Главные вкладки

    Рабочая тетрадь по английскому языку по теме "Great Britain"
    учебно-методическое пособие по английскому языку (9 класс) на тему

    Рабочая тетрадь включает в себя материал о Великобритании ( географическое положение, традиции, обычаи ).

    Скачать:

    ВложениеРазмер
    Microsoft Office document icon rabochaya_tetrad_gr_britain.doc888.5 КБ

    Предварительный просмотр:

    РАБОЧАЯ ТЕТРАДЬ

    по дисциплине
    «Английский язык»

    ________________________

    ________________________

    студент(__)____курса____группы

    200__-200__уч. год

                                       Анжеро-Судженск

                                                  2009 г.

    ББК-74.57                                                                                      Рекомендовано к изданию

    Б                                                                                                      методическим советом

                                                                                                             ГОУ СПО «Анжеро-Судженский

                                                                                                    педагогический колледж»

                                                                                                    Протокол №____ от______

    Рабочая тетрадь по дисциплине «Английский язык. Great Britain» [текст] / С.С. Берзина. - Анжеро-Судженск: педагогический колледж, 2009.-35 с.

    Рабочая тетрадь по дисциплине «Английский язык. Great Britain”   адресована студентам педагогических колледжей по всем специальностям. Содержит большое количество материала по страноведению, задания для самостоятельного выполнения, упражнений, позволяющих лучше усвоить материал курса.

    ББК-74.57                                                                                      © Анжеро-Судженск, 2009 г.

    Б                                                                                                          С.С. Берзина

                                                                 

    Содержание

    1. Предисловие……………………………………………….4

    2. Great Britain ………………………………………………5

    -упражнение №1………………………………………………………………..5

    -упражнение №2………………………………………………………………..6

    -упражнение №3………………………………………………………………..6

    -упражнение №4………………………………………………………………..7

    -упражнение №5………………………………………………………………..8

    -упражнение №6………………………………………………………………..9

    3. Administrative centers and the symbols…………………10

    -упражнение №1……………………………………………………………….14

    -упражнение №2……………………………………………………………….16

    -упражнение №3……………………………………………………………….16

    -упражнение №4……………………………………………………………….16

    4. "The British Parliament"………………………………....17

    -упражнение №1……………………………………………………………….18

    -упражнение №2……………………………………………………………….18

    5. London……………………………………………….........20

    -упражнение №1……………………………………………………………….21

    -упражнение №2……………………………………………………………….22

    -упражнение №3……………………………………………………………….22

    -упражнение №4……………………………………………………………….22

    6. Popular People of Great Britain………………………….24

    -упражнение №1……………………………………………………………….25

    -упражнение №2……………………………………………………………….26

    -упражнение №3……………………………………………………………….27

    7. British Holidays and Traditions………………………….28

    -упражнение №1……………………………………………………………….30

    -упражнение №2……………………………………………………………….31

    -упражнение №3……………………………………………………………….31

    -упражнение №4……………………………………………………………….31

    -упражнение №5……………………………………………………………….32

    -упражнение №6……………………………………………………………….33

    -упражнение №7……………………………………………………………….33

    8. Итоговый тест……………………………………………34

    9. Список литературы……………………………………...35

    Предисловие

      Основная цель данной рабочей тетради – развитие умений и навыков чтения, а  также расширение знаний студентов в области географии, культуры, традиций и науки Великобритании.

      Рабочая тетрадь предназначена для студентов педагогического колледжа всех специальностей и включает в себя ряд текстов и заданий  с разным уровнем сложности.  В рабочей тетради представлены упражнения на перевод, пересказ текстов; задания на написания докладов, на составление поздравлений и многое другое.

       Данная рабочая тетрадь окажет помощь преподавателям средних специальных учебных заведений в проверке знаний и умений студентов и студентам в подготовке к учебным занятиям, в самостоятельной деятельности, при подготовке к контрольной работе или зачету.

                                          GREAT BRITAIN

    1. Vocabulary:

    •  Great Britain - Великобритания

    •  to be situated - располагаться

    •  to lie - располагаться, лежать

    •  the British Isles - Британские острова

    •  an island - остров

    •  the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - Соединенное Королевство Великобритании и

    Северной Ирландии

    •  to consist of - состоять из

    •  to include - включать

    •  England - Англия

    •  Wales - Уэльс

    •  Scotland - Шотландия

    •  Northern Ireland - Северная Ирландия

    •  the English Channel - пролив Ла - Манш

    •  the Strait of Dover - Дуврский пролив = Па-де-Кале

    •  the Irish Sea - Ирландское море

    •  the Severn - Северн

    •  the Cambrian mountains - Кембрийские горы

    •  the C heviot Hills - Червиот - Хилс

    •  the Cumbrian mountains - Кемберленсдские горы

    •  to separate - отделять

    •  surface - поверхность

    •  to wash - омывать

    •  to be washed - омываться

    •  a lake - озеро

    • a river - река

    •  navigable - судоходный

    •  all the year round - круглый год

    •  an area - площадь

    •  population - население

    •  an industrial state - индустриальное государство

    •  a harbour - гавань

    •  highly developed -высоко развитый

    •  the capital - столица

    •  a coastline - береговая линия

    2. Составьте 10 предложений используя слова вокабуляра.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Прочтите и переведите: а) словосочетания, б) предложения

    а)  European continent, on the British Isles, thousands of small Islands, in the west of the country, to the north of England,  east of Great Britain, a lot of beautiful lakes, the Island of Great Britain, a flat surface, a mountainous surface, a highly developed industrial country, a densely populated country.

     б) 1) The British Isles lie to north-west of Europe .

    2) Great Britain is situated on the British Isles .

    3) The British Isles consist of two large Islands and a thousand of small ones.      

    4) Great Britain includes three countries: England , Wales and Scotland .

    5) There are many mountains, rivers and lakes in Great Britain .

    6) Great Britain is a highly developed industrial country.

    7) There are many industrial cities and towns in Great Britain .

     8) There are a lot of harbors on the coastline of the British Isles , which serve as ports.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. Прочтите и переведите текст.

    GREAT BRITAIN .

     

    Great Britain is a capitalists state. It lies on the British Isles . The British Isles consist of two large Islands Great Britain and Ireland and of thousands of small Islands . Great Britain consists of three countries: England , Wales and Scotland .

    England Lies in the south of the British Isles, Wales is to the west of England and Scotland is in the north of Great Britain .

    The United Kingdom of Great Britain includes four countries: England , Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland . Northern Ireland lies in the north - east of Ireland.

    The Atlantic Ocean washes the British Isles in the west. In the east you can see the North Sea and the southern coast is washed by the English Channel . The Irish Sea lies between England and Ireland .

    The North Sea and the English Channel, the narrowest part of which is called the Strait of Dover, separate Great Britain from the European continent.

    Some parts of Great Britain are flat and others are mountainous. The surface of Eastern and Northern Ireland is flat, but the surface of Wales and Scotland is hilly and mountainous. In the west of Wales we can see the Cambrian mountains .

    The Cheviot Hills separate England from Scotland . To the south of Cheviot Hills you can see the Pennines and Cumbrian mountains . There are a lot of beautiful lakes in Cumbrian mountains .

    There are many rivers in Britain but they are not very long. The principal rivers are the Severn, the Trent and the Thames . The Severn is the longest river but the most important river is the Thames . It is navigable all the year round.

    The area of Great Britain is 211000 square km. and population is more than 55 mln.

    Great Britain is a highly developed capitalist country. There are many industrial cities and towns such as Manchester , Birmingham , Glasgow, Sheffield and many others. Oxford , Cambridge , Edinburgh and London itself are university cities. On the map you can sea numerous harbours which serve as ports among which are London , Liverpool, Glasgow , Portsmouth and others. London is the capital of Great Britain .

    A piper _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    5. Answer the questions:

    •  What are the names of the two biggest islands?

    •  What parts does Great Britain consist of?

    •  Where is each part situated? ( England , Wales , Scotland ).

    •  What are the most important rivers in Great Britain ?

    •  Why is the Thames the most important river?

    •  Are there many mountains and hills in Great Britain ?

    •  What are the names of the mountains?

    •  What is the area (the population) of Great Britain ?

    •  What country is Great Britain ?

    •  What industrial (university) cities of Great Britain do you know?

    ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    6. Составьте рассказ  о Великобритании, используя данные вопросы.

    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Administrative centers and the symbols

     Every region of Great Britain has its own administrative centre and the symbol.

       England is the biggest region in the country. The symbol of England is the Red Rose.

    The rose was adopted as England's emblem around the time of the War of the roses - civil wars (1455 - 1485) between the royal house of Lancaster (whose emblem was a red rose) King Richard II and the Yorkists were defeated at Bosworth on 22 August 1485 by the future Henry VII. 

    The two roses were combined to make the Tudor rose (a red rose with a white centre) by Henry VII when he married Elizabeth of York.

     

           English emblem

    London is the capital of England and Great Britain. London is one of the biggest and most expensive cities in the world situated on the river Thames.

    Of the four parts which make up Great Britain England is the largest, the industrial and most densely populated part of the United Kingdom. The cross of St. George, the Patron Saint of England, is the national English flag. 

      

    The symbol of Scotland is the thistle.  


    The thistle is a prickly-leaved purple flower which was first used in the fifteenth century as a symbol of defense.

     Scotish flag

    Edinburgh is the administrative centre of the region.

    Edinburgh has been the capital since the 15-th century, when its fortified castle was the centre of Scotland's resistance to its enemies. Edinburgh is the cultural centre of Scotland. It is associated with the names of George Gordon Byron and Walter Scott, Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Burns and Arthur Conan Doyle.
      Scotland is a mountainous area. Ben Nevis, the highest peak of
    Great Britain, is situated there.

    The administrative centre of Wales is Cardiff, the largest city of Wales. Cardiff is situated near the mouth of the Tuff River. It is an important industrial city and port.

     The national flower of Wales is usually considered to be the daffodil. However, the leek has even older associations as a traditional symbol of Wales - possibly because the its colors, white over green, echo the ancient Welsh flag.


    The Welsh Flag, a red dragon on a field of white and green, dates from the fifteenth century.

    Belfast it the capital of Northern Ireland and the shamrock is its symbol.

    The shamrock is a three-leaved plant similar to a clover. It is said that St. Patrick used the shamrock to illustrate the doctrine of the Holy Trinity.

      

    The flag of Great Britain is called the Union Jack, it has three crosses on the dark blue background.

    The currency of the country is the pound which consists of a hundred pence.

       Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy with the Queen as the Head of the state.

       The legislative body of the country is British Parliament consisting of two houses: The House of Lords and the House of Commons. The head of the government is Prime Minister. The two main political parties of English Parliament are: the Labour Party (which is the leading democratic party) and the Tory (the conservative party).

         English people are famous for their love for gardening. Many of them live in small houses surrounded by beautiful green gardens.

       English food does not vary much. The only dish that can be called traditional is fish and chips (fried fish with French fries). English people like going to pubs where they can have a snack and drink a pint of beer.

       Great Britain is wonderful country.

    1. Ответьте на вопросы:

    - What is the symbol of England?

    - What is the capital of England?

    - What is the symbol of Scotland?

    - What is the capital of Scotland?

    - What is the symbol of Wales?

    - What is the capital of Wales?

    - What is the symbol of Northern Ireland?

    - What is the capital of Northern Ireland?

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. Переведите следующие предложения.

    - Every region of Great Britain has its own administrative centre and the symbol.

    - The symbol of England is the Red Rose.

          - The rose was adopted as England's emblem around the time of the War of the roses - civil wars (1455 - 1485) between the royal house of Lancaster (whose emblem was a red rose) King Richard II and the Yorkists were defeated at Bosworth on 22 August 1485 by the future Henry VII. 

     - The symbol of Scotland is the thistle.  

     - Edinburgh is the cultural centre of Scotland.

    - The national flower of Wales is usually considered to be the daffodil.

          - Belfast it the capital of Northern Ireland and the shamrock is its symbol.

     -    Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy with the Queen as the Head of the state.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Прочитайте и перескажите текст о символах Великобритании. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. Составьте кроссворд по теме «Великобритания»

    "The British Parliament"

     The British Parliament is the oldest in the world. It  originated

    in th 12th century as Witenagemot, the body of  wise  cancellers

    whom the King needed to consult pursuing his policy. The  British

    Parliament consists of the  House  of  Lords  and  the  House  of

    Commons and the Queen as its head. The House of Commons plays the major role in law-making. It consists of  Members  of  Parliament (called MPs for short).  Each  of  them  represents  an  area  in England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. MPs are elected either at a general election or at  a  by-election  following  the  death  or retirement. Parliamentary elections are held every 5 years and it

    is the Prime Minister  who  decides  on  the  exact  day  of  the

    election. The minimum voting age is 18. And the voting  is  taken

    by secret ballot. The election campaign lasts about 3 weeks,  The

    British parliamentary system depends on political  parties.  The

    party which wins the majority of seats forms  the  government  and

    its leader usually becomes Prime  Minister.  The  Prime  Minister

    chooses about 20 MPs from his party  to  become  the  cabinet  of

    ministers. Each minister is responsible for a particular area  in

    the government. The second  largest  party  becomes  the  official

    opposition with its own leader and "shadow cabinet".  The  leader

    of the opposition is a recognized post in the House  of  Commons.

    The parliament and  the  monarch  have  different  roles  in  the

    government and they only meet together on symbolic occasions, such as coronation of a new monarch or the opening of the  parliament.

     In reality, the House of Commons is the one of  three  which  has

    true power. The House of Commons is made up of  six  hundred  and fifty elected members, it is presided  over  by  the  speaker,  a

    member acceptable to the whole house. MPs sit on two sides of the

    hall, one side for the governing party  and  the  other  for  the

    opposition. The first 2 rows of seats are occupied by the leading

    members of both parties (called "front benches") The back benches

    belong to the rank-and-life MPs. Each session  of  the  House  of

    Commons lasts for 160-175 days. Parliament has  intervals  during

    his work. MPs are paid for their parliamentary work and  have  to

    attend the sittings. As mention above, the House of Commons plays

    the major role in law making. The procedure is the  following:  a

    proposed law ("a bill") has to go through three stages  in  order

    to become an act of parliament, these are called "readings".  The

    first reading is a formality and is simply the publication of the

    proposal. The second reading involves debate on the principles of

    the bill, it is examination by parliamentary  committee.  And  the

    third reading is a report stage, when the work of the committee is

    reported on to the house. This  is  usually  the  most  important

    stage in the process. When the bill passes through the  House  of

    Commons, it is sent to the House of Lords  for  discussion,  when

    the Lords agree it, the bill is taken  to  the  Queen  for  royal

    assent, when the Queen sings the bill,  it  becomes  act  of  the

    Parliament and the Law of the Land. The House of Lords  has  more

    than 1000 members, although only about 250 take an active part in

    the work in the house.  Members  of  this  Upper  House  are  not

    elected, they sit there because of their rank,  the  chairman  of

    the House of Lords is the Lord  Chancellor.  And  he  sits  on  a

    special seat, called "Woolsack" The members of the House of Lords

    debate the bill after it has been passed by the House of Commons.

    Some changes may be recommended and the agreement between the two houses is reached by negotiations.

    1. Переведите предложения.

    • The British Parliament is the oldest in the world.
    • The  British Parliament consists of the  House  of  Lords  and  the  House  of Commons and the Queen as its head.
    • The British parliamentary system depends on political  parties.  
    • In reality, the House of Commons is the one of  three  which  has true power.

        - The House of Commons is made up of  six  hundred  and fifty elected members, it is presided  over  by  the  speaker,  a

    member acceptable to the whole house.

       

    ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. Переведите второй абзац текста.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    London

    As well as being the capital of England, London is the capital of the United Kingdom.  London is a city which was never planned. It has accumulated. So, it includes the City of London, the West End and the East End. The city is really large – more than 8 million people live in so-called Greater London – that is, London and its suburbs. It stands on the both sides of the river Thames and 14 bridges span the river. The Thames, described variously as “liquid history” and the “noblest river in Europe” is graced in London with a score of bridges, tunnels and a barrier, but until 1750, when the first Westminster Bridge opened, London Bridge was the one and the only. The first one built in stone from 1176 to 1209 became renowned throughout Europe for its houses and a chapel dedicated to St Thomas of Canterbury. Several of London bridges have special features – Hammersmith Bridge has ornamental metal work and Vauxhall has larger than life bronze figures representing pottery, engineering, architecture, agriculture, science, fine arts, local government and education. Among the boats which ply the river, few attract more attention than the Oxford and Cambridge University Boat Race.

    London was founded by the Romans in 43 A. D. and was called Londinium. In 61 A. D. the town was burned down and when it was rebuilt by the Romans it was surrounded by a wall. That area within the wall is now called the City of London. It is a financial and business center of the country. The Stock Exchange, the Bank of England, offices of major banks and companies are all there. People only come to the City to work, nobody lives there, and at night it becomes deserted.

    Here is situated the Tower of London. The Tower was built by William the Conqueror who conquered England in 1066. The Tower of London has been “fortress, palace, home of the Crown Jewels and national treasures, arsenal, mint, prison, observatory, zoo and tourist attraction”, wrote the Duke of Edinburgh in a book celebrating the Tower’s 900th anniversary. It is interesting to mention the tradition  connected with the history of Tower. The royal menagerie departed to the Zoo in 1834, leaving only the ravens behind. Tradition says that if the ravens leave, the Tower and the country will fall. So Beefeaters – Warders of the Tower -  give ravens meat every night.

    The finest part of London is the West End with long streets of fine shops, theaters, picture gallery. There are beautiful parks in the West End, such as St James’s Park, Green Park, Kensington Gardens, and Hyde Park  with its Speaker’s Corner there you can go up on a platform and speak freely on the topic that you find vital. The Royal Parks are central London‘s lungs. Bands play beside lakes, parks have cafes and art galleries.  

     The Houses of Parliament with its Big Ben, the chimes of which are heard throughout the world on the BBC World Service are also in the West End  White Hall and Downing Street are also in the West End. White Hall is a street where most government offices are situated, and I have already mentioned that No. 10, Downing Street is the official residence of the British Prime Ministers for more than 250 years. The famous cul-de-sac of Downing Street was created by Sir George Downing, member of Parliament, around 1680. Number 10 is one of the original Downing Street houses to survive. No 10, with the most photographed door in the world, is guarded outside by a single policeman. By the way the nick-name of British  policemen are “bobbies”, because of Sir Robert Peel, who formed the police force.

    The Queen, when she is in London, lives in Buckingham Palace. Buckingham Palace facing the white marble and gilded Queen Victoria memorial, flies the royal standard when the Queen is in residence. Today the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh have private suites in the North Wing, overlooking Green Park. Their home is open to around 30.000 guests in summer, attending garden parties. The entry costs around 20 pounds a person. The gardens have a lake, cascading water and the wild life include flamingoes. From the Palace the Queen leaves on ceremonial duties such as the State Opening of Parliament in early winter and Trooping the colour to mark her official birthday in June.

    The architecture of London is very impressive. There is St. Paul’s Cathedral, for example, where a lot of famous people were buried. The National and Tate Galleries contain many masterpieces of art.

    Westminster Abbey has been the setting for every monarch’s coronation, beginning with Edward the Confessor, a saintly man who came to the throne in 1040. The Abbey presents a pageant of noble, military, political and artistic history. It has the graves of queens and kings, of poets, politicians and churchmen. And the High Altar still contains the body of Edward the Confessor, the Abbey’s founder.

    Westminster Cathedral is the leading Roman Catholic Church in England. It was built half a mile from the Abbey. The single bell in the 280 foot high campanile is dedicated (like the Chapel in the Abbey) to Edward the Confessor. This gift from Gwendolen, Duchess of Norfolk, is inscribed “St Edward, pray for England”.

    The East End is something quite different. It is the industrial part of London. There are factories and docks there, and blocks of flats where working people live. They form quite a contrast to what we can see in the West End.

    1. Составьте рассказ о the City.

    ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. Составьте рассказ о the West End.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Составьте рассказ о The East End.

    ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. Напишите доклад на выбор используя ресурсы Интернета  о

    - Кардифе (столица Уэльса)

    - Эдинбурге (столица Шотландии)

    -Белфасте (столица Северной Ирландии)

    -Ливерпуле

    -Манчестере

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Popular People of Great Britain.

    The Beatles

    The United Kingdom (UK) is the world's fourth largest trading nation; birthplace of Newton, Darwin, Shakespeare and the Beatles; home of the world's largest foreign exchange market, the world's richest football club - Manchester United, and the inventors of the hovercraft and the World Wide Web. The UK is a modern, creative, diverse and innovative society. It boasts a fascinating history, a long-established system of government, and is an absorbing place to visit for work, education or pleasure. The UK is also considered by many to be Europe's leading business centre.               

    Shakespeare William                

    Darwin Charles

    1. Напишите доклад об одном знаменитом человеке Великобритании  на выбор, используя ресурсы Интернета.

    - Charles Darwin

    - Shakespeare William

    - The Beatles

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

    Some facts from biography of Robert Burns

    The work of the Scottish poet Robert Burns (1759-1796) is characterized by realism, intense feeling, and metrical virtuosity. His best work is in Scots, the vernacular of southern Scotland, and he is one of the greatest authors in that language of the last 4 centuries.

    Robert Burns was born in Alleyway, Yorkshire, on Jan. 25, 1759, in the cottage of hard-working farmer parents. He grew up in the general atmosphere of dour Scottish Calvinism, but his father's moderate religious views helped instill in Burns a spirit of tolerance and of rebellion against the grimmer doctrines of Calvinism. Although Burn’s formal schooling was skimpy, he read avidly and for a time had a good tutor in John Murdoch, who gave him a thorough grounding in the 18th-century genteel tradition of English literature.

    The family worked hard on their Yorkshire farm, and the arduousness of his labor in adolescence was to have a crippling effect in the long run on Robert's health. And troubles with landlords and their agents were helping to foster in him the egalitarianism and rebelliousness against privilege which became prominent themes in his poetry. In 1784 his father died in bankruptcy, and the family then moved a few miles away to Mossfield. (By the end of his short life he was to have fathered fourteen children, nine of them out of wedlock, by six different mothers.)

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Прочитайте и переведите стихотворение Р. Бёрнса. Выучите его наизусть.

                                 My Heart's in the Highlands.

    My heart's in the Highlands, my heart is not here;

    My heart's in the Highlands, a chasing the deer;

    A-chasing the wild deer, and following the roe -

    My heart in the Highlands wherever I go.

    Farewell to the Highlands, farewell to the North,

    The birthplace of velour, the country of worth:

    Wherever I wander, wherever I rove,

    The hills of the Highlands for ever I love.

    Farewell to the mountains high cover'd with snow;

    Farewell to the straits and green valleys below;

    Farewell to the forests and wild-handing woods;

    Farewell to the torrents and loud pouring floods.

    My heart's in the Highlands, my heart is not here;

    My heart's in the Highlands’, a chasing the deer;

    A-chasing the wild deer, and following the roe -

    My heart in the Highlands wherever I go.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                   

    British Holidays and Traditions

       Great Britain is an old country and it has a lot of holidays and interesting traditions. Holidays in the country are historic and public. Most public holidays are called bank holidays because banks, companies and most shops do not work on these days. Such holidays include New Year's Day, Easter Monday and others.

       At Easter, the British give each other chocolate eggs, which they eat on Easter Sunday.

       Christmas is on the 25-th of December. Families spend this day together. For many people this is the most important holiday of the year. Family members wrap up their presents and put them under the Christmas tree. Children hang colorful socks at the end of their beds for presents. They believe that Father Frost puts presents inside the socks.


       New Year's Day is not as important in Britain as it is in Russia. People usually make promises to themselves such as to give up smoking, to change their lifestyle and others.

       St. Valentine's Day is celebrated on the 14-th of February. This is the traditional day for those who are in love. Young people give flowers and greeting cards to their Valentines and celebrate this day together.

      

     Halloween is a holiday loved by all children. It takes place on the 31-th of October. There are a lot of parties and people dress up in costumes of witches and ghosts and make lanterns of pumpkins with a candle inside. People also play different games and have fun. Children usually go from one house to another with empty baskets or bags, knock on doors and say: Trick or treat. People should give them something, or they will play a trick on them.

    Картинка 4 из 11482

       Among historic holidays, Guy Fawkes Night can be mentioned. In the 15-th century, a group of people with Guy Fawkes as their leader decided to blow up the Houses of Parliament. They did not manage to do this and Guy Fawkes was caught and hanged. Since then the British celebrate this day burning a doll made of straw and dressed in old clothes on a bonfire. Children dress in old clothes and beg in the street saying: A penny for the Guy.

       There are a lot of customs in Great Britain. One of the most famous is gardening. Most of the English keep small gardens full of flowers behind their houses or around them. In spring, there are a lot of flower-shows and vegetable-shows with prizes for the best exhibitions.

       In Northern Ireland there is a holiday called St. Patrick's Day. It is celebrated on the 17-th of March. On this day people wear green clothes and drink Irish beer. There are carnivals and barbeques all over the country.

    1. Прочтите и переведите: а) словосочетания, б) предложения

    a). interesting traditions, most public holidays, New Year's Day, Easter Monday, the most important holiday of the year, colorful socks at the end of their beds, traditional day for those who are in love, dress up in costumes of witches and ghosts.

    b). 1. Great Britain is an old country and it has a lot of holidays and interesting traditions.

    2. Such holidays include New Year's Day, Easter Monday and others.

    3. Family members wrap up their presents and put them under the Christmas tree.

    4. They believe that Father Frost puts presents inside the socks.

    5. There are a lot of parties and people dress up in costumes of witches and ghosts and make lanterns of pumpkins with a candle inside.

    6. Most of the English keep small gardens full of flowers behind their houses or around them.

    2. Ответьте на вопросы:

    - What can you say about British Holidays and Traditions?

    - What  British Holidays and Traditions do you know?

    - What can you say about Christmas?

    - What can you say about New Year's Day?

    - What can you say about   St. Valentine's Day?

    - What can you say about Halloween?

    3. Расскажите об одном празднике и традиции Великобритании и России.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. Придумайте небольшую сказку о каком-нибудь празднике в Великобритании. Используйте следующие выражения:

    - I want to tell you a story about….

    - It happened some years ago….

    - It was the eve of….

    - Magic things…

    For example:

     I want to tell you a magic story about two very interesting witches. These story happened a hundred years ago in London. It was the eve of wonderful holiday Christmas. Our two witches decided to ……………………………….

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    5. Нарисуйте и подпишите праздничную открытку.

    For example:

    My dear girlfriend Lana, I congratulate you with this wonderful holiday St. Valentine's Day!!! I wish you good luck, health and, of course, love!!! Be happy.

                                                                                              Yours Nick.

    6. Разработайте проект о Великобритании. ( слайды)

    - Географическое положение Великобритании

    - Символы Великобритании

    - Обычаи и традиции Великобритании

    - Знаменитые люди Великобритании

    7. Найдите в Интернете дополнительную информацию о

    - Шотландии

    - Уэльсе

    - Новой Зеландии

    8. Итоговый тест

    1. The capital of Scotland is
    1. Liverpool
    2. Glasgow

    1. Edinburgh
    2. Cardiff

    1. The British Isles are separated from the European continent by
    1. the North Sea
    2. the English Channel

    1. the Atlantic Ocean
    2. the Irish Sea

    1. The national emblem of Wales is
    1. red rose
    2. daffodil

    1. thistle
    2. shamrock

    1. People who was born in Great Britain are
    1. the English
    2. the Scottish

    1. the Welsh
    2. the British

    1. The national flag of Northern  Ireland is
    1. a diagonal white cross on a blue field
    2. a diagonal red cross on a white field
    3. a red dragon on a white and green field
    4. a red cross on a white field
    1. The head of the UK is
    1. the Conservative Party
    2. the Labour Party

    1. the Parliament
    2. the monarch ( the queen or the king)

    1. People who live in Scotland speak
    1. English and Scottish
    2. English and Irish

    1. English and Welsh
    2. only English

    1. The Fire of London burnt for
    1. 10 days and destroyed 20 000 houses.
    2. 4 days and destroyed 13 000 houses.
    3. 7 days and destroyed 16 000 houses
    1. The Queen of England lives in
    1. Hampton Court Palace
    2. Buckingham Palace
    3. The Tower of London
    1. Whitehall is
    1. a fine building
    2. wide street leading to Parliament Square
    3. a famous museum

    Список литературы

    1)  Высотова, И.Е. Английский язык [Текст]: учебное пособие для студентов заочного и дистанционного обучения гуманитарных университетов / И.Е. Высотова, Т.Г. Гриднева. − Томск: Ветер, 2005. − 92 с.

    2) Голубев, А.П. Английский язык [Текст]: учебное пособие для студентов средних профессиональных учебных заведений / А.П. Голубев. − М.: Издательский центр Академия, 2004. − 336 с.

    3) Карпова, Т.А. Английский для колледжей [Текст]: учебное пособие / Т.А. Карпова. -6-е изд., перераб. и доп.- М.: Дашков и Ко, 2008. – 320 с.

    4) Нестерова, Н.М. Страноведение: Англия. Серия «Учебники и учебные пособия» [Текст]/ Н.М. Нестерова. – Ростов н/Д: Феникс, 2001. – 320 с.


    По теме: методические разработки, презентации и конспекты

    Конспект урока английского языка "Opening Great Britain"

    Урок страноведения в 9-м классе, на котором с помощью компьютерной презентации рассказывается о Великобритании, ее географическом положении, странах и эмблемах, флаге и гимне Великобритании, националь...

    Рабочая тетрадь по английскому языку "Welding works"

    Рабочая тетрадь по английскому языку для обучающихся по  профессиям "Сварщик", "Мастер общестроительных работ".Является вспомогательным пособием при изучении раздела "Моя будущая профессия"....

    Рабочая тетрадь по английскому языку

    для студентов 1 курса неязыковых специальностей...

    Рабочая тетрадь по английскому языку (Экстернат) 2 курс 1 семестр

    Предлагаем вам Рабочую тетрадь по иностранному языку (английский). Рабочая тетрадь содержит учебный материал IIкурса Iсеместра в соответствии с рабочим тематическим планом на основе Федераль...

    Рабочая тетрадь по английскому языку (Экстернат) 2 курс 2 семестр

    Предлагаем вам Рабочую тетрадь по иностранному языку (английский). Рабочая тетрадь содержит учебный материал IIкурса 2 семестра в соответствии с рабочим тематическим планом на основе Федерального...

    Рабочая тетрадь по английскому языку (Экстернат) 3 курс

    Предлагаем вам Рабочую тетрадь по иностранному языку (английский). Рабочая тетрадь содержит учебный материал III курса в соответствии с примерным тематическим планом на основе Федерального госуда...

    Использование Google Classroom как альтернативы рабочим тетрадям по английскому языку.

    Как создавать домашнее задание, которое хочется делать? Которое соответствует современным идеям о навыках 21 века? В этой статье я расскажу, где искать ресурсы для таких заданий и почему не стоит расс...