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    Авторская программа РАБОЧАЯ ТЕТРАДЬ «Английский язык. Грамматика и чтение»
    методическая разработка по теме

    Зарипова Эндже Мухаматнуровна

     

    Вашему вниманию предлагается рабочая тетрадь «Английский язык» для учащихся общеобразовательных школ. Настоящая рабочая тетрадь рассчитана на самостоятельные и аудиторные занятия. Ее целью является формирование лексико-грамматических навыков и лексических навыков чтения.

    Тетрадь состоит из 2 разделов: «Грамматика» и «Чтение».

    Раздел «Грамматика» состоит из теоретической части и дополнительных упражнений, систематизирующих и активизирующих грамматический материал учебного пособия. Предлагаемая рабочая тетрадь содержит грамматические упражнения по основным темам грамматики английского языка.

    Тематика текстов и диалогов из раздела «Чтение» включает различные ситуации речевого общения. После текстов предлагаются задания как устного, так и письменного характера. Четкая последовательность выполнения заданий после текстов  позволит обучающимся овладеть лексикой изучаемой тематики и помочь сделать устные сообщения по изучаемым темам. Разумеется, распределение заданий носит не обязательный, а рекомендательный характер.

    Работу над каждым уроком рекомендуется начинать с введения и последующего закрепления лексического и грамматического материала, имеющего непосредственное отношение к заданиям данной рабочей тетради.

    Упражнения могут быть использованы как дополнительные при работе по теме в классе, а также могут служить в качестве самостоятельного домашнего задания с целью проверки усвоенного материала.

    Основная цель рабочей тетради  – развитие лексико-грамматических навыков при самостоятельной работе студентов в классе и дома. Тексты и упражнения подобраны согласно темам календарно-тематических планов.

    Данная рабочая тетрадь предназначена для учащихся и преподавателей. Она может быть использована на занятиях и при выполнении домашних заданий дома. Помимо этого создание  рабочей тетради вызвано необходимостью дополнить, углубить и систематизировать материал учебных пособий. 

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    МУНИЦИПАЛЬНОЕ ОБЩЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ

    СРЕДНЯЯ ОБЩЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНАЯ ШКОЛА №4 Г. АГРЫЗ

    АГРЫЗСКОГО МУНИЦИПАЛЬНОГО РАЙОНА

    РЕСПУБЛИКИ ТАТАРСТАН

    учебно-методическое пособие

    рабочая тетрадь

     «Английский язык. Грамматика и чтение»

    Автор:

    Зарипова Эндже Мухаматнуровна  преподаватель английского языка II квалификационной категории МБОУ СОШ №4 г. Агрыз РТ

    Контактный телефон: 89033198639

    E-mail: zaripova999@mail.ru

    2012 г.

    Сопроводительное письмо

    Вашему вниманию предлагается рабочая тетрадь «Английский язык» для учащихся общеобразовательных школ. Настоящая рабочая тетрадь рассчитана на самостоятельные и аудиторные занятия. Ее целью является формирование лексико-грамматических навыков и лексических навыков чтения.

    Тетрадь состоит из 2 разделов: «Грамматика» и «Чтение».

    Раздел «Грамматика» состоит из теоретической части и дополнительных упражнений, систематизирующих и активизирующих грамматический материал учебного пособия. Предлагаемая рабочая тетрадь содержит грамматические упражнения по основным темам грамматики английского языка.

    Тематика текстов и диалогов из раздела «Чтение» включает различные ситуации речевого общения. После текстов предлагаются задания как устного, так и письменного характера. Четкая последовательность выполнения заданий после текстов  позволит обучающимся овладеть лексикой изучаемой тематики и помочь сделать устные сообщения по изучаемым темам. Разумеется, распределение заданий носит не обязательный, а рекомендательный характер.

    Работу над каждым уроком рекомендуется начинать с введения и последующего закрепления лексического и грамматического материала, имеющего непосредственное отношение к заданиям данной рабочей тетради.

    Упражнения могут быть использованы как дополнительные при работе по теме в классе, а также могут служить в качестве самостоятельного домашнего задания с целью проверки усвоенного материала.

    Основная цель рабочей тетради  – развитие лексико-грамматических навыков при самостоятельной работе студентов в классе и дома. Тексты и упражнения подобраны согласно темам календарно-тематических планов.

    Данная рабочая тетрадь предназначена для учащихся и преподавателей. Она может быть использована на занятиях и при выполнении домашних заданий дома. Помимо этого создание  рабочей тетради вызвано необходимостью дополнить, углубить и систематизировать материал учебных пособий.

    Предисловие

    Настоящая рабочая тетрадь предназначена для учащихся общеобразовательных школ и рассчитана на самостоятельные и аудиторные занятия. Ее целью является формирование лексико-грамматических навыков и лексических навыков чтения.

    Тетрадь состоит из 2 разделов: «Грамматика» и «Чтение».

    Раздел «Грамматика» состоит из теоретической части и дополнительных упражнений, систематизирующих и активизирующих грамматический материал учебного пособия. Предлагаемая рабочая тетрадь содержит грамматические упражнения по основным темам грамматики английского языка: артикль, порядок слов в английском предложении, формы глагола  to be и to have , описательная конструкция there is/are, способы словообразования, типы вопросительных предложений, герундий, причастия, инфинитив, страдательный залог, условные предложения и использование сослагательного наклонения после I wish, сложноподчиненные предложения, сложное подлежащее и сложное дополнения.

    Тематика текстов и диалогов из раздела «Чтение» включает:

    1. отношения в семье, со сверстниками;
    2. повседневную жизнь и ее проблемы;
    3. дружбу и любовь;
    4. любимые учебные предметы;
    5. планы на будущее;
    6. профессии;
    7. вредные привычки;
    8. достопримечательности столицы;
    9. СМИ;
    10. особенности молодежной субкультуры;
    11. охрану окружающей среды.

    Четкая последовательность выполнения заданий после текстов  позволит обучающимся овладеть лексикой изучаемой тематики и помочь сделать устные сообщения по изучаемым темам. Разумеется, распределение заданий носит не обязательный, а рекомендательный характер.

    Рекомендации преподавателям

    Работу над каждым уроком рекомендуется начинать с введения и последующего закрепления лексического и грамматического материала, имеющего непосредственное отношение к заданиям данной рабочей тетради.

    Упражнения могут быть использованы как дополнительные при работе по теме в классе, а также могут служить в качестве самостоятельного домашнего задания с целью проверки усвоенного материала.

    Оглавление

    РАЗДЕЛ «ГРАММАТИКА»        

    Порядок слов в предложении        

    “To be” в настоящем времени        

    The article        

    There is (There are)        

    To have        

    Suffixes. Суффиксы        

    Types of Questions        

    Passive Voice. Страдательный залог        

    The Gerund. Герундий        

    The Participle. Причастие        

    The Infinitive. Инфинитив        

    Инфинитивные обороты        

    Types of Conditional Sentences. Типы условных предложений        

    I wish…        

    Типы придаточных предложений        

    РАЗДЕЛ «ЧТЕНИЕ»        

    TEXT 1        

    TEXT 2        

    TEXT 3        

    TEXT 4        

    TEXT 5        

    TEXT 6        

    TEXT 7        

    TEXT 8        

    TEXT 9        

    TEXT 10        

    TEXT 11        

    TEXT 12        

    TEXT 13        

    TEXT 14        

    TEXT 15        

    TEXT 16        

    TEXT 17        

    TEXT 18        

    TEXT 19        

    Список литературы        

    РАЗДЕЛ «ГРАММАТИКА»

    Порядок слов в предложении

    УТВЕРДИТЕЛЬНОЕ

    Существительное/

    местоимение

    Глагол

    Дополнение

    The boy                                       goes                               to college every day.

    They                                            play                                    football very well.

    ОТРИЦАТЕЛЬНОЕ









    Существительное/

    местоимение

    Вспомогат. глагол 

    Do

    Does

    Did

    Am

    Is

    Are

    Was

    Were

    Have

    Has

    Had

    Will










    NOT









    Основной глагол









          Дополнение

    The boy                         does                not                go    to college every day.

    They                            do                   not                play      football very well.

    ВОПРОСИТЕЛЬНОЕ

    Вопросит.

    слово

    Вспомогат. глагол

    Существительное/

    местоимение

    Основной глагол

    Дополнение

    What

    Where

    When

    Why

    How much

    How many

    How

    Whom

    Do

    Does

    Did

    Am

    Is

    Are

    Was

    Were

    Have

    Has

    Had

    Will

    Where                 does                   the boy                            go             every day?

    How                   do                    they                            play           football?

    1. Составьте предложения из отдельных слов:

         1. speak, every, day, English, I.

         ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         2. Peter, in, the, USA, last, year, was.

         _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

     3. They, letters, write, month, every.

         _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         4. mother, does, His, chess, not, play.

         ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         5. eat, he, many,  Why, sweets, did, yesterday?

         _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

             6. usually, play, Children, football.

         __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         7. that, you, did, watch, When, film?

         __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         8. Peter, tomorrow, not, get, 6 o’clock, up, will, at.

         ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         9. does, milk, every, Mike, drink, morning, Why?

         _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         10. parents, drink, My, do, coffee, not.

         ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. Закончите предложения, вставляя слова, подходящие по смыслу:

    know     studies    never    are

    little      lessons    read      books

    1. I ______ Russian.
    2. My ______ son is able to count from 1 to 5.
    3. Her friends ______ speak Russian at English ____.
    4. Sam and Kate _____ a lot of ______.
    5. Ann _____ at the University.
    6. They _____ very friendly.

    3. Преобразуйте данные предложения в вопросительные и отрицательные.

    1. Many boys like to play hockey.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. His little sister reads very much.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

       3. The students always know a lot about Great Britain.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

       4. My mother prefers black.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

       5. This professor lectures on History.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    “To be” в настоящем времени

    Утвердительная форма

    Вопросительная форма

    Отрицательная форма


    I am a student.

    You are a student.

    He is a student.

    She is a student.

    It is a book.

    We are students.

    You are students.

        They are students.



    Am I a teacher?

    Are you a student?

    Is he English?

    Is she from Canada?

    Is it a book?

    Are we in England?

    Are you students?

    Are they from Russia?


    No, I `m not.

    No, you aren`t.

    No, he isn`t.

    No, she isn`t.

    No, it isn`t.

    No, we aren`t.

    No, you aren`t.

    No, they aren`t.

    1. Вставьте нужные глаголы am, is, are:

    1. I ____ Kate. I ____ eighteen.
    2. My brother ____ little. He ____ three.
    3. I have a kitten. It ____ black.
    4. I have roses. They ____ nice.
    5. The ball ____ small. It ____ under the sofa.
    6. The horses ____ white. They ____ at the tree.

     

    1. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глагол to be в Present Simple.

    1. Я - врач._______________________________________________  

    2. Он – летчик. ___________________________________________

    3. Она – доктор. __________________________________________

    4. Ты – домохозяйка. ______________________________________

    5. Вы – студентка. ________________________________________

    6. Мы – ученики. _________________________________________

    7. Они – родители. ________________________________________

    8. Вы - учителя. ___________________________________________

    9. Я – инженер. ___________________________________________

    The article

    Артикль – это служебное слово, которое стоит перед существительным и определяет его.

    Неопределенный – a (an)

    Определенный - the

    1. когда существительное просто называется

    This is a man.

    1. перед существительным в единственном числе

    There is a book on the table.

    1. только перед исчисляемыми существительными

    I see a boy in the street.

    4. перед названием профессии.

    She is a teacher.

    1. когда указывают на существительное либо, когда речь о нем уже шла раньше

    The man is in the street.

    2. как перед существительным в единственном, так и во множественном числе

    The books are on the table now.

    3. как перед исчисляемыми, так и перед неисчисляемыми существительными

    Pass me the salt, please!

    4. перед названием должности

    He is the Sales Manager.

    1. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо:

    1. He hasn’t got ____ car. But he’s got ____ computer. _____ computer is new.
    2. My _____ friends have got ____ cat and ____ dog. ____ dog never bites ____ cat.
    3. We wrote ____ dictation yesterday. ____ dictation was long.
    4. She has got ____ ball. ____ ball is big.
    5. They have two ____ daughters and one ____ son. Her ____ son is ____ pupil.

    1. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

     On ___ Sunday our family went to ___ country. We got up at ___ sunrise and quickly had ___ breakfast. After ___ breakfast we left ___ home. There is ___ little village not far from ___ St. Petersburg where we have ___ friends. We went there by ___ train. We had ___ very good time in ___ country. ___ weather was fine, ___ sky was blue and ___ sun was shining. We stayed out of ___ doors all ___ day long. We played ___ volleyball and ___ tennis. We returned to ___ town late in ___ evening. When we came ___ home, we had ___ supper and went to ___ bed at once.

    There is (There are)

    There is a picture on the wall.

    There are some pictures on the wall.

    Is there a picture on the wall?

    Are there any pictures on the wall?

    There is no picture on the wall.

    There isn’t any picture on the wall.

    There are no pictures on the wall.

    There aren’t any pictures on the wall.

    Внимание!   There is употребляется и при наличии

                          нескольких предметов одушевленных или

                          неодушевленных, если первый  из них

                          употребляется в единственном числе.

    There is a chair and two stools at the table.

    1. Установите соответствие:

    1.   There is                 A. children in the classroom.

         2.   There are               B. two teachers in the classroom.

                                        C. a pupil in the classroom.

                                        D. a map and some pictures.

                                        E. a class-register on the table.

                                        F. many chairs in the room.

    1. Закончите предложения:

    1. _________ _____  a pencil in the bag.
    2. _________ _____ pens in the bag.
    3. _________ _____ a pencil box in the bag.
    4. _________ _____ books in the bag.
    5. _________ _____ a ruler and an eraser in the bag.
    6. _________ _____ two dictionaries in the bag.
    7. _________ _____ a black pencil and a blue one in the box.

    To have

    Единственное число

    Множественное число

    I have

    You have

    He has

    She has

    It has

    We have

    You have

    They have

    1. Вставьте по смыслу have или has.

    1. I ____ many friends at school.
    2. Ann ____ a lot of books at home.
    3. Pete and Kate ____ a lot of English books.
    4. My friends and I ____ much milk in the jar.
    5. Tom’s uncle ____ three children.
    6. Their aunt ____ good, clever daughters.
    7. Her parents _____ much work to do.

    1. Преобразуйте данные предложения в вопросительные и отрицательные.

    1. Pete has got one sister.____________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________

    1. Ann and Kate have many friends._________________________________

    ________________________________________________________________

    1. We have got a lot of relatives.____________________________________

    ________________________________________________________________

    1. She has a flat with all modern conveniences._________________________

    _________________________________________________________________

    1. I have three elder sisters. ________________________________________

    ________________________________________________________________

    Suffixes. Суффиксы

    1. Имена существительные:

    а) обозначающие национальность, принадлежность к определенной социальной группе людей, профессии, действующее лицо, орудие действия

    - ician

    academician

    академик

    - ant

    assistant

    помощник

    - ent

    student

    студент

    - ary

    revolutionary

    революционер

    - eer

    engineer

    инженер

    - ess

    actress

    актриса

    - ist

    typist

    машинистка

    - ive

    captive

    пленный

    - or

    constructor

    конструктор

    б) обозначающие отвлеченные понятия, процессы, действия, науки, предметы

    - acy

    democracy

    демократия

    - age

    marriage

    брак

    - ance

    distance

    расстояние

    - ary

    library

    библиотека

    - dom

    freedom

    свобода

    - hood

    brotherhood

    братство

    - ia

    Georgia

    Грузия

    - ic

    music

    музыка

    - ing

    reading

    чтение

    - tion

    nation

    нация

    - sion

    excursion

    экскурсия

    - ment

    experiment

    эксперимент

    - ness

    darkness

    темнота

    - ship

    friendship

    дружба

    - ity

    ability

    способность

     2. имена прилагательные:

    - able

    reasonable

    разумный

    - cial

    social

    общественный

    - ent

    dependent

    зависимый

    - ar

    regular

    регулярный

    - ate

    separate

    отдельный

    -ian

    Georgian

    грузинский

    - ible

    visible

    видимый

    - ic

    academic

    академический

    - ile

    mobile

    подвижный

    - ish

    English

    английский

    - ive

    active

    активный

    - ful

    useful

    полезный

    - less

    useless

    бесполезный

    - ly

    friendly

    дружественный

    - ous

    mountainous

    гористый

    3. наречия:

    - ly

    easily

    легко

    4. имена числительные:

    - teen

    fourteen

    четырнадцать

    - ty

    forty

    сорок

    - th

    the fourth

    четвертый

    1. Обозначьте суффиксы в словах:

    Accountant, childhood, attentive, student, friendship, elder, doctor, relation, divorced, writer, happiness, walking, interesting, lucky, childless.

    1. Образуйте слова, используя следующие суффиксы:

    - er (-or): _______________________________________________

    - ant: __________________________________________________

    - ness: _________________________________________________

    - ment: _________________________________________________

    - ing: __________________________________________________

    - ed: ___________________________________________________

    Types of Questions

    Типы вопросов

    1. GENERAL QUESTION. Общий вопрос

    Задается ко всему предложению в целом. Требует краткого ответа «Да» или «Нет». Порядок слов обратный.

    Do you study English?

    Yes, I do.

    No, I don’t.

    2. ALTERNATIVE QUESTION. Альтернативный вопрос

    Имеет значение выбора из двух лиц, предметов, действий и т.д. содержит союз «or».

    Do you study English or French?

    I study English.

    3. SPECIAL QUESTION. Специальный вопрос

    Вопросы к каждому члену предложения. Начинается с вопросительного слова, порядок слов обратный.

    а) вопрос к подлежащему - «WHO?» - кто? – строится по типу утвердительного предложения; сказуемое выражается глаголом в 3 лице единственном числе.

    Who studies English?

     б) вопрос к определению подлежащего тоже строится по типу утвердительного предложения.

    What – какой

    Which – который                               How many students study English?

    Whose – чей

    How much – сколько (для неисчисл. сущ.)

    How many – сколько (для исчисл. сущ.) 

    What do you study?

    What do you do?

    4. TAG-QUESTION. Разделительный вопрос

    Вопрос, требующий подтверждения «не так ли?», «не правда ли?». Он может строиться двумя способами:

    а) +, - ? (1 часть – утвердительное предложение; 2 часть – краткий общий отрицательный вопрос).

    б) -, + ? (1 часть – отрицательное предложение; 2 часть – краткий общий вопрос).

    Во второй части таких вопросов повторяется тот вспомогательный глагол, который входит в состав сказуемого первой части.

    You study English, don’t you?

    You don’t study English, do you?

     Задайте вопросы различных типов к данному предложению:

            Sasha and John like to play games.

    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. Задайте вопросы к предложению:

            He goes to the movies after dinner.

    1) yes/no ______________________________________________________

    2) what _______________________________________________________

        where ______________________________________________________

        when _______________________________________________________

    3) or _________________________________________________________

    4) doesn’t he ___________________________________________________

    5) who ________________________________________________________

    1. Образуйте разделительные вопросы.

    1. Her advice wasn’t useful, ________________________?
    2. Your clothes are new, ___________________________?
    3. Maths is his favourite subject, _____________________?

    Passive Voice

    Страдательный залог

    Simple

    Continuous

    Perfect

    Present

    am

    is    + V3

    are

    Usually houses are built 8 months.

    Обычно дома строят 8 месяцев.

    am

    is    + being + V3

    are

    The house is being built now.


    Этот дом строится сейчас.

    have

           + been + V3

    has

    This house has been already built.

    Этот дом уже построен.

    Past

    was

             + V3

    were

    This house was built last year.


    Этот дом был построен в прошлом году.

    was

             + being + V3

    were

    When I came last year this house was being built.

    Этот дом строился, когда я приехал в прошлом году.

    had + been + V3



    This house had been built before I came.

    Этот дом был построен до того, как я приехал.

    Future

    will + be + V3


    This house will be built next year.



    Этот дом будет построен в следующем году.

    Will + have + been + V3

    This house will have been already built by January.

    Этот дом уже будет построен к январю.

    1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

            1. My question (to answer)________ yesterday. 2. Hockey (to play)________ in winter. 3. Mushrooms (to gather)________ in autumn. 4. Many houses (to burn)_________ during the Great Fire of London. 5. His new book (to finish)__________ next year. 6. Flowers (to sell)________ in shops and in the streets. 7. St. Petersburg (to found)__________ in 1703. 8. Bread (to eat)__________ every day. 9. The letter (to receive)__________ yesterday. 10. Nick (to send)_________ to Moscow next week. 11. I (to ask)_________- at the lesson yesterday. 12. This text (to translate)__________ at the last lesson. 13. Lost time never (to find)___________ again.   14. These trees (to plant)_________ last autumn. 15. Rome (not to build)__________ in a day.

    1. Подчеркните требующуюся форму глагола.

            1. At the station they will (meet, be met) by a man from the travel bureau. 2. She will (meet, be met) them in the hall upstairs. 3. The porter will (bring, be brought) your luggage to your room. 4. Your luggage will (bring, be brought) up in the lift. 5. You may (leave, be left) your hat and coat in the cloakroom downstairs. 6. They can (leave, be left) the key with the clerk downstairs. 7. From the station they will (take, be taken) straight to the hotel. 8. Tomorrow he will (take, be taken) them to the Russian Museum.

    3. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

            1. Ее часто посылают на почту.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            2. В прошлом году ее послали в Кембридж.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            3. Его пошлют в Гарвард.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            4. За ней всегда посылают.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            5. За ней послали вчера.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

              6. За мной пошлют завтра.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            7. Их всегда приглашают на день рождения Ани.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
            8. Летом Колю отвезут на дачу.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         9. Об этом фильме много говорили.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            10. В музее нам показали много прекрасных картин.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        11.Эту книгу очень часто спрашивают.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple Active или Present Simple Passive.

            1. Мы часто вспоминаем вас.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            2. Нас часто вспоминают в деревне.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            3. Мне дают сок каждое утро.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            

    4. Каждое утро я даю кошке молоко.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            5. Он каждый день рассказывает нам что-нибудь интересное.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            6. Ему каждый день рассказывают что-нибудь интересное.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        7. Собаки любят кости.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            8. Собак любят во многих семьях.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         9. Почему эти правила всегда забывают?

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
        10. Почему  вы всегда забываете эти правила?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    5. Переделайте следующие предложения в Past Perfect Passive.

            1. By 6 o’clock they had finished the work.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            2. By 3 o’clock the workers had loaded the trucks.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            3. When I came home, they had eaten the sweets.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            4. By the middle of autumn we had planted all the trees.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        5. By the end of that month he had written his new book.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    6. Закончите предложения, подставив нужный глагол в правильной форме в Passive Voice:

    Arrest, wake, knock,         heck, find, make, spend,         hear, carry, translate, drive

    Example: The music at the party was very loud and could be heard 

                    from far away.

    1) A decision will not _____ until the next meeting.

    2) That building is dangerous. It ought to _____ down before it falls down.

    3) When you go through customs, your luggage may _____ by a customs officer.

    4) I told the hotel receptionist that I wanted to ______ up at 6.30.

    5) Her new book will probably ______ into a number of foreign language.

    6) If you kicked a policeman, you’d ________.

    7) Police are looking for the missing boy. He can’t  ______ anywhere.

    8) Do you think that less money should ______ on arms?

    9) The injured man couldn’t walk and had to _______.

    10) I don’t mind driving but I prefer to _______ by other people.

    7. Переделайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

            1. He stole a lot of money from the shop.

    A lot of money was stolen by him from the shop. _____________________________________________________________

            2. We send our daughter to rest in the south every year.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            3. They will show this film on TV.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            4. They are building a new concert hall in our street

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            5. They sell milk in this shop.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            6. He wrote this book in the 19th century.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            7. They were playing tennis from 4 till 5.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            8. They haven’t brought back my skates.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            

         9. Livingstone explored Central Africa in the 19th century.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            10. They have forgotten the story.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    8. Переведите на английский язык, используя страдательный залог.

    1. Книга написана талантливым писателем.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2.Дом был построен в прошлом году.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Работа будет сделана в срок.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. Письмо только что было написано.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    5. Много новых домов строится сейчас в нашем городе.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    The Gerund

    Герундий

    Это неличная форма глагола, которая имеет свойства, как глагола, так и существительного.

    Свойства существительного:

    В предложении может быть:

    подлежащим

               Travelling is a very pleasant thing.

    дополнением

               We are fond of playing tennis.

    именной частью сказуемого

                Her task was looking after small children.

    обстоятельством

                He left the room without saying a word.

    определением

                  I don`t like the idea of walking in the rain.

    Свойства глагола:

    после герундия идет прямое дополнение

                    Reading good books is always useful.

    герундий определяется наречием

                    I don`t like walking slowly.

    герундий имеет формы времени и залога

    Active Voice

    Simple

    Continuous

    Perfect

    Perfect Continuous

    reading

    being reading

    having read

    having been reading

     

    Passive Voice

    being read

    having been read

    1. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на герундий:

    1. Repairing cars is his business.

    _________________________________________________________________

    1. He talked without stopping.

    _________________________________________________________________

    1. Jane Eyre was fond of reading.

    _________________________________________________________________

    1. I had the pleasure of dancing with her the whole evening.

    _________________________________________________________________

    1. Taking a cold shower in the morning is very healthy.

    _______________________________________________________________

    2. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя герундий. Следующие глаголы и выражения с определенными предлогами помогут вам правильно его использовать:

                    to thank for                        to be afraid of

                    to look forward to                to accuse of

                    to feel like                        to think of

    1. Мне что-то не хочется сегодня играть в лото.

    ______________________________________________________________

    1. Благодарю вас, что вы прислали мне такие красивые цветы.

    ______________________________________________________________

    1. Он боялся, что его посадят в тюрьму.

    _______________________________________________________________

    1. Я думаю о том, чтобы поехать на юг летом.

    ______________________________________________________________

    1. Его обвинили в том, что он продал важные государственные        секреты.

    _____________________________________________________________

    1. Я с нетерпением ждал встречи с братом.

    _____________________________________________________________

    3. Заполните пропуски, употребляя герундий:

     Mr. Garrett likes _____ at home and _____ the newspapers in the evening. Joan, his wife, enjoys _____ novels. Natalie likes _____ for a walk in the evening. Alison’s favourite occupation is _____ to classical music.

     

       Глаголы для герундия: listen, read, read, sit, go                

    The Participle

    Причастие

    Это неличная форма глагола, имеющая свойства как глагола, так и прилагательного.

    Participle I

    Participle II

    Внешне определяется по –ing.

    Отражает незаконченный процесс.

    В предложении может быть:

    1. определением – соответствует русскому причастию (стоит либо перед существительным, либо после него)

    A fading flower lies on the table.

    2. обстоятельством (образа действия, причины, времени)

    Mary came in singing loudly.

    Whistling Tom left the room.

    Not knowing her address I cannot write to her.

    Studying English we must learn the words.

    Внешне определяется по V-ed, V3.

    Отражает законченный процесс.

    В предложении может быть:

    1. определением – соответствует русскому деепричастию

    Lost time never comes again.

    He has found a broken umbrella.

    The faded flower lies on the table.

    2. обстоятельством (в этом случае перед ним часто стоят союзы when, if, unless)

    When asked he answered at once.


    Вместо Participle II легче употребить форму Passive, помня, что существительное или местоимение в обеих частях предложения одно и то же.  На русский язык переводится в Passive:

    Когда его спрашивали, он тотчас же отвечал.

    ПЕРЕД ПРИЧАСТИЕМ НЕ СТАВИТСЯ ПРЕДЛОГ, ЧТО ОТЛИЧАЕТ ЕГО ОТ ГЕРУНДИЯ.

    1. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на причастия.

          1) Everybody looked at the dancing girl.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

          2) The man playing the piano is Kate’s uncle.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

          3) Entering the room, she turned on the light.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

          4) Looking out of the window, he saw his mother watering the flowers.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

           5) Working at his desk, he listened to a new CD.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

           6) Looking through the newspaper, she noticed a photograph of her boss.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            7) Hearing the sounds of music, we stopped talking.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. Выберите правильный вариант.

      1. By the end of this century there will be 600 million people around the world _____ in absolute poverty.

    1. living
    2. having lived
    3. lived

     2. I saw her _____ the street.

    1. crossed
    2. having crossed
    3. crossing

    3. While _____ the book I came across a lot of interesting facts.

    1. studying
    2. study
    3. having studied

       

    3. Переведите следующие группы слов, используя правильную форму причастия.

    a) получая письмо_______________________________________________                                        получив письмо___________________________________________________   мальчик, получающий письмо_______________________________________

            b) просматривая журналы________________________________________    просмотрев журналы_______________________________________________    человек, просматривающий журнал__________________________________

            с) написав письмо ______________________________________________    девочка, пишущая письмо__________________________________________

    4. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на причастия.

    1) Using chemicals, the firemen soon put out the fire in the forest.

    __________________________

    __________________________

    __________________________

    2) Running into the road, the young man stopped a taxi.

    __________________________

    __________________________

    __________________________

    3) The little plump woman standing at the window is my grandmother.

    __________________________

    __________________________

    __________________________

    4) He saw some people in the post office sending telegrams.

    __________________________

    __________________________

    __________________________

    5) The girl putting the book on the shelf is the new librarian.

    __________________________

    __________________________

    __________________________

    6) Taking a dictionary, he began to translate the text.

    __________________________

    __________________________

    7) The students speaking good English must help their classmates.

    __________________________

    __________________________

    __________________________

    5. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя требующуюся форму причастия.

         1) Артистка, рассказывающая детям сказки по радио, знаменита на всю страну.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         2) Рассказывая ребенку сказки, она говорит разными голосами, имитируя героев сказок.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         3) Рассказав ребенку сказку, она пожелала ему спокойной ночи.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

       

     4) Мальчик, бегущий мимо дома, вдруг остановился.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    5) Будучи очень занят, он не сразу услышал меня.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         6) Бабушка смотрела на детей, играющих во дворе.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         7) Сделав уроки, дети пошли гулять.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         8) Том подошел к смеющейся девочке.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         9) Подойдя к двери, он открыл ее.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         10) Лежа на диване, он читал книгу.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 

    6. Замените придаточные определительные предложения причастными оборотами.

            1. All the people who live in this house are students.

    All the people living in this house are students.

            2. The woman who is speaking now is our secretary.

    ______________________________________________________________

            3. The apparatus that stands on the table in the corner of the lab is quite new.

    _____________________________________________________________

            4. The young man who helps the professor in his experiments studies at our university.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            5. People who borrow books from the library must return them in time.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            6. There are many pupils in our class who take part in all kinds of extracurricular activities.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    7. Замените придаточные предложения времени причастными оборотами (не опускайте союз when!)

         1) You must have much practice when you are learning to speak a foreign language.

     You must have much practice when learning to speak a foreign language.

         

         2) When you speak English, pay attention to the order of words.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         3) When you are copying English texts, pay attention to the articles.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         4) When you begin to work with the dictionary, don’t forget my instructions.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         5) Be careful when you are crossing a street.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         6) When you are leaving the room, don’t forget to switch off the light.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         7) When they were traveling in Central Africa, the explorers met wild animals.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    8.  Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на Participle II.

    1) The coat bought last year is too small for me now.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2) Nobody saw the things kept in that box.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3) My sister likes boiled eggs.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    4) We stopped before a shut door.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


    5) This is a church built many years ago.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    6) The books written by Dickens give us a realistic picture of the 19th century England.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    7) Tied to the tree, the goat could not run away.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    9. Выберите из скобок требующуюся форму причастия.

    1. The girl (writing, written) on the blackboard is our best pupil.
    2. We listened to the Russian folk songs (singing, sung) by the girls.
    3. We listened to the girls (singing, sung) Russian folk songs.
    4. The floor (washing, washed) by Helen looked very clean.
    5. Who is that boy (doing, done) his homework at that table?
    6. The exercises (doing, done) by the pupils were easy.
    7. The house (surrounding, surrounded) by tall trees is very beautiful.
    8. Read the (translating, translated) sentences once more.
    9. She was reading the book (buying, bought) the day before.
    10. (Taking, taken) the girl by the hand, she led her across the street.
    11. Here is the letter (receiving, received) by me yesterday.
    12. Do you know the girl (playing, played) in the garden?
    13. The (losing, lost) book was found at last.
    14. (Going, gone) along the street, I met Mary and Ann.
    15. “How do you like the film?” he asked, (turning, turned) towards me.
    16. I think that the boy (standing, stood) there is his brother.

    10. Раскройте скобки, образовав от глагола соответствующую форму причастия.

    1. A crowd of (to excite) excited people stood (to watch) watching the burning house.
    2. The news was so (to excite) _______ that I could not stay at home any longer.
    3. (To walk)_________ along the street I saw several (to destroy)__________ houses.
    4. The (to frighten)_________ child could not sleep all night.
    5. (To understand)____________ that she couldn’t do it alone, she asked me to help her.

    The Infinitive

    Инфинитив

    Это неличная форма глагола, обозначающая состояние.

    Инфинитив имеет свойства как глагола, так и существительного.

    Свойства существительного:

    Инфинитив в предложении может быть:

            - подлежащим

    To sleep in the open air is healthy.

            - дополнением

    He likes to write letters to his friends.

            - именной частью составного сказуемого

    Her task was to look after small children.

    Свойства глагола:

            - за инфинитивом следует прямое дополнение

    I like to read interesting books.

            - инфинитив определяется наречием

    It is necessary to study systematically.

            - инфинитив имеет формы времени и залога

    Active

    Simple

    Continuous

    Perfect

    Perfect Continuous

    to read

    to be reading

    to have read

    to have been reading

    Passive


    to be read

    to have been read

    Инфинитив в предложении может также быть:

            - определением

    I have brought you a book to read.

            - обстоятельством

    They went early to get good tickets.

    Инфинитивные обороты

    В английском языке существуют так называемые «комплексы» - сложные обороты, состоящие из 2 или 3 частей и представляющие собой единое целое – один член предложения. Наиболее употребительные из них:

    1. Complex Object - сложное дополнение

    2. Complex Subject - сложное подлежащее

    3. “For” construction

    Complex Object (состоит из 2 частей) – существительное или местоимение в объектном падеже; - инфинитив (или герундий)

    а) употребляется с частицей to после глаголов, выражающих желание, потребность, точку зрения, предположения, таких как:

     to want, to wish, to like, to hate, to expect, to believe, to suppose, to know, to think, to understand, to consider, to find, to allow

    I want you to translate this text.

    We knew him to be very clever.

    б) употребляется без частицы to после глаголов, выражающих чувственное восприятие и ощущение, таких как: to see, to hear, to feel, to watch, to notice и после глаголов to let и to make (заставлять).

    We saw him get off the train.

    Let him go.

    Books make me think.

    Complex Subject (состоит из 3 частей, переводится со 2 части) - существительное или личное местоимение; - Passive Voice глаголов is said, is found, is shown, are expected, are believed, are reported, is supposed, is known, is likely; - инфинитив

    The book is considered to be very popular.

    They are said to work hard over their English.

    “For” construction for; - существительное или местоимение в объектном падеже; - инфинитив

    Everybody waited for the meeting to start.

    It is a book for you to read.

    1. Вставьте частицу to перед инфинитивом, где необходимо.

            1. I like _____ dance. 2. I shall do all I can _____ help you.   3. She made me _____ repeat my words several times. 4. She did not let her mother _____ go away. 5. Do you like _____ listen to good music? 6. That funny scene made me _____ laugh. 7. My brother can _____ speak French. 8. They wanted _____ cross the river. 9. It is high time for you _____ go to bed. 10. May I _____ use your telephone? 11. What makes you _____ think you are right?

    1. Переведите предложения.

    1. Моя мама не разрешает мне есть много конфет.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. Она хочет, чтобы у меня были хорошие зубы и я был здоров.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            c) Она заставляет меня чистить зубы in the morning after breakfast and in the evening before I go to bed.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Закончите предложения.

    1) My mother doesn’t let me ______________________________________

    2) My father made me____________________________________________

    3) I heard her___________________________________________________

    4) I don’t want you_______________________________________________

    5) I want my mother______________________________________________

    4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся форму инфинитива.

            1. He seems (to read) _______ a lot. 2. He seems (to read) _________ now. 3. He seems (to read) ________ since morning. 4. He seems (to read) ________ all the books in the library. 5. I want (to take) _______ you to the concert. 6. She hoped (to help) ________ her friends. 7. I hope (to see) ________ you soon. 8. We expect (to be) _________ back in two days. 9. The children seem (to play) ________ since morning. 10. I am glad (to do) ________ all the homework yesterday. 11. She seems (to work) _________at this problem ever since she came here. 12. I am sorry (to break) ________ your pen. 13. They are supposed (to work) _________ at the problem for the last 2 months.

    5. Замените выделенные части предложений инфинитивными оборотами.

    Example: The boy had many toys which he could play with.

                     The boy had many toys to play to.

    1. Here is something which will warm you up.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. Here is a new brush which you will clean your teeth with.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Here are some more facts which will prove that your theory is correct.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    4. Here are some tablets
    which will relieve your headache.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    5. Here are some articles which must be translated for tomorrow.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    6. Замените придаточные предложения инфинитивными оборотами.

    Example: He is so old that he cannot skate.

                    He is too old to skate.

    1) The baby is so little that he cannot walk.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2) She is so busy that she cannot talk with you.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3) She has got so fat that she cannot wear this dress now.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    4) She was so foolish that she could not understand my explanation.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    5) I have very little wool: it won’t make a sweater.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    6) The accident was so terrible that I don’t want to talk about it.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    7) The rule was so difficult that they did not understand it.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    7. Замените выделенные части  предложений инфинитивными оборотами.

            1. I need something I could write with.

    I need something to write with.______________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________

            2. I have brought you a book which you can read now, but be sure and return it by Saturday.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            3. I have no books which I can read.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            4. Is there anybody who will help you with your spelling?

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            5. Don’t forget that she has a baby which she must take care of?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            

        6. There was nothing that he could do except go home.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            7. I have only a few minutes in which I can explain these words to you.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            8. I have an exam which I must take soon.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         9. King Lear decided to have a hundred knights who would serve him after he had divided up his kingdom.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    8. На основе глаголов, данных в скобках, образуйте герундий или инфинитив.

    1. We read this novel last year. Do you remember (read) it?

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. He forgot (bring) his passport. He left it on the table.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Stop (talk); I’m trying to finish the letter.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. We stopped there (buy) some biscuits.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    5. You must never forget (say) “Thank you”.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Types of Conditional Sentences

    Типы условных предложений

     

    Типы

    Что можно сказать о действии

    Придаточное предложение

    Главное предложение

    1.Реальное условие

    Действие относится к будущему.

    Но после союзов: if, when, before, till, until, after, as soon as…

    будущее время не употребляется.

    Present Simple

    If the weather is fine,


    Если погода будет хорошая,


    (переводится будущим временем)

    Future Simple

    I’ll go for a walk.


    я пойду гулять.

    2.Маловероятное условие

    Действие относится к будущему или к настоящему.

    Past Simple

    If I were you,


    (were для всех лиц и чисел)

    На твоем месте

    Would + V

    I would go there




    я бы пошел туда.

    3. Нереальное условие

    Действие относится к прошлому.

    Past Perfect

    If I had had million $,


    Если бы у меня был миллион долларов,

    would + have + V3

    I would have gone to America

     бы уехал в Америку.

    1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требующейся форме.

    1. If you (not to buy) ________ coffee, we shall drink tea.
    2. If he is free tomorrow, he certainly (to come)______ to our party.
    3. My brother would not have missed so many lessons if he (not to hurt)__________ his leg.
    4. If my friend (to work)_______ in my office, we should meet every day.
    5. If you spoke English every day, you (to improve)__________ your language skills.
    6. If you get a “five”, your mother (to be)________ happy.
    7. If she (to return)___________ earlier, she would have been able to see him before he left.

    1. Переведите на английский язык.

            1) Если бы я знал французский, я бы уже давно поговорил с ней.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            

        2) Если бы я узнала об этом раньше, то сидела бы сейчас дома.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            3) Если бы он не был талантливым художником, его картину не приняли бы на выставку.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            4) Если бы ты позвонил раньше, она была бы сейчас здесь.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            5) Если бы он был умнее, он бы не пошел вчера в лес.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. Образуйте сослагательное наклонение.

        1) I don’t know the answer, but if I (know) it, I (tell) you.

    ______________________________________________________________

        2) I wish I (can) go with you there tomorrow

    ______________________________________________________________

        3) If you (be) born in 1967, how old you (be) in 1999?

    ______________________________________________________________

        4) If you (see) him yesterday, you (can) ask him about it yourself.

    ______________________________________________________________

        5) I wish I (be) there with you last summer.

    ______________________________________________________________

    1. Раскройте скобки.

    1. If I had known that you were in hospital I (visit) ________ you.
    2. If I (know) _______ that you were coming I’d have baked a cake.
    3. You would have seen my garden at its best if you (be) ______                          here last week.
    4. If I (see)_______ you in the street yesterday, of course I (say) _______ “Good morning”.
    5. If he had known the whole story he (not be) _______ so angry.
    6. The hens (not get) _______ into the house if you had shut the door.
    7. If he had known that the river was dangerous he (not try) _______ to swim across it.

    I wish…

    I wish… would + V

    I wish I would be there. Жаль, что меня там не будет. (действие относится к будущему)

    I wish… V2 (were для всех лиц)

    I wish I were there. Жаль, что меня там нет. (действие относится к настоящему)

    I wish… had + V3

    I wish I had been there. Жаль, что меня там не было. (действие относится к прошлому)

    1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся форму сослагательного наклонения после “I wish”.

    1. I wish I (to have) _______ a season ticket to the Philharmonic next winter.
    2. I love sunny weather. I wish it (to be) ________ warm and fine all the year round.
    3. I wish I (not to have) ___________ to do my homework every day.
    4. I wish you (to go) _________ skiing with me yesterday: I had such a good time.
    5. I wish I (not to drink) ____________ so much coffee in the evening: I could not sleep half the night.
    6. I wish we (to meet) ___________ again next summer.
    7. They wished they (not to see) _________ this horrible scene again.

    1. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя “I wish”.

    Example: It’s a pity you are ill.

                                 I wish you were not ill.

    1) Unfortunately they won’t return before Christmas.

    _________________________________________________________________

    2) It’s a pity that you did not send for us last night.

    _________________________________________________________________

    3) It’s a pity you are not with us these days.

    _________________________________________________________________

    4) He was sorry not to have had enough time to finish his paper.

    ______________________________________________________________

    5) What a pity. You don’t know enough physics.

    ______________________________________________________________

    Типы придаточных предложений

    Типы придаточных предложений


    Союзы


    Примеры


    Перевод






    1. придаточное – дополнение

    where

    if, whether

    what

    how

    that



    who

    which

    why

    1. We know where she lives.

    2. He asked if he could take that book.

    3. I do not know what I must do now.

    4. The secretary told us how we can arrange our offers.


    5. I think that I will be very busy.

    1. Мы знаем, где она живет.

    2. Он спросил, может ли он взять эту книгу.

    3. Я не знаю, что я должен делать сейчас.

    4. Секретарь сказала нам, как мы можем подготовить наши предложения.

    5. Я думаю, что я буду очень занят.







    2. придаточное – определение





    who

    which

    where

    when

    why

    1. People who can neither hear nor speak, talk to each other with the help of their fingers.

     

    2. The room has a stove which faces the door.


    3. It is the same teacher whom we saw last time.



    4. The house where they lived has been burned.

    5. The time when I was young has passed.

    6. Do you know the reason why she was late?

    1. Люди, которые не слышат и не говорят, объясняются друг с другом с помощью пальцев.

    2. Комната имеет печь, которая расположена напротив двери.

    3. Это тот же самый учитель, которого мы видели последний раз.

    4. Дом, где они когда-то жили, сгорел.

    5. Время, когда я был молодым, прошло.

    6. Ты знаешь причину, почему она опоздала?



    3.обстоятельства места



    where

    wherever

    1. Wherever you go you must remember about it.


    2. Put the vase where it belongs.

    1. Куда бы вы ни поехали, вы должны помнить об этом.

    2. Поставь вазу на место.




    4.обстоятельства времени

    when

    before

    by the time


    after

    till

    while

    since

    as soon as

    1. When summer comes we`ll go to the country.

    2. Let me smoke a cigarette before I go.


    3. By the time you come I`ll be ready.

    1. Когда наступит лето, мы поедем в деревню.

    2. Разрешите мне выкурить сигарету, прежде чем я уйду.

    3. К тому времени как ты придешь, я буду готов.

    5.обстоятельства причины

    because

    as

    He cannot go to the cinema because he is busy.

    Он не может пойти в кино, потому что очень занят.

    6.обстоятельства образа действия

    as

    that

    as if

    She speaks so loudly that everybody can hear her.

    Она говорит так громко, что все могут слышать ее.

    7.обстоятельства цели

    that

    in order that

    so that

    She must speak louder that everybody must hear her.

    Она должна говорить громче, чтобы все могли слышать ее.

    1. Соедините 2 предложения в одно.

            1. I saw a man there. The man was playing tennis.

    I saw a man who was playing tennis___________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

            2. You gave me a book to read. I lost it.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            3. We were talking about the man. Here he is.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            4. I saw a lot in London. I told them about everything.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            5. He came to the sports club. He wanted to talk to us.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. Переведите на английский язык.

            1) Позвони мне, перед тем как уедешь.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            2) Она последовала совету, который ей дал доктор.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            3) Меня спросили, был ли я за границей.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            4) Маша не рассказывала, где познакомилась с Михаилом.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            5) Когда родители вернулись домой, их сын уже спал.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

    1. Father told him how to throw the ball.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            2. I remember him the moment I saw him.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            3. The book you are discussing is unfamiliar to me.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            4. I met the man you had told me about.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            5. This girl says she can speak 3 languages.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. Закончите предложения, выбрав подходящие варианты из предложенных.

    he invented the telephone                it makes typewriters

    she runs away from home                it gives you the meanings of words

    they are never on time                it won the race

    they stole my car                        it can support life

    they used to hang on that wall                it was found last week

    1. Gerry works for a company that makes typewriters.
    2. The book is about a girl_________________________________________
    3. What was the name of the horse_________________________________?
    4. The police have caught the men____________________________________
    5. Alexander Bell was the man_______________________________________
    6. Where are the pictures__________________________________________?
    7. The police are still trying to identify the body__________________________
    8. A dictionary is a book___________________________________________
    9. I don’t like people_____________________________________________

    10. It seems that Earth is the only planet_____________________________

    1. Поставьте that, who или what там, где необходимо.

        1) She gives her children everything what they want.

        2) Tell me _____ you want and I’ll try to help you.

        3) Why do you blame me for everything ______ goes wrong?

        4) I won’t be able to do very much but I’ll do the best _____ I can.

        5) I can’t lend you any money. All _____ I’ve got is a pound.

         6) Nora is the only person ______ understands me.

         7) Why do you always disagree with everything _______ I say?

         8) I don’t agree with ______ you’ve just said.

         9) This is an awful film. It’s the worst ______ I’ve ever seen.

    РАЗДЕЛ «ЧТЕНИЕ»

    TEXT 1

    1. Прочитайте и переведите отрывок из письма русского мальчика Максима, которое он написал своему американскому другу о своей семье.

            Yesterday my friend visited me and brought me a book about genealogy. The book interested me greatly.

            Through genealogy we can trace our roots. Who our ancestors were, when and where they were born, whom they married, how many children they had and when they died. I decided to draw my family tree. There were not many branches on it. I found out that I didn’t know much about my relatives. I only knew that my ancestors had been peasants. They were poor, but cheerful and industrious, they had a lot of children, but most of them died of hunger and diseases.

            My father’s parents were also from the village, but they were ambitious and gifted.

            They got higher education and found well-paid jobs. They are highly-qualified economists now.

            My mother’s father died 5 years ago, and her mother lives in a village. My granny is my best friend, she has no education, but she is wise and has got life experience. She can always give advice, understand and forgive. She has a heart of gold.

            My mother is an accountant in a big firm. She has to work very hard and must be very attentive. My Mum comes home very tired and I do my best to help her. I’m proud of my Mum. She is very smart and attractive. My father is an engineer. He is clever, industrious, but a bit absent-minded. He is always in high spirits and has a perfect sense of humor. We are great friends.

            My elder brother and I look very different. I have blue eyes and his eyes are brown. We both have fair hair, but his hair is short? And mine is long and straight. I’m tall and thin. He is short and heavy. I’m pale and he is dark-skinned. Our lifestyles are also different. I go in for sports, but he rarely goes out. I’m very sociable, he has few friends. I’m always helpful, and he is a little bit lazy. But still we are very close.

            Sometimes I think: “Whom do I take after?” I don’t know the answer yet. But there is one thing I know for sure: though I want to be clever, strong-willed and industrious like my relatives, I will never become somebody’s exact copy.

    WORDLIST

    genealogy – генеалогия

    roots – корни

    to found out – обнаружить

    relatives – родственники

    peasant – крестьянин

    poor – бедный

    industrious – трудолюбивый

    disease – болезнь

    ambitious – честолюбивый

    gifted – одаренный, талантливый

    well-paid – хорошо оплачиваемый

    highly-qualified – высококвалифицированный

    wise – мудрый

    experience – опыт

    to forgive – прощать

    accountant – бухгалтер

    attentive – внимательный

    I do my best – Я стараюсь

    smart – энергичный, сообразительный

    attractive – привлекательный

    clever – умный

    absent-minded – рассеянный

    to be in high spirits – быть в хорошем настроении

    sense of humor – чувство юмора

    lifestyle – образ жизни

    to take after – пойти в кого-либо

    for sure – наверняка

    strong-willed – волевой

    exact – точный

    copy – копия

    2. Задайте 10 вопросов другу о его семье.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Какое письмо о своей семье написали бы вы своему зарубежному другу?

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    TEXT 2

    1. Прочитайте текст и составьте к нему вопросы всех типов:

            I have a lot of friends. They are people who I can have great fun with. When I’m in trouble they’re always there to cheer me up. Let’s take Jack, for example. He’s the one who I can turn to when I have problems at home. I can talk all my problems through with him. He’s supportive and can keep secrets. It’s important, isn’t it? And Jane? She’s so brainy! I always turn to her when I have problems with maths.

            Jessica is great at working on the computer. She teaches me how to work, too. She’s so kind and considerate. We have a lot of similar interests with Mike. And besides Make is the only one I can play football with! Each time we all get together we have a good laugh. Sometimes we have arguments, but we make up quickly. We  are never  bored!

    WORDLIST

    to cheer up – ободрять, утешать

    to turn to – обращаться  к кому-либо

    supportive – отзывчивый, готовый прийти на помощь

    brainy – умный, мозговитый

    considerate – внимательный к другим, отзывчивый

    similar interests – похожие (подобные) интересы

    to have arguments – cсориться, ругаться

    to make up -  мириться

    to be bored – скучать

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. С которой из этих пословиц вы согласны/не согласны? Почему?

    * Friends are the thieves of time.

    * A friend to everyone is a friend to nobody.

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Напишите мини-сочинение на тему “My best friend”.

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    TEXT 3

    1. Прочитайте диалог по ролям:

    Vlad: Good morning, Mum. How are you?

    Mother: Fine, thanks. Did you sleep well?

    Vlad: Yes, thank you. And where is Dad?

    Mother: He went out half an hour ago together with Alexei. They went shopping. Well, Vlad, it is your birthday soon. Are you going to have a birthday party this year?

    Vlad: Well, I’d love to. You know, Mum, now when I’m at college I have got many new friends. It would be nice if I could invite them to my place.

    Mother: Excellent idea! Let’s count how many friends you are going to call so that I can think about the menu and all the things.

    Vlad: I want to ask my best friends. They are Ilya, Stepan and Igor.

    Mother: Do I know any of them?

    Vlad: I suppose you have seen Ilya. Maybe you remember that broad-shouldered fellow with fair hair and dark eyes. We came across him in the street the other day.

    Mother: Ah, now I know whom you are talking about. He is fond of music and plays the guitar very well, as you told me. Okay, what about the rest?

    Vlad: Stepan is a funny slim little guy with brown hair and a snub nose. He is fond of reading fantasy and I took several books from him to read. He is an easy-going fellow. I like to talk to him. He came to our place in October. But you were not in at  that time. Dad saw him, I believe. And Igor is my new friend. He is very clever. He is a computer genius, the teachers say. But he is not a bookworm. He plays volleyball and swims well.

    Mother: Do you want to call any of your former schoolmates?

    Vlad: Actually, it will be nice to invite Misha. I haven’t seen him for  ages.

    Mother: Good! And will you ask Lena to come?

    Vlad: Oh, yes, certainly!

    Mother: Then you will invite your friends with their girlfriends, too.

    Vlad: You are right, Mum! Well, Igor’s girlfriends is at college with us, and Ilya took Masha hiking this summer, you know, when our group went on a three-days’ hike. She is good-natured and friendly. And just a week ago I saw Stepan with a remarkable  long-legged girl with blond hair. I suspect it is his new mate.

    Mother: What about Misha?

    Vlad: So far as I know he doesn’t have a girlfriend at the moment.

    Mother: Maybe you will invite one of your former classmates who is on friendly terms with him.

    Vlad: Why not? I think I will invite Veronica. She is very sociable. I will be glad to see her, too.

    Mother: So, how many people do we have, all in all?

    Vlad: Let me see… Igor and Olga, Stepan and his girlfriend, Ilya, Masha, Misha and Veronica. Ah, and Lena and me of course. It makes 10 people all together. Well, it is going to be a magnificent party, Mum.

    Mother: I’m sure of that.

    2. Переведите следующие выражения:

    1. broad-shouldered fellow - __________________________________________
    2. bookworm - _____________________________________________________
    3. funny slim little guy - _____________________________________________
    4. snub nose -______________________________________________________
    5. an easy-going fellow - _____________________________________________
    6. former schoolmates - _____________________________________________
    7. a three-days’ hike - _______________________________________________
    8. good-natured - ___________________________________________________
    9. remarkable long-legged girl - _______________________________________
    10. to be on friendly terms with - _______________________________________
    11. magnificent party - _______________________________________________

    TEXT 4

    1. Прочитайте текст

    My working day

            Hello. My name is Vlad Volkov and I am a college student. I am in my first year now. I want to tell you about my usual working day.

            It is 6.30 a.m. My younger brother Alexei is knocking at the door of my bedroom. But I stay in bed a little while longer. But anyway it is time to get up. I go to the bathroom and take a shower and clean my teeth, than come back to my room and switch on the television to watch the news while I am brushing my hair, shaving and putting my clothes on.

            Now it is time for breakfast. All my family is at table – my mother, my father, Alexei and myself. We chat and discuss news.

            After breakfast I look through my notes – just in case I have left something behind, put on my coat, then say good-bye to my mother and leave home. My father gives me a lift to the college in his car.

            I arrive at my college just in time to say hello to my fellow-students before the bell goes. As a rule, we have three or four periods every day. We go to college 5 days a week. Saturday and Sunday are our days off. We have lectures and seminars. Sometimes we work in the workshops.

            During the breaks we go to the gym and play a round or two of  basketball or volleyball.

            At 1 p.m. we have a long break. We go to the canteen. Then there is one more period, which is Maths. It is my favourite subject. The classes are over at 2.40 p.m. Sometimes I go to the library to study there.

    On my way home I see my girlfriend Lena. She smiles at me and we walk together for a while. I think that she is not only the most beautiful girl, but also the best friend. I am really fond of her. She is still a schoolgirl, she is leaving school this year.

    I come to my place at about 4 p.m. Mother is already at home. She is cooking in the kitchen. Soon my father and brother arrive and we have dinner together. After dinner I do my lessons for tomorrow, watch television and read. I don’t go out because the weather has become worse. I go to bed at about 11.30 p.m.

    2. Напишите про свой будничный день, используя предыдущий текст как образец.

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    TEXT 5

    1. Свидание. Что общего и в чем разница между свиданиями в англоговорящих странах и в нашей стране? Впишите свои ответы.

    In America, Britain & Canada

    In our country

       

          Young people often start meeting someone of the opposite sex around the age of 14. They do not need an older person to go with them. Teenagers generally date people of their own age, although girls sometimes date boys two or three years older than they are.

       How old are young people when they start dating?

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

         

          Either a girl or a boy can invite someone on a date. It does not mean that they date regularly only one person. They may go out with one person one week and someone else the next one. Most teenagers go on dates with more than one person. Young people may even date several friends at the same time. Sometimes two couples go together.

       Who do young people usually date?

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

         Parents very rarely choose dates for their children. Young people usually meet and choose their own dates. Sometimes, however someone arrangers a date for 2 people who do not know each other.

        How do teenagers choose their dates?

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

         Boys and girls go to parties together. They go on dates to the cinema, dances, roller skating, etc. A boy often goes to pick up his date at her home. Girls may invite boys to parties or other social events. Hands holding and light kissing in public are common. Anything more than light kissing is not generally approved of in public.

        Where do young people go on dates?

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________

    _________________________
    _________________________

    _________________________

     Dating is often very expensive. Today, even the simplest date can cost over $ 20. A couple on a date may go to the movies, and have a snack afterwards. Movies now cost $ 3-5 per person, and a snack can easily cost more than $ 10. The boy and girl often share expenses. Sometimes, however, one person pays for both people.

      How much does it cost to go on a date? Who is supposed to pay for entertainment when dating?

    ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. Составьте 5 вопросов разных типов к любому предложению из предыдущего текста.

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    3. Существует ли дружба между юношей и девушкой? Или это любовь? Напишите, что вы думаете по этому поводу.

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    TEXT 6

    1. Прочитайте текст и переведите.

            I had my first contact with English when I was six. My dad inspired me to listen to the Beatles. I listened to them every day for the next 7 years. In the beginning I could understand nothing of what they were singing. But soon I started to understand individual words, especially the ones which appeared in the song titles.

            Later I got a book with the words of all the songs. I read the book many times. I learned many songs by heart. I sang the songs to myself. Still, I understood very little of the meaning. It became my dream to learn English so well that I could understand the Beatles. So the Beatles were my first motivation. That is how I started on my way towards learning English.

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    TEXT 7

    1. Прочитайте диалог. Переведите.

            - OK, Rod. How did you become a computer programmer?

            - You know, I’m not completely sure. It just kind of happened… I supposed it started with my love of Maths. It was my best subject at school. And I used to spend a long time by myself at home, playing on the computer. Then I went to university to study computer science and I suppose. I just followed the fashion – straight into a job as a programmer.

            - Do you enjoy your work?

            - I did at first, but now there’s so much stress. Our field is so competitive. I’ve made my choice, though and it would be difficult for me to change now. Anyway, the money’s good and living in London is expensive.

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. А каковы ваши планы на будущее? Что (или кто) может на них повлиять?

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    TEXT 8

    1. Совместите части предложений.

    1) Journalists often work under pressure

    a) in order to do complicated movements elegantly

    2) A nurse should be patient

    b) and stay in the office till late at night

    3) A ballet dancer needs good physical coordination

    c) because they have to be the first to report the news

    4) A waiter should be able to deal with people well

    d) to be able to score goals

    5) A footballer should be flexible and play a part in a team

    e) in order to keep customers happy

    6) A bus driver needs to have good concentration

    f) because sick people may be upset and difficult to deal with

    7) Journalists often have to work long hours

    g) because he/she is responsible for the safety of everyone on the bus

    2. Переведите выделенные выражения из упражнения 1.

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    TEXT 9

    1. Прочитайте диалог по ролям.

        - What profession have you chosen, Pete?

        - I’ve decided to be an architect. I’ll build schools, factories and modern houses. I hope they will be fine, warm and comfortable.

        - And you, Sasha?

        - I’m going to work in the  field of atomic energy and I’ll devote all my research work to the peaceful use of atomic energy throughout the world.

        - It’s an important task, Sasha. And what about you, Ann?

        - I want to be an engineer. I’ll design new machines for our industry and agriculture. I hope that I’ll be able to apply results of Sasha’s research work in practice.

         - I don’t doubt your will, Ann.

         - What have you decided on, Boris?

         - My father works at a steel mill and I myself have also decided to follow him. Steel is needed very much. It’s one of the key branches of the national economy.

          - Good! Now we’ll see what Vasya is going to be.

          - I think that all people need doctors. The most responsible and important work is to care for people’s health, to look after the sick, to help them, to get better and to be strong again. That’s why I want to be a doctor.

           - What’s your dream, Vova?

           - I want to become a teacher.

         - I wish all your dreams may come true. But there is one thing I’m sure of. It’s only in our country that people have got every opportunity of learning and practicing the profession they choose. There will always be in our country useful and interesting jobs for people of all professions.

    2. А какую профессию выбрали вы? Почему?

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    3. Составьте диалог о своей будущей профессии.

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    4. Напишите свое резюме на свою будущую работу.

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    TEXT 10

    1. Nowadays more and more social problems are associated with being young. What teens` problems are discussed in this magazine article? While reading find the correct meaning of the highlighted words in the column on the right and tick it.

    WHAT MAKES OUR CHILDREN DO THIS?

         Today it is fashionable to speak about teenage problems. A few                                                                                                 years ago alcohol, fights, killings and other kinds of violence (a. detective stories, b. disagreement, c. cruel actions) were more problems for adults than for young people.                                              

        But now violence, AIDS, drugs and alcohol are more and more      associated with youngsters. For many children from poor families violence, drinking problems and all that is associated with poverty (a. problem, b. lack of good life, c. disease) becomes more real than reality.                                                                          

         The Government surveys show that every fifth teenager who was                  

    arrested for criminal actions was younger than 14 and could not be    

    sent to prison(a. place for criminals, b. private school, c. children`s home). Almost half of teenagers have an experience with drugs, alcohol and sex under age of 16. A lot of teenagers who have drug or alcohol addiction (a. protection, b. dependence, c. disability) almost never believe that they are dependent. These things are often combined with family and school problems.                                  

            What has gone wrong? Some specialists explain that the changes of our society, the system of our life force young people to choose their own lifestyle. On the one hand, our society agrees that 15-17-year-old  people are old enough to be responsible for what they do and give them quite a lot of freedom and rights. On the other hand, most adults think that teenagers are too young to be taken seriously. This misunderstanding produces many problems. Actually, a lot of teenagers say that their parents let them do anything they want are quite indifferent to their problems. Many teenagers get upset or depressed when they cannot solve their problems.

              As a result, it makes them believe that there is only one way out – to stop living and commit suicide (a. enjoy oneself, b. wait for somebody, c. kill oneself).                                                                                

           No doubt, the teens` problems will increase. And young people                      

    should feel that they are cared for.

     

    TEXT 11

    1. Прочитайте текст и переведите его.

         In order to stay healthy it is important to have a balanced diet – in other words, food that contains something from each of the three main groups of food. These groups are protein, fat and carbohydrates.

         You find protein in lots of food, for example meat, fish, nuts, cheese, milk. It helps your body grow and be healthy and it gives you energy.

          Fat gives you energy but don’t eat a lot – it`s bad for you. There are a lot of fatty foods that come from animals,  for example meat, milk, cheese and butter.

          Carbohydrates give you more than 70 % of your energy. Bread, pasta, cereals, fruits, vegetables such as potatoes and cabbage all contain lots of carbohydrates.

           Fruits, vegetables, beans and nuts, brown bread all have fibre. It doesn`t give you energy but it fills your stomach when you are hungry.

           There are many different vitamins and minerals. They help your body be healthy. You can get all your vitamins and minerals from fresh fruits and vegetables.

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    TEXT 12

    1. Прочитайте текст. Приготовьте пересказ.

            Moscow is the largest city in the Russian Federation, the seat of the government, the political, educational and cultural center of the country. The population of Moscow is over 9 million people, and the city is growing from day to day. Moscow being an ancient city one can come across the sights on every step.

            The heart of Moscow is the Kremlin and Red Square. It is not only a historic center, but also a unique architectural ensemble, famous all over the world. The Kremlin includes over 20 towers joined by the wall. Each tower has its own name; the most famous one is the Spasskaya Tower with its chimes. On the territory of the Kremlin there are beautiful ancient cathedrals, Tsar Bell and Tsar Cannon and the Armoury Museum – the exhibition of the treasures of the Russian tsars, including icons, crowns, coaches, presents from monarchs of other countries and ceremonial dresses. The Spasskaya Tower outlooks Red Square and the Pokrovsky Cathedral, which is famous all over the world for its exotic beauty.

            Not far from the Kremlin Arbat begins. It is the best-known street of the city. There is no traffic, so one can walk and enjoy watching the crowds of people strolling by. Arbat is the main tourist attraction after the Kremlin.

            But Moscow is not only the Kremlin and Arbat. The best way to describe Moscow is probably to say that it is like any other metropolis in the world – lines of cars (and traffic jams!), hurrying people, tall buildings, elegant restaurants, night clubs and much more. Its appearance is not always attractive, but beyond any doubt, fascinating and capturing!

    2. Найдите из текста и напишите эквиваленты следующим выражениям:

            1) культурный центр -__________________________________________

            2) уникальный архитектурный ансамбль -_________________________

            3) выставка сокровищ -_________________________________________

            4) автомобильные пробки -_____________________________________

            5) вне всякого сомнения -_______________________________________

    3. Что вы знаете о Москве? О ее истории? А какие достопримечательности вам известны? Напишите об этом.

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    4. Прочитайте диалог. Ответьте на последующие вопросы.

            - Here is a painting of the famous Russian painter Victor Vasnetsov “Vityaz at the Crossroads” («Витязь на распутье»). The painter showed the world of Russian fairy tales in his works.

            - How interesting!

            - Yes, Russian fairy tales are full of mysteries and legendary persons. I think that the vityaz on the painting comes from old stories about Russian warriors.

            - Sorry, what does “vityaz” mean?

            - Vityaz is the Russian word for “knight” (рыцарь). They were very popular in old Russia. When I look at this painting I think it’s Ilya Muromets, a great warrior, who saved the country from the evil.

            - I’m sorry, I didn’t catch the name.

            - I-l-y-a  M-u-r-o-m-e-t-s. Ilya Muromets. He is standing at the crossroads and doesn’t know where to go. He must choose: one road leads to death another leads to glory, and one more road leads to love. Which is the right road?

            - Sorry, I’m not sure I understand. Does it mean that he doesn’t know which road leads to happiness and which one to death?

            - Right.

            - Oh, there is a great idea in the picture: we never know what is in the future. Could you repeat the name of the painter, please?

            - V-I-c-t-o-r  V-a-s-n-e-t-s-o-v. Victor Vasnetsov.

    1) What did the tourist learn about the painter Victor Vasnetsov?

    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2) Find in the dialogue how the tourist:

         a) ask the guide to say something again

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         b) finds out about the meaning

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         c) checks that he/she understands

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

         d) shows he/she is listening

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    TEXT 13

    1. Прочитайте текст “British Mass Media. Newspapers”. Ответьте на вопросы.

    The British people are probably the greatest newspaper readers in the world. This explains the fact that there are quite a lot of editions of different kind. Generally, all the newspapers are divided into 2 groups. On the one hand, there are “quality” newspapers, which publish analytical articles on serious topics, involving economy, politics and business issues. Among the “quality” papers are The Times, The Guardian, The Financial Times, The Independent. Their circulation is not large, but their reputation is unshakeable. On the other Hand, there are “popular” papers, or “tabloids” which are considered entertaining rather than informative. People buy such kind of papers to learn the latest news on sports events, private life of celebrities and rumors. Their circulation is much larger compared to “quality” papers. They are usually less in size and use large letters for the headings to report sensational news. The newspapers of this kind have the word “Daily” in the name. There are usually a lot of photographs, crosswords, sketches, and commixes in these papers. Among them the most popular are Daily Express, The Sun, Daily Mail, Private Eye, Daily Mirror, Daily Star and others.

            Besides newspapers of daily circulation, there are also the ones issued on Sundays. These may be either the supplements to the daily papers, or independent Sunday papers, which are larger in size than the daily ones and usually have several separate parts on different topics. They can be called family papers, as there is something to read for each member of the family: love stories, detective stories, facts from history, sport, art, and much more. These newspapers contain the word “Sunday” in their title. Besides, there are a great number of all kinds of magazines.

            All the newspapers and magazines in the UK are privately owned. Fleet Street in London, which was known as the home of many newspapers, has now lost its prominence – the offices of many newspapers have moved away from London, as the rent is very high.

             Are the British people great newspaper readers?

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

           What types of newspapers are there in the UK?

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

           What do “quality” newspapers specialize in?

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

             What is main aim of “popular” newspapers?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

             Are Sunday newspapers larger or smaller in size than the newspapers issued on weekdays?

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            What articles can one read in Sunday papers?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

             Where were the offices of the largest British newspaper agencies previously situated?

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    TEXT 14

    1. Прочитайте текст “British Mass Media. Radio and Television”. Ответьте на вопросы:

            There are two main companies on the British Isles, which do the broadcasting over the country. They are the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) and the IBA (Independent Broadcasting Authorities). There are several minor broadcasting companies as well.

            In Britain there are four TV channels: the BBC I, the BBC II, the ITV («I» stands for “independent”) and Channel IV. All of them are different, each channel having its own target group and providing the viewers with high quality of programs to all tastes. Commercial TV stations broadcast entertainment programmes, light dramas, talk shows and documentaries, as well as sport programmes and news.

    1) What are the 2 main broadcasting companies in the UK?

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2) What are the TV channels in the UK?

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3) What kind of programmes do they broadcast?

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    1. Ответьте на вопросы о российском телевидении.

            1) How many TV channels are there?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            2) Are there any local TV channels in your town?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            3) Do you watch TV regularly?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            4) What is your favourite channel?

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            5) Why do you like it?

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            6) What kinds of programmes do you like watching?

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            7) Do you watch news regularly or occasionally?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            8) Why is it essential to watch news programmes?

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    TEXT 15

    1. Прочитайте мнения школьников и ответьте на вопрос:  What is the best way not to waste time?

    Anna:

    For me there is nothing more important than dancing. I take lessons in Irish dancing. You might think that is boring, but it’s really good fun and enjoyable. I have a chance to travel to places like Canada and the States to compete. The only thing that matters for me now is to win in the World Championships of Irish dancing in Ireland. I’m going there this month. I’m excited about my hobby. I think it’s a brilliant hobby and people should try it before they say it’s boring.

    Tom:

    When I come home from school I do nothing but relax because I’m very tired after a tough day at school. A like to sit in front of the telly with a bag of popcorn. I’m a bit of a couch potato. My favourite channel is MTV. My mum doesn’t like how I spend time. She says that I waste it. I don’t agree. Isn’t it fair just to relax? We all work very hard, especially when we have tests. More than that I get a lot out of TV. There is nothing I don’t know about my favourite group. And it’s also fun to be a fan!

    Ben:

    There’s one thing that is worth doing after school – it’s playing sport. It’s not only enjoyable, but useful, too. Sport makes you healthy and fit. I’m mad about climbing and every spare minute I spend in the local climbing centre. The great thing about climbing is that you can become good quickly. I took up climbing about 6 month ago and I was Thrilled with it. It’s different from other sports. It’s challenging and it makes me feel really strong. I also like the feeling of helping others. I’ve made lots of friends here. I enjoy it.

    2. TRUE or FALSE?

    1. Anna participates in Irish dancing because she wants to compete. ______________
    2. The only thing that matters for Anna is to have a chance to travel. _____________
    3. For Tom watching TV is a waste of time. _____________
    4. Tom thinks that he has right to relax after school. ___________
    5. Ben thinks that the best way to spend free time is going climbing. ______________
    6. The great thing about climbing is that it makes Ben feel strong. _______________

         

    1. А как вы проводите свое свободное время?

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    TEXT 16

    1. Прочитайте текст. Приготовьте его пересказ.

    The State Tretyakov Gallery

            The State Tretyakov Gallery is a museum of Russian art. It is one of the largest museums in the world.

            The Gallery was named after the Moscow merchant and lover of art Pavel Tretyakov, a tireless collector of art treasures who spent most of his life and his sizeable fortune on his collection.

            In 1856 Pavel Tretyakov bought his first two paintings by Russian artists. This year is considered to be the date of the foundation of the Tretyakov Gallery. Pavel Tretyakov is an outstanding person in Russian culture. He was interested in painting, followed the development of art and believed in Russian artists. Pavel Tretyakov decided to collect the most talented works of Russian Realist painters. He started with the pictures of his contemporaries and later began to collect pieces of ancient art as well.

            The canvases from the Tretyakov collection were exhibited not only in Russia but also abroad.

            On September 18, 1892, Pavel Tretyakov presented his collection to the city of Moscow. Since that time the Gallery has his name.

            The Tretyakov Gallery possesses a very rich and fine collection of Russian art from the 12th to the 20th century. There are magnificent collections of icons, including an icon by Andrei Rublev called “The Trinity”, paintings by famous Russian artists such sa Fyodor Rokotov, Orest Kiprensky, Karl Brulov, Alexander Ivanov, Ivan Kramskoy, Alexei Savrasov, Ilya Repin, Vasily Vereshchagin, Isaak Levitan, Valentin Serov and others and a collection of Russian sculpture.

            Nowadays the collection continues to expend. That is why it was necessary to reconstruct the Gallery and to give it extra floor space. At the beginning of the 1980s the Tretyakov Gallery was closed for reconstruction. In 1994 the Tretyakov Gallery opened its doors to the public. Several new halls have appeared. The conditions of painting storage have also been greatly improved.

    2. Напишите рассказ об известном художнике или композиторе. Постарайтесь использовать причастные обороты.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    TEXT 17

    1. Прочитайте краткие характеристики различных субкультур и определите их названия.

            Hacker                Rocker                   Hippie                Punk

            Mod            Raver                Skinhead                Biker                                     Goth

    A. These people developed their own style distinct from others. A person has college – style hair, a neat white shirt, a short jacket, or a short blazer jacket and narrow trousers. The clothes are Italian by choice. Pale face, plenty of make-up. Scooters are the preferred means of transportation. He/she prefers soul music. ________________

    B. A young person who dresses in a shocking way to express his/her identity. He/she has brightly colored hair and wears metal chains. The person is thought to rebel (protest) against the society. The music is aggressive. They reject (say no to) everything. _________________

    C. A young person who wears a leather jacket, army boots and a cowboy hat just to show off. He is associated with something rebellious. ______________________

    D. Some classify these types of people like drug users and rock and roll fans, since their behaviours differ from social norms. They don’t conform (don’t keep) to society’s standards and support a liberal attitude and lifestyle. They always want to change the world to the best. _____________________

    E. They are the “wizards” of the computer community; people with a deep understanding of how their computers work, and can do things with them that seen “magical”. They do not protest against their parents. ________________________

    F. These are the folks who use computer-made, synthesized music, and drugs to create massive all-night dance parties in empty warehouses (склад). They like to be in a collective. They want to try out allsorts of options and are thought to be violent. _________________

    G. The members of this subculture wear the blackest black, with a lot of silver jewellery and have very black hair and look as thin and pale as possible. The members gather together to read Bram Stoker and talk about being vampires, and about the end of the world. _______________________

    H. All persons who ride 2 or sometimes 3 wheeled motorized vehicles and who identify themselves with a particular subculture. ____________________

    I.  They cut their hair shorter than others do. The majority of them are working class, patriotic reggae and football fans, and very uninterested in politics. Most wear tight trousers and heavy boots and are usually regarded as violent and aggressive. ______________

    TEXT 18

    1. Прочитайте статью и выберите подходящий заголовок к ней.

    1. Teenagers ignore litter bins “to stay cool”.
    2. More litter bins in the streets!
    3. Teenagers against litter.

           Teenagers have admitted they drop litter because they don’t think it’s cool to use a bin. A survey by the Tidy Britain Group found that boys say that putting rubbish in a bin would make them appear “soft” or “uncool”. Youngsters aged 13-16 were asked what they thought litter was, how big a problem it was in their area, who they thought dropped litter and why they did it.

           Most teenagers believe rubbish is mainly made up of sweet and crisp wrappers and that richer areas are less likely to be littered than poorer ones. They also recognize that rubbish is a common thing in and around schools. When it comes to dropping litter, the kids questioned admitted their age group were the biggest culprits, with boys more to blame than girls. One 14-year-old said he dropped litter “365 days a year – ‘cos I’m always eating”.

           A lack of waste bins was mentioned as an excuse for dropping rubbish, but the main reason given is laziness and peer pressure.

    culprit – виновник

    peer pressure – давление со стороны приятелей

    wrapper - обертка

    2. Прочитайте текст еще раз и ответьте на вопросы.

            According to the survey:

    1. What age group is mainly responsible for dropping litter?

    ______________________________________________________________

    2. What places are most littered?


    _____________________________________________________________


    3. What are the four reasons for teenagers to drop litter?

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Какие 5 вопросов были заданы подросткам? (см. № 1). Напишите их.

            1. __________________________________________________________

            2. __________________________________________________________

            3. ___________________________________________________________

            4. ___________________________________________________________

            5. ___________________________________________________________

    TEXT 19

    1. Прочитайте стихотворение. Выучите его наизусть.

    I am the Earth

    And the Earth is me.

    Each blade of grass,

    Each honey tree,

    Each bit of mud,

    And stick and stone

    Is blood and muscle,

    Skin and bone.

    And just as I

    Need every bit

    Of me to make

    My body fit,

    So Earth needs

    Grass and stone and tree

    And things that grow here

    Naturally.

    2. О чем это стихотворение? Как бы вы его назвали? Согласны ли вы с его смыслом?

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Список литературы

    1. New Millennium English: учебник англ. яз. для 9 кл. общеобраз. учрежд. / О. Л. Гроза, О. Б. Дворецкая, Н. Ю. Казырбаева, В. В. Клименко,                  М. Л. Мичурина, Н. В. Новикова, Т. Н. Рыжкова, Е. Ю. Шалимова. – Обнинск: Титул, 2006. – 192 с.: ил.

    1. Книга для учителя к учебнику «New Millennium English» для 9 кл. общеобраз. учрежд. / О. Л. Гроза, О. Б. Дворецкая, Н. Ю. Казырбаева,                В. В. Клименко, М. Л. Мичурина, Н. В. Новикова, Т. Н. Рыжкова,                       Е. Ю. Шалимова. – Обнинск: Титул, 2006. – 224 с.: ил.

    1. Клементьева, Т. Б., Шэннон, Д. Счастливый английский. Кн. 2 для 7-9 кл. общеобразов. шк. – Обнинск: Титул, 1996 – 448 с.: ил.

    1. Кауфман, К. И., Кауфман, М. Ю. Рабочая тетрадь № 1 к учеб. пособию для 7-9 кл. обшеобразов. учрежд. «Happy English-2». – Изд. четв. – Обнинск: Титул, 2006. – 116 с.: ил.

    1. Голицынский, Ю. Б. Грамматика: Сборник упражнений. – 5-е изд., - СПб.: КАРО, 2005. – 544 с. – (Английский язык для школьников).

    1. Миньяр-Белоручева, А. П. 300 тестов по английской грамматике: учеб. пособие / А. П. Миньяр-Белоручева. – 6-е изд., стереотип. – М.: Издательство «Экзамен», 2006. – 60, [4] с.

    1. Кайшева, Р. П. Сам себе грамматики: Английский язык. Book One; Book Two; Key-book. Ижевск 2002.

    1. Murphy, Raymond. English grammar in use: a self – study reference and practice book for intermediate students with answers. – Cambridge University Press 1985.

    1. Голубев, А. П. Английский язык: учеб. пособие для студ. сред. проф. учеб. заведений / А. П. Голубев, Н. В. Балюк, И. Б. Смирнова. – 2-е изд., испр. – М.: Издательский центр «Академия», 2006. – 336 с.

    1. Миловидов, В. А. 10 консультаций по английскому языку. – 2-е изд., испр. – М.: Рольф: Айрис-пресс, 1999. – 320 с. – (Домашний репетитор).

    1. Справочник школьника: 5-11 классы. – М.: АСТ-ПРЕСС, 2000. –       768 с.

    1. Английский язык: учебник для 10-11 кл. общеобразоват. учреждений / В. П. Кузовлев, Н. М. Лапа, Э. Ш. Перегудова и др. – М.: Просвещение, 2000 – 336 с.: ил.

    1.  Рогова, Г. В. Английский язык за два года: учебник для 10-11 кл. общеобразоват. учреждений / Г. В. Рогова, Ф. М. Рожкова. – 12-е изд. – М.: Просвещение, 2003. – 384 с.: ил.

    1.  Английский язык: учебник для 7 кл. общеобразоват. учреждений /   В. П. Кузовлев, Н. М. Лапа, Э. Ш. Перегудова и др. – 2-е изд. – М.: Просвещение, 2002. – 319 с. ил.

    1.  Английский язык: Кн. для чтения к учебнику для 7 кл. общеобразоват. учреждений / В. П. Кузовлев, Н. М. Лапа, Э. Ш. Перегудова и др. – 2-е изд. – М.: Просвещение, 2002. – 127 с.: ил.

    1. Ворошилова, Н. А. Сборник технических текстов по английскому языку. – Ижевск, 2006.


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