once. Still there are exceptions. Four people have received  2 Nobel Prizes. Among them was Maria Sklodowska-Curie. She received the Physics Prize in 1903 for discovery the radioactivity and the Chemistry Prize in 1911 for the isolation of pure radium. You know she was born in Russia. Besides 2 organizations received the Peace Prize multiple times: the International Committee of the Red Cross – 3 times and the United Nations High Commission for Refugees – twice.

    St.    OK, let’s start speaking about the laureates.

    St.    I’d like to start with Mother Teresa (1910-1997), an Albanian Roman Catholic nun, who lived in India. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the sufferings and poverty she saw outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums in Calcutta. Shortly after that she started her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those nobody was prepared to look after.

            The Society of Missionaries has spread all over the world. They provide effective help to the poor in a number of countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, and they take care of victims of natural catastrophes such as floods, epidemics and famine, and of refugees.

           Mother Teresa’s work has been recognized and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions, including the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1979. She died in 1997.

    St.   Kofi A.Annan born in Ghana was first elected Secretary of the United Nations Organization in 1997.

           As Secretary General Mr Annan gave priority to strengthening the Organization’s traditional work in the areas of international peace and security, advocating human rights, the rule of law and the universal values of equality, tolerance and human dignity. One of his ideas was “bringing the United Nations closer to the people”. The Secretary General also took a leading role in mobilizing the international community in the battle against AIDS, and more recently against the global terrorist threat, especially after the terrorist attacks hit the United States on 11 September 2001. He got the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2001.

    St.     Jimmy Carter, the thirty-ninth president of the USA, left office in 1981, a year later became Distinguished Professor of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, and founded the Carter Center. The Center addressed national and international issues of public policy. The aim of the Carter Center was to resolve conflict, promote democracy, protect human rights and prevent disease and other problems. Through the Global 2000 programme, the Center  began advancing health care and agriculture in the developing world. Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter volunteer one week a year for Habitat for Humanity, a nonprofit organization that helps needy people in the United States and in other countries renovate and build homes for themselves. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2002.

    St.     Wangari Maathai was born in Kenya in 1940. She became the first woman in East and Central Africa to earn a doctorate degree. Professor Maathai got her degree in Biological science.

             Wangari Maathai was active in the National Council of Women of Kenya. It was while she served in the National Council of Women that she introduced the idea of planting trees in order to conserve the environment and improve the quality of life for many people. Through the Green Belt Movement she assisted women in planting more than 20 million trees on their farms and around schools and churches. Dr Maathai is internationally recognized for her persistent struggle for democracy, human rights and environmental conservation. She became a Nobel Peace Prize Laureate in 2004.    

    St.     Mikhail Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931 in Stavropol territory in the North Caucases. He was born to a peasant family in a small village. His father was an agricultural mechanic on a collective farm. In 1950 M.Gorbachev became a student of Moscow State University, Faculty of Law. In 1971 he became a member of Communist Party’s Central Committee, in 1980 – the youngest full member of Politburo. M.Gorbachev was President of the Soviet Union from 1990 to 1991. He introduced man political and economic changes and, partly as a result of this, the Soviet Union began to break up as many of the republics got rid of their Communist governments and made themselves independent. Mikhail Gorbachev became a Nobel Peace Prize Laureate in 1990.

    St.    Andrei Sakharov is a Russian physicist and public figure. He played a decisive role in developing the Soviet hydrogen bomb. While working on the bomb he came to the conclusion that any atomic and nuclear weapon should be banned. He took part in the first human rights demonstration. He also defended imprisoned dissidents and was also known for being a dissident. Andrei Sakharov fought courageously for human right in the former USSR and in 1975 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. But the Soviet Government would not allow him to travel to Norway to receive it. He was sent away of Moscow to the city of Gorky and was deprived of all his titles and orders. When Mikhail Gorbachev Became Soviet leader he allowed Andrei Sakharov to return to Moscow and he was given back all his titles. He is remembered as an outstanding humanist.

    T. Excuse me for my interrupting you. I want to find out some facts. Do you remember who was the Nobel Peace Prize Winner in 2009?    (President of the USA Barack Obama)

    You could see his photo in the presentation. And who can name the Peace Prize Winner of this year? ----  It is Liu Xiaobo (Лью Сяобо), a Chinese literary critic, writer, professor and human rights activist. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his long non-violent struggle, for fundamental human rights in China.

    Do you know anything about other winners of this year?

    Among other winners there are two physicists: Angre Geim (Netherland) and Konstantin Novoselov (UK, Russia). A.Geim is a Russian-born Dutch physicist, K.Novoselov is a Russo-British Physicist, he has dual citizenship nationality.

    They were both awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on graphene, a material that has many potential applications, especially in nana-electronics.

    You said that the annual Prize award is held on the 10th of December while the announcement of the winners takes place earlier. Who knows when exactly?

    In October. And we have an opportunity to see the announcement of 2010 Nobel Peace Prize Winner.  

    (VIDEO)

    Now we’ll listen to the text about one more Peace Prize Winner – Martin Luther King and do the task.

    (Listening Comprehension)        

                      The task.

    1. King lived in the 19th century.
    2. King’s aim was to put an end to segregation (the separation of a social and racial group from others) in the USA.
    3. King and his followers never used force or violence.
    4. Rosa Parks from Montgomery was a poor old black woman.
    5. Rosa Parks organized a boycott of city buses.
    6. King and followers won their first victory in Montgomery.
    7. The 1963 protest march was broadcast.
    8. It was very hard for King to organize the protest action in Washington, D.C.
    9. In1964 black Americans were given the right to vote.
    10. King received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

    T.     Now we see that there is a lot of information about the Nobel Prize and its winners. But it’s enough for today. Thank you for your good work and cooperation.


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