Урок “What can we do to save our world?”
методическая разработка по английскому языку (8 класс) на тему

Алешина Наталия Петровна

Углубление и расширение знаний учащихся об экологии, убеждение учащихся в важности решения экологических проблем.

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МБОУ «Краснослободский многопрофильный лицей»

Краснослободского района

Республики Мордовия

Тема урока:

“What can we do to save our world?”

Класс: 8

Урок подготовил: Алешина Наталья Петровна,

учитель английского языка

Тема урока: “What can we do to save our world?”

Класс: 8

Цель: углубление и расширение знаний учащихся об экологии

Задачи:

Учебные:        

1) введение и семантизация новых лексических единиц по теме;

2) совершенствование навыков аудирования;

3) активизация навыков поискового чтения;

4) совершенствование навыков монологической;

5) использование изученной грамматики (Conditional Sentences) в устной речи.

Развивающие :         

1) развитие мышления, внимания, памяти, языковой               догадки;

2) развитие самостоятельности и креативности;

3) развитие умений взаимодействия в паре/группе;

4) расширение кругозора (развитие лингвострановедческой компетенции).

Воспитывающие:

1) убедить учащихся в важности решения экологических проблем;

2) воспитывать уважение к собеседнику, умение выслушать;

3) научить ребят сотрудничеству и работе в парах.

Ход урока:

1. Организационный момент. Приветствие.

Good morning, girls and boys! Glad to see you. Sit down, please.

2. Вступительное слово учителя: сообщение темы урока и плана работы.                T- P

Listen to me very attentively. You should guess the theme of our lesson. What are we going to talk about? Are you ready?

People have been living on the Earth for thousands of years. They build houses, power stations, roads, use mineral resources of the Earth. But they don’t think that the supply of it is limited. People constantly influence our planet and change it. Nowadays you notice that there are a lot of droughts, earthquakes, floods. The climate is changing. Snow is melting on the North Pole. I think in such way the Earth is answering to people because it is suffering. Who can help it?

What will we talk about? And what should we do?

(Slide 1) (Учащиеся называют тему урока)

T: What is a problem of our lesson?

P: The problem of our lesson is to show the ways how to help our planet.

T: Look at the slide and read the sign at the entrance of the National Canadian Natural park. (Slide 2).

Walk lightly on the Earth. See but don’t be seen. Hear, but don’t be heard.

What you carry in, carry out. Take only memories, leave only footprints.

Легко шагай по планете Земля. Смотри, но будь невидим. Слушай, но будь бесшумен. Что принёс, унеси с собой. Возьми только воспоминания и оставь только следы (Надпись на входе в Канадский национальный природный парк)

T: To my mind this sign is very exact. Our planet is in danger. We should think about it. (There is a drawing of the Earth on the blackboard.) Look at the blackboard and imagine that it is our planet. How do people influence the Earth?

Let’s write the most crucial problems which impact on the planet negatively.

Dangerous technologiesEarthbig.jpgCrimes                    Diseases

Wars       Terrorism       Pollution        Drugs       Breaking human rights

T: Many years ago people didn’t have the slightest idea of the term ecology, but nowadays reading newspapers, listening to the radio or watching TV we meet this word regularly, so what is ecology?

P: Ecology is the study of plants and animals in relation to their environment.

T: Yes, but while telling us about ecological problems our ecologists use many ecological notions. Let’s have a look at some of these notions. Let’s read and translate them. (Slide 3)

Glossary

Acid rain – when harmful gases from cars and power plants are released into the air and fall back to the Earth with rain or snow.

Atmosphere – all the gases around the Earth

Carbon dioxide – a gas in the atmosphere.  The gas that we breathe out.

Ecology – the study of organisms and their environment.

Ecosystem  - a community of plants and animals living together.

Global warming – an increase in the Earth’s temperature, caused by a build-up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Ozone (O  ) – a type of oxygen

Ozone layer – this is in the atmosphere, between 10km and 60km above the Earth. The ozone stops a lot of the ultraviolet radiation from the sun.

Recycle – to use over and over again. Renewable resource.

T: Let’s write it down into your vocabularies.

(Pupils write them)

T: We live in Krasnoslobodsk and we have a lot of ecological problems. What are they?

Now your task is to describe one of the ecological situations and give some advice how to solve it.

Cards with ecological situations:

  1. Krasnoslobodsk looks very dull.
  2. There is a lot of litter in the streets.
  3. The roads are dirty and dangerous.
  4. The danger of the flu.
  5. Pollution of the river Moksha.
  6. Homeless dogs in the streets.

(Pupils discuss the following situations.)

Thank you for your work. I wonder what would you do in the following situations?

Translate the sentences from English into Russian.

  1. Если бы мы заботились о нашей планете, мы бы не имели так много экологических проблем.
  2. Если бы люди не вырубали деревья, воздух был бы чище.
  3. Если бы мы не загрязняли нашу планету, многие виды редких животных не исчезли бы.
  4. Если бы мы не загрязняли наши реки, реки были бы полны рыбы.
  5. Если бы мы сажали больше деревьев, мы могли бы спасти диких животных.
  6. Если бы мы не выбрасывали мусор на улицах, наши улицы были бы чище.

T: Complete the sentence:

If I were the President of our country…

Now let’s see if you are good ecologists. I suggest you doing this psychological test.

1.What does your family do with empty bottles? 

A) take them to a recycling centre;

B) return them to the supermarket;

C) throw them to the rubbish bin; 

2.Do you use water-based cleaning products to clean your house? 

A) I don’t check;

B) I try to;

C) always; 

3.How often do you use insect sprays? 

A) never;

B) always;

C) seldom; 

4.If  you were asked to contribute to save the animal project, you would 

A) give generously;

B) give a small amount;

C) refuse to give anything;

5.A local beach has been polluted with oil. You: 

A) donate money for the clean up project;

B) do nothing;

C) volunteer to help with the clean up project; 

6.You eat a chocolate bar in the street. What do you do with the wrapper? 

A) drop it on the pavement;

B) put it in a litter bin;

C) save it for recycling; 

7.Do you ever enjoy light meals that require little or no cooking like salad? 

A) not very often;

B) often;

C) sometimes; 

8.When you clean your teeth, you: 

A) turn the tap on only when you need water;

B) leave the tap running until you have finished;

C) only use one glass of water;

T: Let’s see our results.

1.   a) 3;        b) 2;     c) 0;

2.   a) 0;        b) 2;     c) 3;

3.   a) 3;        b) 0;     c) 2;

4.   a) 3;        b) 2;     c) 0;

5.   a) 2;        b) 0;     c) 3;

6.   a) 0;        b) 2;     c) 3;

7.   a) 0;        b) 3;     c) 2;

8.   a) 2;        b) 0;     c) 3.

    18-24  KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK! YOU ARE DOING YOUR PART TO PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT.

    13-17  THERE IS SOME ROOM FOR IMPROVEMENT. CHANGE YOUR HABITS  AND SOON YOU WILL BE GREEN.

    0-12   YOU ARE PART OF THE PROBLEM. YOU SHOULD TRY TO BECOME PART OF THE SOLUTION.

T: It’s time to make a conclusion of our lesson. What have you learned? Answer the questions:

  1. Why have many species of birds and animals disappeared?
  2. What is the air polluted by?
  3. Are rivers polluted?
  4. Why are forests disappearing all over the world?
  5. Can you see pollution at the seaside?
  6. People are in danger, aren’t they?
  7. What are the most serious environmental problems now?
  8. How can we solve them?
  9. What do you think is the first step?

(Подведение итогов, оценивание работы учащихся на уроке. Учащиеся кратко подводят итог того, что они нового узнали на уроке.)

Our Earth is so beautiful. Nature gives people its riches to live and enjoy. We cannot live without fresh air, clean water, sunshine and a lot of things, which must take care of it. We must keep our rivers and lakes, forests and towns clean. We must plant flowers, feed birds and animals in winter. Then we’ll be happy to live on the most beautiful planet in the Universe.

Учитель оценивает работу каждого ученика, комментировано выставляя отметки; благодарит учащихся за работу и прощается с ними.

The lesson is over. Thank you for your work. Goodbye.

Литература.

Аудирование. (Шереметьева А.В.  Английский язык. Страноведческий справочник. – 2 изд., испр. и доп. – Саратов: Лицей, 2011. с.174-176)

 Учебник М.З. Биболетовой “Enjoy English” – 8 класс

Teacher’s book - 8 класс


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Подписи к слайдам:

Слайд 1

What can we do to save the Earth? What can we do to save our world ? Подготовила: учитель английского языка Алёшина Н.П. МБОУ « Краснослободский многопрофильный лицей»

Слайд 2

Walk lightly on the Earth. See but don’t be seen. Hear, but don’t be heard. What you carry in, carry out. Take only memories, leave only footprints. Легко шагай по планете Земля. Смотри, но будь невидим. Слушай, но будь бесшумен. Что принёс, унеси с собой. Возьми только воспоминания и оставь только следы.(Надпись на входе в Канадский национальный природный парк)

Слайд 3

Acid rain – when harmful gases from cars and power plants are released into the air and fall back to the Earth with rain or snow. Atmosphere – all the gases around the Earth Carbon dioxide – a gas in the atmosphere. The gas that we breathe out. Ecology – the study of organisms and their environment. Ecosystem - a community of plants and animals living together. Global warming – an increase in the Earth’s temperature, caused by a build-up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Ozone (O ) – a type of oxygen Ozone layer – this is in the atmosphere, between 10km and 60km above the Earth. The ozone stops a lot of the ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Recycle – to use over and over again. Renewable resource. Solar energy – energy that comes from the sun. Smog - brown air pollution that comes from cars and factories; it makes the air unsafe for people, animals and plants to breathe. Toxic - another word for poisonous. Ultraviolet radiation – part of sunlight.

Слайд 4

TEST 1.What does your family do with empty bottles? A) take them to a recycling centre; B) return them to the supermarket; C) throw them to the rubbish bin; 2.Do you use water-based cleaning products to clean your house? A) I don’t check; B) I try to; C) always; 3.How often do you use insect sprays? A) never; B) always; C) seldom; 4.If you were asked to contribute to save the animal project, you would A) give generously; B) give a small amount; C) refuse to give anything;

Слайд 5

5.A local beach has been polluted with oil. You: A) donate money for the clean up project; B) do nothing; C) volunteer to help with the clean up project; 6.You eat a chocolate bar in the street. What do you do with the wrapper? A) drop it on the pavement; B) put it in a litter bin; C) save it for recycling; 7.Do you ever enjoy light meals that require little or no cooking like salad? A) not very often; B) often; C) sometimes; 8.When you clean your teeth, you: A) turn the tap on only when you need water; B) leave the tap running until you have finished; C) only use one glass of water ;

Слайд 6

RESULTS 1. a) 3; b) 2; c) 0; 2. a) 0; b) 2; c) 3; 3. a) 3; b) 0; c) 2; 4. a) 3; b) 2; c) 0; 5. a) 2; b) 0; c) 3; 6. a) 0; b) 2; c) 3; 7. a) 0; b) 3; c) 2; 8. a) 2; b) 0; c) 3. 18-24 KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK! YOU ARE DOING YOUR PART TO PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT. 13-17 THER E IS SOME ROOM FOR IMPROVEMENT. CHANGE YOUR HABITS AND SOON YOU WILL BE GREEN. 0-12 YOU ARE PART OF THE PROBLEM. YOU SHOULD TRY TO BECOME PART OF THE SOLUTION.

Слайд 7

Answer the following questions : Why have many species of birds and animals disappeared ? What is the air polluted by? Are rivers polluted? Why are forests disappearing all over the world? Can you see pollution at the seaside? People are in danger, aren’t they? What are the most serious environmental problems now? How can we solve them? What do you think is the first step?

Слайд 8

Let’s look at our planet once again. It’s so beautiful! Why should we take care of our planet? Our Earth is so beautiful. Nature gives people its riches to live and enjoy. We cannot live without fresh air, clean water, sunshine and a lot of things, which must take care of it. We must keep our rivers and lakes, forests and towns clean. We must plant flowers, feed birds and animals in winter. Then we’ll be happy to live on the most beautiful planet in the Universe.


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